Mirror of GNU Guix
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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (gnu services base)
#:use-module ((guix store)
#:select (%store-prefix))
#:use-module (gnu services)
#:use-module (gnu services networking)
#:use-module (gnu system shadow) ; 'user-account', etc.
#:use-module (gnu system linux) ; 'pam-service', etc.
#:use-module (gnu packages admin)
#:use-module ((gnu packages linux)
#:select (udev kbd e2fsprogs))
#:use-module ((gnu packages base)
#:select (canonical-package glibc))
#:use-module (gnu packages package-management)
#:use-module ((guix build linux-initrd)
#:select (mount-flags->bit-mask))
#:use-module (guix gexp)
#:use-module (guix monads)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (ice-9 format)
#:export (root-file-system-service
;;; Commentary:
;;; Base system services---i.e., services that 99% of the users will want to
;;; use.
;;; Code:
(define (root-file-system-service)
"Return a service whose sole purpose is to re-mount read-only the root file
system upon shutdown (aka. cleanly \"umounting\" root.)
This service must be the root of the service dependency graph so that its
'stop' action is invoked when dmd is the only process left."
(with-monad %store-monad
(documentation "Take care of the root file system.")
(provision '(root-file-system))
(start #~(const #t))
(stop #~(lambda _
;; Return #f if successfully stopped.
(lambda ()
(let ((null (%make-void-port "w")))
;; Close 'dmd.log'.
(display "closing log\n")
;; XXX: Ideally we'd use 'stop-logging', but that one
;; doesn't actually close the port as of dmd 0.1.
(close-port (@@ (dmd comm) log-output-port))
(set! (@@ (dmd comm) log-output-port) null)
;; Redirect the default output ports..
(set-current-output-port null)
(set-current-error-port null)
;; Close /dev/console.
(for-each close-fdes '(0 1 2))
;; At this point, there are no open files left, so the
;; root file system can be re-mounted read-only.
(mount #f "/" #f
#:update-mtab? #f)
(respawn? #f)))))
(define* (file-system-service device target type
#:key (flags '()) (check? #t)
create-mount-point? options (title 'any))
"Return a service that mounts DEVICE on TARGET as a file system TYPE with
OPTIONS. TITLE is a symbol specifying what kind of name DEVICE is: 'label for
a partition label, 'device for a device file name, or 'any. When CHECK? is
true, check the file system before mounting it. When CREATE-MOUNT-POINT? is
true, create TARGET if it does not exist yet. FLAGS is a list of symbols,
such as 'read-only' etc."
(with-monad %store-monad
(provision (list (symbol-append 'file-system- (string->symbol target))))
(requirement '(root-file-system))
(documentation "Check, mount, and unmount the given file system.")
(start #~(lambda args
(let ((device (canonicalize-device-spec #$device '#$title)))
#$(if create-mount-point?
#~(mkdir-p #$target)
#$(if check?
;; Make sure fsck.ext2 & co. can be found.
(setenv "PATH"
#$e2fsprogs "/sbin:"
(getenv "PATH")))
(check-file-system device #$type))
(mount device #$target #$type
#$(mount-flags->bit-mask flags)
(stop #~(lambda args
;; Normally there are no processes left at this point, so
;; TARGET can be safely unmounted.
(umount #$target)
(define %do-not-kill-file
;; Name of the file listing PIDs of processes that must survive when halting
;; the system. Typical example is user-space file systems.
(define* (user-processes-service requirements #:key (grace-delay 2))
"Return the service that is responsible for terminating all the processes so
that the root file system can be re-mounted read-only, just before
rebooting/halting. Processes still running GRACE-DELAY seconds after SIGTERM
has been sent are terminated with SIGKILL.
The returned service will depend on 'root-file-system' and on all the services
All the services that spawn processes must depend on this one so that they are
stopped before 'kill' is called."
(with-monad %store-monad
(return (service
(documentation "When stopped, terminate all user processes.")
(provision '(user-processes))
(requirement (cons 'root-file-system requirements))
(start #~(const #t))
(stop #~(lambda _
(define (kill-except omit signal)
;; Kill all the processes with SIGNAL except those
;; listed in OMIT and the current process.
(let ((omit (cons (getpid) omit)))
(for-each (lambda (pid)
(unless (memv pid omit)
(kill pid signal))))
(define omitted-pids
;; List of PIDs that must not be killed.
(if (file-exists? #$%do-not-kill-file)
(map string->number
(call-with-input-file #$%do-not-kill-file
(compose string-tokenize
(@ (ice-9 rdelim) read-string))))
;; When this happens, all the processes have been
;; killed, including 'deco', so DMD-OUTPUT-PORT and
;; thus CURRENT-OUTPUT-PORT are dangling.
(call-with-output-file "/dev/console"
(lambda (port)
(display "sending all processes the TERM signal\n"
(if (null? omitted-pids)
;; Easy: terminate all of them.
(kill -1 SIGTERM)
(sleep #$grace-delay)
(kill -1 SIGKILL))
;; Kill them all except OMITTED-PIDS. XXX: We
;; would like to (kill -1 SIGSTOP) to get a fixed
;; list of processes, like 'killall5' does, but
;; that seems unreliable.
(kill-except omitted-pids SIGTERM)
(sleep #$grace-delay)
(kill-except omitted-pids SIGKILL)
(delete-file #$%do-not-kill-file)))
(display "all processes have been terminated\n")
(respawn? #f)))))
(define (host-name-service name)
"Return a service that sets the host name to @var{name}."
