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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2015 Mark H Weaver <mhw@netris.org>
;;; Copyright © 2015 Alex Kost <alezost@gmail.com>
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (gnu system)
#:use-module (guix store)
#:use-module (guix monads)
#:use-module (guix gexp)
#:use-module (guix records)
#:use-module (guix packages)
#:use-module (guix derivations)
#:use-module (guix profiles)
#:use-module (guix ui)
#:use-module (gnu packages base)
#:use-module (gnu packages bash)
#:use-module (gnu packages guile)
#:use-module (gnu packages admin)
#:use-module (gnu packages linux)
#:use-module (gnu packages pciutils)
#:use-module (gnu packages package-management)
#:use-module (gnu packages less)
#:use-module (gnu packages zile)
#:use-module (gnu packages nano)
#:use-module (gnu packages lsof)
#:use-module (gnu packages gawk)
#:use-module (gnu packages man)
#:use-module (gnu packages compression)
#:use-module (gnu packages firmware)
#:autoload (gnu packages cryptsetup) (cryptsetup)
#:use-module (gnu services)
#:use-module (gnu services dmd)
#:use-module (gnu services base)
#:use-module (gnu system grub)
#:use-module (gnu system shadow)
#:use-module (gnu system nss)
#:use-module (gnu system locale)
#:use-module (gnu system pam)
#:use-module (gnu system linux-initrd)
#:use-module (gnu system file-systems)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
#:export (operating-system
;;; Commentary:
;;; This module supports whole-system configuration.
;;; Code:
;; System-wide configuration.
;; TODO: Add per-field docstrings/stexi.
(define-record-type* <operating-system> operating-system
(kernel operating-system-kernel ; package
(default linux-libre))
(kernel-arguments operating-system-kernel-arguments
(default '())) ; list of gexps/strings
(bootloader operating-system-bootloader) ; <grub-configuration>
(initrd operating-system-initrd ; (list fs) -> M derivation
(default base-initrd))
(firmware operating-system-firmware ; list of packages
(default %base-firmware))
(host-name operating-system-host-name) ; string
(hosts-file operating-system-hosts-file ; file-like | #f
(default #f))
(mapped-devices operating-system-mapped-devices ; list of <mapped-device>
(default '()))
(file-systems operating-system-file-systems) ; list of fs
(swap-devices operating-system-swap-devices ; list of strings
(default '()))
(users operating-system-users ; list of user accounts
(default %base-user-accounts))
(groups operating-system-groups ; list of user groups
(default %base-groups))
(skeletons operating-system-skeletons ; list of name/monadic value
(default (default-skeletons)))
(issue operating-system-issue ; string
(default %default-issue))
(packages operating-system-packages ; list of (PACKAGE OUTPUT...)
(default %base-packages)) ; or just PACKAGE
(timezone operating-system-timezone) ; string
(locale operating-system-locale ; string
(default "en_US.utf8"))
(locale-definitions operating-system-locale-definitions ; list of <locale-definition>
(default %default-locale-definitions))
(locale-libcs operating-system-locale-libcs ; list of <packages>
(default %default-locale-libcs))
(name-service-switch operating-system-name-service-switch ; <name-service-switch>
(default %default-nss))
(services operating-system-user-services ; list of monadic services
(default %base-services))
(pam-services operating-system-pam-services ; list of PAM services
(default (base-pam-services)))
(setuid-programs operating-system-setuid-programs
(default %setuid-programs)) ; list of string-valued gexps
(sudoers-file operating-system-sudoers-file ; file-like
(default %sudoers-specification)))
;;; Services.
(define (open-luks-device source target)
"Return a gexp that maps SOURCE to TARGET as a LUKS device, using
#~(zero? (system* (string-append #$cryptsetup "/sbin/cryptsetup")
"open" "--type" "luks"
#$source #$target)))
(define (close-luks-device source target)
"Return a gexp that closes TARGET, a LUKS device."
#~(zero? (system* (string-append #$cryptsetup "/sbin/cryptsetup")
"close" #$target)))
(define luks-device-mapping
;; The type of LUKS mapped devices.
(open open-luks-device)
(close close-luks-device)))
(define (other-file-system-services os)
"Return file system services for the file systems of OS that are not marked
as 'needed-for-boot'."
(define file-systems
(remove file-system-needed-for-boot?
