Mirror of GNU Guix
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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2014 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (gnu build file-systems)
#:use-module (guix build utils)
#:use-module (rnrs io ports)
#:use-module (rnrs bytevectors)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 rdelim)
#:use-module (system foreign)
#:autoload (system repl repl) (start-repl)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:export (disk-partitions
partition-label-predicate
find-partition-by-label
canonicalize-device-spec
MS_RDONLY
MS_NOSUID
MS_NODEV
MS_NOEXEC
MS_BIND
MS_MOVE
bind-mount
mount-flags->bit-mask
check-file-system
mount-file-system))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; This modules provides tools to deal with disk partitions, and to mount and
;;; check file systems.
;;;
;;; Code:
;; Linux mount flags, from libc's <sys/mount.h>.
(define MS_RDONLY 1)
(define MS_NOSUID 2)
(define MS_NODEV 4)
(define MS_NOEXEC 8)
(define MS_BIND 4096)
(define MS_MOVE 8192)
(define (bind-mount source target)
"Bind-mount SOURCE at TARGET."
(mount source target "" MS_BIND))
(define-syntax %ext2-endianness
;; Endianness of ext2 file systems.
(identifier-syntax (endianness little)))
;; Offset in bytes of interesting parts of an ext2 superblock. See
;; <http://www.nongnu.org/ext2-doc/ext2.html#DEF-SUPERBLOCK>.
;; TODO: Use "packed structs" from Guile-OpenGL or similar.
(define-syntax %ext2-sblock-magic (identifier-syntax 56))
(define-syntax %ext2-sblock-creator-os (identifier-syntax 72))
(define-syntax %ext2-sblock-uuid (identifier-syntax 104))
(define-syntax %ext2-sblock-volume-name (identifier-syntax 120))
(define (read-ext2-superblock device)
"Return the raw contents of DEVICE's ext2 superblock as a bytevector, or #f
if DEVICE does not contain an ext2 file system."
(define %ext2-magic
;; The magic bytes that identify an ext2 file system.
#xef53)
(define superblock-size
;; Size of the interesting part of an ext2 superblock.
264)
(define block
;; The superblock contents.
(make-bytevector superblock-size))
(call-with-input-file device
(lambda (port)
(seek port 1024 SEEK_SET)
;; Note: work around <http://bugs.gnu.org/17466>.
(and (eqv? superblock-size (get-bytevector-n! port block 0
superblock-size))
(let ((magic (bytevector-u16-ref block %ext2-sblock-magic
%ext2-endianness)))
(and (= magic %ext2-magic)
block))))))
(define (ext2-superblock-uuid sblock)
"Return the UUID of ext2 superblock SBLOCK as a 16-byte bytevector."
(let ((uuid (make-bytevector 16)))
(bytevector-copy! sblock %ext2-sblock-uuid uuid 0 16)
uuid))
(define (ext2-superblock-volume-name sblock)
"Return the volume name of SBLOCK as a string of at most 16 characters, or
#f if SBLOCK has no volume name."
(let ((bv (make-bytevector 16)))
(bytevector-copy! sblock %ext2-sblock-volume-name bv 0 16)
;; This is a Latin-1, nul-terminated string.
(let ((bytes (take-while (negate zero?) (bytevector->u8-list bv))))
(if (null? bytes)
#f
(list->string (map integer->char bytes))))))
(define (disk-partitions)
"Return the list of device names corresponding to valid disk partitions."
(define (partition? major minor)
(let ((marker (format #f "/sys/dev/block/~a:~a/partition" major minor)))
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(not (zero? (call-with-input-file marker read))))
(lambda args
(if (= ENOENT (system-error-errno args))
#f
(apply throw args))))))
(call-with-input-file "/proc/partitions"
(lambda (port)
;; Skip the two header lines.
(read-line port)
(read-line port)
;; Read each subsequent line, and extract the last space-separated
;; field.
(let loop ((parts '()))
(let ((line (read-line port)))
(if (eof-object? line)
(reverse parts)
(match (string-tokenize line)
(((= string->number major) (= string->number minor)
blocks name)
(if (partition? major minor)
(loop (cons name parts))
(loop parts))))))))))
(define (partition-label-predicate label)
"Return a procedure that, when applied to a partition name such as \"sda1\",
return #t if that partition's volume name is LABEL."
