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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014, 2015 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2013 Nikita Karetnikov <nikita@karetnikov.org>
;;; Copyright © 2014 Alex Kost <alezost@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2015 Mark H Weaver <mhw@netris.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (guix profiles)
#:use-module (guix utils)
#:use-module (guix records)
#:use-module (guix derivations)
#:use-module (guix packages)
#:use-module (guix gexp)
#:use-module (guix monads)
#:use-module (guix store)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 regex)
#:use-module (ice-9 ftw)
#:use-module (ice-9 format)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-9)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-11)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-19)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
#:export (&profile-error
profile-error?
profile-error-profile
&profile-not-found-error
profile-not-found-error?
&missing-generation-error
missing-generation-error?
missing-generation-error-generation
manifest make-manifest
manifest?
manifest-entries
<manifest-entry> ; FIXME: eventually make it internal
manifest-entry
manifest-entry?
manifest-entry-name
manifest-entry-version
manifest-entry-output
manifest-entry-item
manifest-entry-dependencies
manifest-pattern
manifest-pattern?
manifest-remove
manifest-add
manifest-lookup
manifest-installed?
manifest-matching-entries
manifest-transaction
manifest-transaction?
manifest-transaction-install
manifest-transaction-remove
manifest-perform-transaction
manifest-transaction-effects
profile-manifest
package->manifest-entry
profile-derivation
generation-number
generation-numbers
profile-generations
relative-generation
previous-generation-number
generation-time
generation-file-name))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; Tools to create and manipulate profiles---i.e., the representation of a
;;; set of installed packages.
;;;
;;; Code:
;;;
;;; Condition types.
;;;
(define-condition-type &profile-error &error
profile-error?
(profile profile-error-profile))
(define-condition-type &profile-not-found-error &profile-error
profile-not-found-error?)
(define-condition-type &missing-generation-error &profile-error
missing-generation-error?
(generation missing-generation-error-generation))
;;;
;;; Manifests.
;;;
(define-record-type <manifest>
(manifest entries)
manifest?
(entries manifest-entries)) ; list of <manifest-entry>
;; Convenient alias, to avoid name clashes.
(define make-manifest manifest)
(define-record-type* <manifest-entry> manifest-entry
make-manifest-entry
manifest-entry?
(name manifest-entry-name) ; string
(version manifest-entry-version) ; string
(output manifest-entry-output ; string
(default "out"))
(item manifest-entry-item) ; package | store path
(dependencies manifest-entry-dependencies ; (store path | package)*
(default '())))
(define-record-type* <manifest-pattern> manifest-pattern
make-manifest-pattern
manifest-pattern?
(name manifest-pattern-name) ; string
(version manifest-pattern-version ; string | #f
(default #f))
(output manifest-pattern-output ; string | #f
(default "out")))
(define (profile-manifest profile)
"Return the PROFILE's manifest."
(let ((file (string-append profile "/manifest")))
(if (file-exists? file)
(call-with-input-file file read-manifest)
(manifest '()))))
(define* (package->manifest-entry package #:optional output)
"Return a manifest entry for the OUTPUT of package PACKAGE. When OUTPUT is
omitted or #f, use the first output of PACKAGE."
(let ((deps (map (match-lambda
((label package)
(gexp-input package))
((label package output)
(gexp-input package output)))
(package-transitive-propagated-inputs package))))
(manifest-entry
(name (package-name package))
(version (package-version package))
(output (or output (car (package-outputs package))))
(item package)
(dependencies (delete-duplicates deps)))))
(define (manifest->gexp manifest)
"Return a representation of MANIFEST as a gexp."
(define (entry->gexp entry)
(match entry
(($ <manifest-entry> name version output (? string? path) (deps ...))
#~(#$name #$version #$output #$path #$deps))
(($ <manifest-entry> name version output (? package? package) (deps ...))