(operating-system-file-systems os)))
(define (device-mappings fs)
(let ((device (file-system-device fs)))
(if (string? device) ;title is 'device
(filter (lambda (md)
(string=? (string-append "/dev/mapper/"
(mapped-device-target md))
(operating-system-mapped-devices os))
(define (add-dependencies fs)
;; Add the dependencies due to device mappings to FS.
(inherit fs)
(delete-duplicates (append (device-mappings fs)
(file-system-dependencies fs))
(map (compose file-system-service add-dependencies) file-systems))
(define (mapped-device-user device file-systems)
"Return a file system among FILE-SYSTEMS that uses DEVICE, or #f."
(let ((target (string-append "/dev/mapper/" (mapped-device-target device))))
(find (lambda (fs)
(and (eq? 'device (file-system-title fs))
(string=? (file-system-device fs) target)))
(define (operating-system-user-mapped-devices os)
"Return the subset of mapped devices that can be installed in
user-land--i.e., those not needed during boot."
(let ((devices (operating-system-mapped-devices os))
(file-systems (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(filter (lambda (md)
(let ((user (mapped-device-user md file-systems)))
(or (not user)
(not (file-system-needed-for-boot? user)))))
(define (operating-system-boot-mapped-devices os)
"Return the subset of mapped devices that must be installed during boot,
from the initrd."
(let ((devices (operating-system-mapped-devices os))
(file-systems (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(filter (lambda (md)
(let ((user (mapped-device-user md file-systems)))
(and user (file-system-needed-for-boot? user))))
(define (device-mapping-services os)
"Return the list of device-mapping services for OS as a list."
(map (lambda (md)
(let* ((source (mapped-device-source md))
(target (mapped-device-target md))
(type (mapped-device-type md))
(open (mapped-device-kind-open type))
(close (mapped-device-kind-close type)))
(device-mapping-service target
(open source target)
(close source target))))
(operating-system-user-mapped-devices os)))
(define (swap-services os)
"Return the list of swap services for OS."
(map swap-service (operating-system-swap-devices os)))
(define* (operating-system-directory-base-entries os #:key container?)
"Return the basic entries of the 'system' directory of OS for use as the
value of the SYSTEM-SERVICE-TYPE service."
(mlet %store-monad ((locale (operating-system-locale-directory os)))
(if container?
(return `(("locale" ,locale)))
(mlet %store-monad
((kernel -> (operating-system-kernel os))
(initrd (operating-system-initrd-file os))
(params (operating-system-parameters-file os)))
(return `(("kernel" ,kernel)
("parameters" ,params)
("initrd" ,initrd)
("locale" ,locale))))))) ;used by libc
(define* (essential-services os #:key container?)
"Return the list of essential services for OS. These are special services
that implement part of what's declared in OS are responsible for low-level
bookkeeping. CONTAINER? determines whether to return the list of services for
a container or that of a \"bare metal\" system."
(define known-fs
(map file-system-mount-point (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(let* ((mappings (device-mapping-services os))
(root-fs (root-file-system-service))
(other-fs (other-file-system-services os))
(unmount (user-unmount-service known-fs))
(swaps (swap-services os))
(procs (user-processes-service
(map service-parameters other-fs)))
(host-name (host-name-service (operating-system-host-name os)))
(entries (operating-system-directory-base-entries
os #:container? container?)))
(cons* (service system-service-type entries)
;; %DMD-ROOT-SERVICE must come first so that the gexp that execs
;; dmd comes last in the boot script (XXX). Likewise, the cleanup
;; service must come last so that its gexp runs before activation
;; code.
(service cleanup-service-type #f)
(pam-root-service (operating-system-pam-services os))
(account-service (append (operating-system-accounts os)
(operating-system-groups os))
(operating-system-skeletons os))
(operating-system-etc-service os)
(service fstab-service-type '())
(operating-system-environment-variables os))
host-name procs root-fs unmount
(service setuid-program-service-type
(operating-system-setuid-programs os))
(service profile-service-type
(operating-system-packages os))
(append other-fs mappings swaps
;; Add the firmware service, unless we are building for a
;; container.
(if container?
(list %linux-bare-metal-service
(service firmware-service-type
(operating-system-firmware os))))))))
(define* (operating-system-services os #:key container?)
"Return all the services of OS, including \"internal\" services that do not
explicitly appear in OS."