(lambda (part)
(let* ((device (string-append "/dev/" part))
(sblock (catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(read-ext2-superblock device))
(lambda args
;; When running on the hand-made /dev,
;; 'disk-partitions' could return partitions for which
;; we have no /dev node. Handle that gracefully.
(if (= ENOENT (system-error-errno args))
(begin
(format (current-error-port)
"warning: device '~a' not found~%"
device)
#f)
(apply throw args))))))
(and sblock
(let ((volume (ext2-superblock-volume-name sblock)))
(and volume
(string=? volume label)))))))
(define (find-partition-by-label label)
"Return the first partition found whose volume name is LABEL, or #f if none
were found."
(and=> (find (partition-label-predicate label)
(disk-partitions))
(cut string-append "/dev/" <>)))
(define* (canonicalize-device-spec spec #:optional (title 'any))
"Return the device name corresponding to SPEC. TITLE is a symbol, one of
the following:
• 'device', in which case SPEC is known to designate a device node--e.g.,
\"/dev/sda1\";
• 'label', in which case SPEC is known to designate a partition label--e.g.,
\"my-root-part\";
• 'any', in which case SPEC can be anything.
"
(define max-trials
;; Number of times we retry partition label resolution, 1 second per
;; trial. Note: somebody reported a delay of 16 seconds (!) before their
;; USB key would be detected by the kernel, so we must wait for at least
;; this long.
20)
(define canonical-title
;; The realm of canonicalization.
(if (eq? title 'any)
(if (string-prefix? "/" spec)
'device
'label)
title))
(case canonical-title
((device)
;; Nothing to do.
spec)
((label)
;; Resolve the label.
(let loop ((count 0))
(let ((device (find-partition-by-label spec)))
(or device
;; Some devices take a bit of time to appear, most notably USB
;; storage devices. Thus, wait for the device to appear.
(if (> count max-trials)
(error "failed to resolve partition label" spec)
(begin
(format #t "waiting for partition '~a' to appear...~%"
spec)
(sleep 1)
(loop (+ 1 count))))))))
;; TODO: Add support for UUIDs.
(else
(error "unknown device title" title))))
(define (check-file-system device type)
"Run a file system check of TYPE on DEVICE."
(define fsck
(string-append "fsck." type))
(let ((status (system* fsck "-v" "-p" device)))
(match (status:exit-val status)
(0
#t)
(1
(format (current-error-port) "'~a' corrected errors on ~a; continuing~%"
fsck device))
(2
(format (current-error-port) "'~a' corrected errors on ~a; rebooting~%"
fsck device)
(sleep 3)
(reboot))
(code
(format (current-error-port) "'~a' exited with code ~a on ~a; spawning REPL~%"
fsck code device)
(start-repl)))))
(define (mount-flags->bit-mask flags)
"Return the number suitable for the 'flags' argument of 'mount' that
corresponds to the symbols listed in FLAGS."
(let loop ((flags flags))
(match flags
(('read-only rest ...)
(logior MS_RDONLY (loop rest)))
(('bind-mount rest ...)
(logior MS_BIND (loop rest)))
(('no-suid rest ...)
(logior MS_NOSUID (loop rest)))
(('no-dev rest ...)
(logior MS_NODEV (loop rest)))
(('no-exec rest ...)
(logior MS_NOEXEC (loop rest)))
(()
0))))
(define* (mount-file-system spec #:key (root "/root"))
"Mount the file system described by SPEC under ROOT. SPEC must have the
form:
(DEVICE TITLE MOUNT-POINT TYPE (FLAGS ...) OPTIONS CHECK?)
DEVICE, MOUNT-POINT, and TYPE must be strings; OPTIONS can be a string or #f;
FLAGS must be a list of symbols. CHECK? is a Boolean indicating whether to
run a file system check."
(match spec
((source title mount-point type (flags ...) options check?)
(let ((source (canonicalize-device-spec source title))
(mount-point (string-append root "/" mount-point)))
(when check?
(check-file-system source type))
(mkdir-p mount-point)
(mount source mount-point type (mount-flags->bit-mask flags)
(if options
(string->pointer options)
%null-pointer))
;; Update /etc/mtab.
(mkdir-p (string-append root "/etc"))
(let ((port (open-file (string-append root "/etc/mtab") "a")))
(format port "~a ~a ~a ~a 0 0~%"
source mount-point type (or options ""))
(close-port port))))))
;;; file-systems.scm ends here