#~(#$name #$version #$output
(ungexp package (or output "out")) #$deps))))
(match manifest
(($ <manifest> (entries ...))
#~(manifest (version 1)
(packages #$(map entry->gexp entries))))))
(define (sexp->manifest sexp)
"Parse SEXP as a manifest."
(match sexp
(('manifest ('version 0)
('packages ((name version output path) ...)))
(manifest
(map (lambda (name version output path)
(manifest-entry
(name name)
(version version)
(output output)
(item path)))
name version output path)))
;; Version 1 adds a list of propagated inputs to the
;; name/version/output/path tuples.
(('manifest ('version 1)
('packages ((name version output path deps) ...)))
(manifest
(map (lambda (name version output path deps)
;; Up to Guix 0.7 included, dependencies were listed as ("gmp"
;; "/gnu/store/...-gmp") for instance. Discard the 'label' in
;; such lists.
(let ((deps (match deps
(((labels directories) ...)
directories)
((directories ...)
directories))))
(manifest-entry
(name name)
(version version)
(output output)
(item path)
(dependencies deps))))
name version output path deps)))
(_
(error "unsupported manifest format" manifest))))
(define (read-manifest port)
"Return the packages listed in MANIFEST."
(sexp->manifest (read port)))
(define (entry-predicate pattern)
"Return a procedure that returns #t when passed a manifest entry that
matches NAME/OUTPUT/VERSION. OUTPUT and VERSION may be #f, in which case they
are ignored."
(match pattern
(($ <manifest-pattern> name version output)
(match-lambda
(($ <manifest-entry> entry-name entry-version entry-output)
(and (string=? entry-name name)
(or (not entry-output) (not output)
(string=? entry-output output))
(or (not version)
(string=? entry-version version))))))))
(define (manifest-remove manifest patterns)
"Remove entries for each of PATTERNS from MANIFEST. Each item in PATTERNS
must be a manifest-pattern."
(define (remove-entry pattern lst)
(remove (entry-predicate pattern) lst))
(make-manifest (fold remove-entry
(manifest-entries manifest)
patterns)))
(define (manifest-add manifest entries)
"Add a list of manifest ENTRIES to MANIFEST and return new manifest.
Remove MANIFEST entries that have the same name and output as ENTRIES."
(define (same-entry? entry name output)
(match entry
(($ <manifest-entry> entry-name _ entry-output _ ...)
(and (equal? name entry-name)
(equal? output entry-output)))))
(make-manifest
(append entries
(fold (lambda (entry result)
(match entry
(($ <manifest-entry> name _ out _ ...)
(filter (negate (cut same-entry? <> name out))
result))))
(manifest-entries manifest)
entries))))
(define (manifest-lookup manifest pattern)
"Return the first item of MANIFEST that matches PATTERN, or #f if there is
no match.."
(find (entry-predicate pattern)
(manifest-entries manifest)))
(define (manifest-installed? manifest pattern)
"Return #t if MANIFEST has an entry matching PATTERN (a manifest-pattern),
#f otherwise."
(->bool (manifest-lookup manifest pattern)))
(define (manifest-matching-entries manifest patterns)
"Return all the entries of MANIFEST that match one of the PATTERNS."
(define predicates
(map entry-predicate patterns))
(define (matches? entry)
(any (lambda (pred)
(pred entry))
predicates))
(filter matches? (manifest-entries manifest)))
;;;
;;; Manifest transactions.
;;;
(define-record-type* <manifest-transaction> manifest-transaction
make-manifest-transaction
manifest-transaction?
(install manifest-transaction-install ; list of <manifest-entry>
(default '()))
(remove manifest-transaction-remove ; list of <manifest-pattern>
(default '())))
(define (manifest-transaction-effects manifest transaction)
"Compute the effect of applying TRANSACTION to MANIFEST. Return 4 values:
the list of packages that would be removed, installed, upgraded, or downgraded
when applying TRANSACTION to MANIFEST. Upgrades are represented as pairs
where the head is the entry being upgraded and the tail is the entry that will
replace it."