(append (operating-system-user-services os)
(essential-services os #:container? container?)))
;;; /etc.
(define %base-firmware
;; Firmware usable by default.
(list ath9k-htc-firmware))
(define %base-packages
;; Default set of packages globally visible. It should include anything
;; required for basic administrator tasks.
(cons* procps psmisc which less zile nano
(@ (gnu packages admin) dmd) guix
lsof ;for Guix's 'list-runtime-roots'
pciutils usbutils
util-linux inetutils isc-dhcp
;; wireless-tools is deprecated in favor of iw, but it's still what
;; many people are familiar with, so keep it around.
iw wireless-tools
net-tools ; XXX: remove when Inetutils suffices
;; The 'sudo' command is already in %SETUID-PROGRAMS, but we also
;; want the other commands and the man pages (notably because
;; auto-completion in Emacs shell relies on man pages.)
;; Get 'insmod' & co. from kmod, not module-init-tools, since udev
;; already depends on it anyway.
kmod eudev
e2fsprogs kbd
;; The packages below are also in %FINAL-INPUTS, so take them from
;; there to avoid duplication.
(map canonical-package
(list guile-2.0 bash coreutils findutils grep sed
diffutils patch gawk tar gzip bzip2 xz lzip))))
(define %default-issue
;; Default contents for /etc/issue.
This is the GNU system. Welcome.\n")
(define (local-host-aliases host-name)
"Return aliases for HOST-NAME, to be used in /etc/hosts."
(string-append " localhost " host-name "\n"
"::1 localhost " host-name "\n"))
(define (default-/etc/hosts host-name)
"Return the default /etc/hosts file."
(plain-file "hosts" (local-host-aliases host-name)))
(define (emacs-site-file)
"Return the Emacs 'site-start.el' file. That file contains the necessary
settings for 'guix.el' to work out-of-the-box."
(scheme-file "site-start.el"
;; Add the "normal" elisp directory to the search path;
;; guix.el may be there.
;; Attempt to load guix.el.
(require 'guix-init nil t)
;; Attempt to load geiser.
(require 'geiser-install nil t))))
(define (emacs-site-directory)
"Return the Emacs site directory, aka. /etc/emacs."
(computed-file "emacs"
(mkdir #$output)
(chdir #$output)
(symlink #$(emacs-site-file) "site-start.el"))))
(define* (operating-system-etc-service os)
"Return a <service> that builds containing the static part of the /etc
(let ((login.defs (plain-file "login.defs" "# Empty for now.\n"))
(emacs (emacs-site-directory))
(issue (plain-file "issue" (operating-system-issue os)))
(nsswitch (plain-file "nsswitch.conf"
(operating-system-name-service-switch os))))
;; Startup file for POSIX-compliant login shells, which set system-wide
;; environment variables.
(profile (mixed-text-file "profile" "\
# Crucial variables that could be missing in the profiles' 'etc/profile'
# because they would require combining both profiles.
# FIXME: See <http://bugs.gnu.org/20255>.
export MANPATH=$HOME/.guix-profile/share/man:/run/current-system/profile/share/man
export INFOPATH=$HOME/.guix-profile/share/info:/run/current-system/profile/share/info
export XDG_DATA_DIRS=$HOME/.guix-profile/share:/run/current-system/profile/share
export XDG_CONFIG_DIRS=$HOME/.guix-profile/etc/xdg:/run/current-system/profile/etc/xdg
# Ignore the default value of 'PATH'.
unset PATH
# Load the system profile's settings.
GUIX_PROFILE=/run/current-system/profile \\
. /run/current-system/profile/etc/profile
# Prepend setuid programs.
export PATH=/run/setuid-programs:$PATH
if [ -f \"$HOME/.guix-profile/etc/profile\" ]
# Load the user profile's settings.
GUIX_PROFILE=\"$HOME/.guix-profile\" \\
. \"$HOME/.guix-profile/etc/profile\"
# At least define this one so that basic things just work
# when the user installs their first package.
export PATH=\"$HOME/.guix-profile/bin:$PATH\"
# Allow Aspell to find dictionaries installed in the user profile.
export ASPELL_CONF=\"dict-dir $HOME/.guix-profile/lib/aspell\"
# Allow GStreamer-based applications to find plugins.
export GST_PLUGIN_PATH=\"$HOME/.guix-profile/lib/gstreamer-1.0\"
if [ -n \"$BASH_VERSION\" -a -f /etc/bashrc ]