(define (manifest-entry->pattern entry)
(manifest-pattern
(name (manifest-entry-name entry))
(output (manifest-entry-output entry))))
(let loop ((input (manifest-transaction-install transaction))
(install '())
(upgrade '())
(downgrade '()))
(match input
(()
(let ((remove (manifest-transaction-remove transaction)))
(values (manifest-matching-entries manifest remove)
(reverse install) (reverse upgrade) (reverse downgrade))))
((entry rest ...)
;; Check whether installing ENTRY corresponds to the installation of a
;; new package or to an upgrade.
;; XXX: When the exact same output directory is installed, we're not
;; really upgrading anything. Add a check for that case.
(let* ((pattern (manifest-entry->pattern entry))
(previous (manifest-lookup manifest pattern))
(newer? (and previous
(version>=? (manifest-entry-version entry)
(manifest-entry-version previous)))))
(loop rest
(if previous install (cons entry install))
(if (and previous newer?)
(alist-cons previous entry upgrade)
upgrade)
(if (and previous (not newer?))
(alist-cons previous entry downgrade)
downgrade)))))))
(define (manifest-perform-transaction manifest transaction)
"Perform TRANSACTION on MANIFEST and return new manifest."
(let ((install (manifest-transaction-install transaction))
(remove (manifest-transaction-remove transaction)))
(manifest-add (manifest-remove manifest remove)
install)))
;;;
;;; Profiles.
;;;
(define (manifest-inputs manifest)
"Return a list of <gexp-input> objects for MANIFEST."
(append-map (match-lambda
(($ <manifest-entry> name version output thing deps)
;; THING may be a package or a file name. In the latter case,
;; assume it's already valid. Ditto for DEPS.
(cons (gexp-input thing output) deps)))
(manifest-entries manifest)))
(define (info-dir-file manifest)
"Return a derivation that builds the 'dir' file for all the entries of
MANIFEST."
(define texinfo ;lazy reference
(module-ref (resolve-interface '(gnu packages texinfo)) 'texinfo))
(define gzip ;lazy reference
(module-ref (resolve-interface '(gnu packages compression)) 'gzip))
(define build
#~(begin
(use-modules (guix build utils)
(srfi srfi-1) (srfi srfi-26)
(ice-9 ftw))
(define (info-file? file)
(or (string-suffix? ".info" file)
(string-suffix? ".info.gz" file)))
(define (info-files top)
(let ((infodir (string-append top "/share/info")))
(map (cut string-append infodir "/" <>)
(or (scandir infodir info-file?) '()))))
(define (install-info info)
(setenv "PATH" (string-append #+gzip "/bin")) ;for info.gz files
(zero?
(system* (string-append #+texinfo "/bin/install-info")
info (string-append #$output "/share/info/dir"))))
(mkdir-p (string-append #$output "/share/info"))
(every install-info
(append-map info-files
'#$(manifest-inputs manifest)))))
;; Don't depend on Texinfo when there's nothing to do.
(if (null? (manifest-entries manifest))
(gexp->derivation "info-dir" #~(mkdir #$output))
(gexp->derivation "info-dir" build
#:modules '((guix build utils)))))
(define (ghc-package-cache-file manifest)
"Return a derivation that builds the GHC 'package.cache' file for all the
entries of MANIFEST."
(define ghc ;lazy reference
(module-ref (resolve-interface '(gnu packages haskell)) 'ghc))
(define build
#~(begin
(use-modules (guix build utils)
(srfi srfi-1) (srfi srfi-26)
(ice-9 ftw))
(define ghc-name-version
(let* ((base (basename #+ghc)))
(string-drop base
(+ 1 (string-index base #\-)))))
(define db-subdir
(string-append "lib/" ghc-name-version "/package.conf.d"))
(define db-dir
(string-append #$output "/" db-subdir))
(define (conf-files top)
(find-files (string-append top "/" db-subdir) "\\.conf$"))
(define (copy-conf-file conf)
(let ((base (basename conf)))
(copy-file conf (string-append db-dir "/" base))))
(system* (string-append #+ghc "/bin/ghc-pkg") "init" db-dir)
(for-each copy-conf-file
(append-map conf-files
'#$(manifest-inputs manifest)))
(let ((success
(zero?