# Load Bash-specific initialization code.
. /etc/bashrc
(bashrc (plain-file "bashrc" "\
# Bash-specific initialization.
# The 'bash-completion' package.
if [ -f /run/current-system/profile/etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh ]
# Bash-completion sources ~/.bash_completion. It installs a dynamic
# completion loader that searches its own completion files as well
# as those in ~/.guix-profile and /run/current-system/profile.
source /run/current-system/profile/etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh
`(("services" ,#~(string-append #$net-base "/etc/services"))
("protocols" ,#~(string-append #$net-base "/etc/protocols"))
("rpc" ,#~(string-append #$net-base "/etc/rpc"))
("emacs" ,#~#$emacs)
("login.defs" ,#~#$login.defs)
("issue" ,#~#$issue)
("nsswitch.conf" ,#~#$nsswitch)
("profile" ,#~#$profile)
("bashrc" ,#~#$bashrc)
("hosts" ,#~#$(or (operating-system-hosts-file os)
(default-/etc/hosts (operating-system-host-name os))))
("localtime" ,#~(string-append #$tzdata "/share/zoneinfo/"
#$(operating-system-timezone os)))
("sudoers" ,(operating-system-sudoers-file os))))))
(define %root-account
;; Default root account.
(name "root")
(password "")
(uid 0) (group "root")
(comment "System administrator")
(home-directory "/root")))
(define (operating-system-accounts os)
"Return the user accounts for OS, including an obligatory 'root' account,
and excluding accounts requested by services."
;; Make sure there's a root account.
(if (find (lambda (user)
(and=> (user-account-uid user) zero?))
(operating-system-users os))
(operating-system-users os)
(cons %root-account (operating-system-users os))))
(define (maybe-string->file file-name thing)
"If THING is a string, return a <plain-file> with THING as its content.
Otherwise just return THING.
This is for backward-compatibility of fields that used to be strings and are
now file-like objects.."
(match thing
((? string?)
(warning (_ "using a string for file '~a' is deprecated; \
use 'plain-file' instead~%")
(plain-file file-name thing))
(define (maybe-file->monadic file-name thing)
"If THING is a value in %STORE-MONAD, return it as is; otherwise return
This is for backward-compatibility of fields that used to be monadic values
and are now file-like objects."
(with-monad %store-monad
(match thing
((? procedure?)
(warning (_ "using a monadic value for '~a' is deprecated; \
use 'plain-file' instead~%")
(return x)))))
(define (operating-system-etc-directory os)
"Return that static part of the /etc directory of OS."
(fold-services (operating-system-services os)
#:target-type etc-service-type)))
(define (operating-system-environment-variables os)
"Return the environment variables of OS for
@var{session-environment-service-type}, to be used in @file{/etc/environment}."
`(("LANG" . ,(operating-system-locale os))
("TZ" . ,(operating-system-timezone os))
("TZDIR" . ,#~(string-append #$tzdata "/share/zoneinfo"))
;; Tell 'modprobe' & co. where to look for modules.
("LINUX_MODULE_DIRECTORY" . "/run/booted-system/kernel/lib/modules")
;; These variables are honored by OpenSSL (libssl) and Git.
("SSL_CERT_DIR" . "/etc/ssl/certs")
("SSL_CERT_FILE" . "/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt")
("GIT_SSL_CAINFO" . "/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt")
;; Append the directory of 'site-start.el' to the search path.
("EMACSLOADPATH" . ":/etc/emacs")
;; By default, applications that use D-Bus, such as Emacs, abort at startup
;; when /etc/machine-id is missing. Make sure these warnings are non-fatal.
(define %setuid-programs
;; Default set of setuid-root programs.
(let ((shadow (@ (gnu packages admin) shadow)))
(list #~(string-append #$shadow "/bin/passwd")
#~(string-append #$shadow "/bin/su")
#~(string-append #$inetutils "/bin/ping")
#~(string-append #$inetutils "/bin/ping6")
#~(string-append #$sudo "/bin/sudo")
#~(string-append #$fuse "/bin/fusermount"))))
(define %sudoers-specification
;; Default /etc/sudoers contents: 'root' and all members of the 'wheel'
;; group can do anything. See
;; <http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/man/1.8.10/sudoers.man.html>.