(system* (string-append #+ghc "/bin/ghc-pkg") "recache"
(string-append "--package-db=" db-dir)))))
(for-each delete-file (find-files db-dir "\\.conf$"))
success)))
;; Don't depend on GHC when there's nothing to do.
(if (any (cut string-prefix? "ghc" <>)
(map manifest-entry-name (manifest-entries manifest)))
(gexp->derivation "ghc-package-cache" build
#:modules '((guix build utils))
#:local-build? #t)
(gexp->derivation "ghc-package-cache" #~(mkdir #$output))))
(define (ca-certificate-bundle manifest)
"Return a derivation that builds a single-file bundle containing the CA
certificates in the /etc/ssl/certs sub-directories of the packages in
MANIFEST. Single-file bundles are required by programs such as Git and Lynx."
;; See <http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/guix-devel/2015-02/msg00429.html>
;; for a discussion.
(define glibc-utf8-locales ;lazy reference
(module-ref (resolve-interface '(gnu packages base)) 'glibc-utf8-locales))
(define build
#~(begin
(use-modules (guix build utils)
(rnrs io ports)
(srfi srfi-1)
(srfi srfi-26)
(ice-9 ftw))
(define (pem-file? file)
(string-suffix? ".pem" file))
(define (ca-files top)
(let ((cert-dir (string-append top "/etc/ssl/certs")))
(map (cut string-append cert-dir "/" <>)
(or (scandir cert-dir pem-file?) '()))))
(define (concatenate-files files result)
"Make RESULT the concatenation of all of FILES."
(define (dump file port)
(display (call-with-input-file file get-string-all)
port)
(newline port)) ;required, see <https://bugs.debian.org/635570>
(call-with-output-file result
(lambda (port)
(for-each (cut dump <> port) files))))
;; Some file names in the NSS certificates are UTF-8 encoded so
;; install a UTF-8 locale.
(setenv "LOCPATH" (string-append #+glibc-utf8-locales "/lib/locale"))
(setlocale LC_ALL "en_US.UTF-8")
(let ((ca-files (append-map ca-files
'#$(manifest-inputs manifest)))
(result (string-append #$output "/etc/ssl/certs")))
(mkdir-p result)
(concatenate-files ca-files
(string-append result
"/ca-certificates.crt")))))
;; Don't depend on 'glibc-utf8-locales' and its dependencies when there's
;; nothing to do.
(if (null? (manifest-entries manifest))
(gexp->derivation "ca-certificate-bundle" #~(mkdir #$output))
(gexp->derivation "ca-certificate-bundle" build
#:modules '((guix build utils))
#:local-build? #t)))
(define* (profile-derivation manifest
#:key
(info-dir? #t)
(ghc-package-cache? #t)
(ca-certificate-bundle? #t))
"Return a derivation that builds a profile (aka. 'user environment') with
the given MANIFEST. The profile includes a top-level Info 'dir' file unless
INFO-DIR? is #f, a GHC 'package.cache' file unless GHC-PACKAGE-CACHE? is #f
and a single-file CA certificate bundle unless CA-CERTIFICATE-BUNDLE? is #f."
(mlet %store-monad ((info-dir (if info-dir?
(info-dir-file manifest)
(return #f)))
(ghc-package-cache (if ghc-package-cache?
(ghc-package-cache-file manifest)
(return #f)))
(ca-cert-bundle (if ca-certificate-bundle?