;; TODO: Add a declarative API.
(plain-file "sudoers" "\
root ALL=(ALL) ALL
%wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL\n"))
(define* (operating-system-activation-script os #:key container?)
"Return the activation script for OS---i.e., the code that \"activates\" the
stateful part of OS, including user accounts and groups, special directories,
(let* ((services (operating-system-services os #:container? container?))
(activation (fold-services services
#:target-type activation-service-type)))
(activation-service->script activation)))
(define* (operating-system-boot-script os #:key container?)
"Return the boot script for OS---i.e., the code started by the initrd once
we're running in the final root. When CONTAINER? is true, skip all
hardware-related operations as necessary when booting a Linux container."
(let* ((services (operating-system-services os #:container? container?))
(boot (fold-services services #:target-type boot-service-type)))
;; BOOT is the script as a monadic value.
(service-parameters boot)))
(define* (operating-system-derivation os #:key container?)
"Return a derivation that builds OS."
(let* ((services (operating-system-services os #:container? container?))
(system (fold-services services)))
;; SYSTEM contains the derivation as a monadic value.
(service-parameters system)))
(define* (operating-system-profile os #:key container?)
"Return a derivation that builds the system profile of OS."
(mlet* %store-monad
((services -> (operating-system-services os #:container? container?))
(profile (fold-services services
#:target-type profile-service-type)))
(match profile
(("profile" profile)
(return profile)))))
(define (operating-system-root-file-system os)
"Return the root file system of OS."
(find (match-lambda
(($ <file-system> _ _ "/") #t)
(_ #f))
(operating-system-file-systems os)))
(define (operating-system-initrd-file os)
"Return a gexp denoting the initrd file of OS."
(define boot-file-systems
(filter file-system-needed-for-boot?
(operating-system-file-systems os)))
(define mapped-devices
(operating-system-boot-mapped-devices os))
(define make-initrd
(operating-system-initrd os))
(mlet %store-monad ((initrd (make-initrd boot-file-systems
#:linux (operating-system-kernel os)
#:mapped-devices mapped-devices)))
(return #~(string-append #$initrd "/initrd"))))
(define (operating-system-locale-directory os)
"Return the directory containing the locales compiled for the definitions
listed in OS. The C library expects to find it under
;; While we're at it, check whether the locale of OS is defined.
(unless (member (operating-system-locale os)
(map locale-definition-name
(operating-system-locale-definitions os)))
(raise (condition
(&message (message "system locale lacks a definition")))))
(locale-directory (operating-system-locale-definitions os)
#:libcs (operating-system-locale-libcs os)))
(define (kernel->grub-label kernel)
"Return a label for the GRUB menu entry that boots KERNEL."
(string-append "GNU with "
(string-titlecase (package-name kernel)) " "
(package-version kernel)
" (alpha)"))
(define* (operating-system-grub.cfg os #:optional (old-entries '()))
"Return the GRUB configuration file for OS. Use OLD-ENTRIES to populate the
\"old entries\" menu."
(mlet* %store-monad
((system (operating-system-derivation os))
(root-fs -> (operating-system-root-file-system os))
(kernel -> (operating-system-kernel os))
(root-device -> (if (eq? 'uuid (file-system-title root-fs))
(uuid->string (file-system-device root-fs))
(file-system-device root-fs)))
(entries -> (list (menu-entry
(label (kernel->grub-label kernel))
(linux kernel)
(cons* (string-append "--root=" root-device)
#~(string-append "--system=" #$system)
#~(string-append "--load=" #$system
(operating-system-kernel-arguments os)))
(initrd #~(string-append #$system "/initrd"))))))
(grub-configuration-file (operating-system-bootloader os) entries
#:old-entries old-entries)))
(define (operating-system-parameters-file os)
"Return a file that describes the boot parameters of OS. The primary use of
this file is the reconstruction of GRUB menu entries for old configurations."
(mlet %store-monad ((initrd (operating-system-initrd-file os))
(root -> (operating-system-root-file-system os))
(label -> (kernel->grub-label
(operating-system-kernel os))))
(gexp->file "parameters"
#~(boot-parameters (version 0)
(label #$label)
(root-device #$(file-system-device root))
(kernel #$(operating-system-kernel os))
#$(operating-system-kernel-arguments os))
(initrd #$initrd)))))
;;; system.scm ends here