(ca-certificate-bundle manifest)
(return #f))))
(define inputs
(append (if info-dir
(list (gexp-input info-dir))
'())
(if ghc-package-cache
(list (gexp-input ghc-package-cache))
'())
(if ca-cert-bundle
(list (gexp-input ca-cert-bundle))
'())
(manifest-inputs manifest)))
(define builder
#~(begin
(use-modules (ice-9 pretty-print)
(guix build union))
(setvbuf (current-output-port) _IOLBF)
(setvbuf (current-error-port) _IOLBF)
(union-build #$output '#$inputs
#:log-port (%make-void-port "w"))
(call-with-output-file (string-append #$output "/manifest")
(lambda (p)
(pretty-print '#$(manifest->gexp manifest) p)))))
(gexp->derivation "profile" builder
#:modules '((guix build union))
#:local-build? #t)))
(define (profile-regexp profile)
"Return a regular expression that matches PROFILE's name and number."
(make-regexp (string-append "^" (regexp-quote (basename profile))
"-([0-9]+)")))
(define (generation-number profile)
"Return PROFILE's number or 0. An absolute file name must be used."
(or (and=> (false-if-exception (regexp-exec (profile-regexp profile)
(basename (readlink profile))))
(compose string->number (cut match:substring <> 1)))
0))
(define (generation-numbers profile)
"Return the sorted list of generation numbers of PROFILE, or '(0) if no
former profiles were found."
(define* (scandir name #:optional (select? (const #t))
(entry<? (@ (ice-9 i18n) string-locale<?)))
;; XXX: Bug-fix version introduced in Guile v2.0.6-62-g139ce19.
(define (enter? dir stat result)
(and stat (string=? dir name)))
(define (visit basename result)
(if (select? basename)
(cons basename result)
result))
(define (leaf name stat result)
(and result
(visit (basename name) result)))
(define (down name stat result)
(visit "." '()))
(define (up name stat result)
(visit ".." result))
(define (skip name stat result)
;; All the sub-directories are skipped.
(visit (basename name) result))
(define (error name* stat errno result)
(if (string=? name name*) ; top-level NAME is unreadable
result
(visit (basename name*) result)))
(and=> (file-system-fold enter? leaf down up skip error #f name lstat)
(lambda (files)
(sort files entry<?))))
(match (scandir (dirname profile)
(cute regexp-exec (profile-regexp profile) <>))
(#f ; no profile directory
'(0))
(() ; no profiles
'(0))
((profiles ...) ; former profiles around
(sort (map (compose string->number
(cut match:substring <> 1)
(cute regexp-exec (profile-regexp profile) <>))
profiles)
<))))
(define (profile-generations profile)
"Return a list of PROFILE's generations."
(let ((generations (generation-numbers profile)))
(if (equal? generations '(0))
'()
generations)))
(define* (relative-generation profile shift #:optional
(current (generation-number profile)))
"Return PROFILE's generation shifted from the CURRENT generation by SHIFT.
SHIFT is a positive or negative number.
Return #f if there is no such generation."
(let* ((abs-shift (abs shift))
(numbers (profile-generations profile))
(from-current (memq current
(if (negative? shift)
(reverse numbers)
numbers))))
(and from-current
(< abs-shift (length from-current))
(list-ref from-current abs-shift))))
(define* (previous-generation-number profile #:optional
(number (generation-number profile)))
"Return the number of the generation before generation NUMBER of
PROFILE, or 0 if none exists. It could be NUMBER - 1, but it's not the
case when generations have been deleted (there are \"holes\")."
(or (relative-generation profile -1 number)
0))
(define (generation-file-name profile generation)
"Return the file name for PROFILE's GENERATION."
(format #f "~a-~a-link" profile generation))
(define (generation-time profile number)
"Return the creation time of a generation in the UTC format."
(make-time time-utc 0
(stat:ctime (stat (generation-file-name profile number)))))
;;; profiles.scm ends here