(with-monad %store-monad
(return (service
(documentation "Initialize the machine's host name.")
(provision '(host-name))
(start #~(lambda _
(sethostname #$name)))
(respawn? #f)))))
(define (unicode-start tty)
"Return a gexp to start Unicode support on @var{tty}."
;; We have to run 'unicode_start' in a pipe so that when it invokes the
;; 'tty' command, that command returns TTY.
(let ((pid (primitive-fork)))
(case pid
(close-fdes 0)
(dup2 (open-fdes #$tty O_RDONLY) 0)
(close-fdes 1)
(dup2 (open-fdes #$tty O_WRONLY) 1)
(execl (string-append #$kbd "/bin/unicode_start")
(zero? (cdr (waitpid pid))))))))
(define* (console-font-service tty #:optional (font "LatGrkCyr-8x16"))
"Return a service that sets up Unicode support in @var{tty} and loads
@var{font} for that tty (fonts are per virtual console in Linux.)"
;; Note: 'LatGrkCyr-8x16' has the advantage of providing three common
;; scripts as well as glyphs for em dash, quotation marks, and other Unicode
;; codepoints notably found in the UTF-8 manual.
(let ((device (string-append "/dev/" tty)))
(with-monad %store-monad
(return (service
(documentation "Load a Unicode console font.")
(provision (list (symbol-append 'console-font-
(string->symbol tty))))
;; Start after mingetty has been started on TTY, otherwise the
;; settings are ignored.
(requirement (list (symbol-append 'term-
(string->symbol tty))))
(start #~(lambda _
(and #$(unicode-start device)
(system* (string-append #$kbd "/bin/setfont")
"-C" #$device #$font)))))
(stop #~(const #t))
(respawn? #f))))))
(define* (mingetty-service tty
(motd (text-file "motd" "Welcome.\n"))
;; Allow empty passwords by default so that
;; first-time users can log in when the 'root'
;; account has just been created.
(allow-empty-passwords? #t))
"Return a service to run mingetty on @var{tty}.
When @var{allow-empty-passwords?} is true, allow empty log-in password. When
@var{auto-login} is true, it must be a user name under which to log-in
automatically. @var{login-pause?} can be set to @code{#t} in conjunction with
@var{auto-login}, in which case the user will have to press a key before the
login shell is launched.
When true, @var{login-program} is a gexp or a monadic gexp denoting the name
of the log-in program (the default is the @code{login} program from the Shadow
tool suite.)
@var{motd} is a monadic value containing a text file to use as
the ``message of the day''."
(mlet %store-monad ((motd motd)
(login-program (cond ((gexp? login-program)
(return login-program))
((not login-program)
(return #f))
(documentation (string-append "Run mingetty on " tty "."))
(provision (list (symbol-append 'term- (string->symbol tty))))
;; Since the login prompt shows the host name, wait for the 'host-name'
;; service to be done.
(requirement '(user-processes host-name))
(start #~(make-forkexec-constructor
(list (string-append #$mingetty "/sbin/mingetty")
"--noclear" #$tty
#$@(if auto-login
#~("--autologin" #$auto-login)
#$@(if login-program
#~("--loginprog" #$login-program)
#$@(if login-pause?
(stop #~(make-kill-destructor))
;; Let 'login' be known to PAM. All the mingetty services will have
;; that PAM service, but that's fine because they're all identical and
;; duplicates are removed.
(list (unix-pam-service "login"
#:allow-empty-passwords? allow-empty-passwords?
#:motd motd)))))))
(define* (nscd-service #:key (glibc (canonical-package glibc)))
"Return a service that runs libc's name service cache daemon (nscd)."
(with-monad %store-monad
(return (service
(documentation "Run libc's name service cache daemon (nscd).")
(provision '(nscd))
(requirement '(user-processes))
(activate #~(begin
(use-modules (guix build utils))
(mkdir-p "/var/run/nscd")))
(start #~(make-forkexec-constructor
(list (string-append #$glibc "/sbin/nscd")
"-f" "/dev/null" "--foreground")))
(stop #~(make-kill-destructor))
(respawn? #f)))))
(define (syslog-service)
"Return a service that runs @code{syslogd} with reasonable default settings."
;; Snippet adapted from the GNU inetutils manual.
(define contents "
# Log all error messages, authentication messages of
# level notice or higher and anything of level err or
# higher to the console.
# Don't log private authentication messages!
*.alert;auth.notice;authpriv.none /dev/console
# Log anything (except mail) of level info or higher.
# Don't log private authentication messages!
*.info;mail.none;authpriv.none /var/log/messages
# Same, in a different place.
*.info;mail.none;authpriv.none /dev/tty12
# The authpriv file has restricted access.
authpriv.* /var/log/secure
# Log all the mail messages in one place.
mail.* /var/log/maillog
(mlet %store-monad
((syslog.conf (text-file "syslog.conf" contents)))
(documentation "Run the syslog daemon (syslogd).")
(provision '(syslogd))
(requirement '(user-processes))
(list (string-append #$inetutils "/libexec/syslogd")
"--no-detach" "--rcfile" #$syslog.conf)))
(stop #~(make-kill-destructor))))))
(define* (guix-build-accounts count #:key
(group "guixbuild")
(first-uid 30001)
(shadow shadow))
"Return a list of COUNT user accounts for Guix build users, with UIDs
starting at FIRST-UID, and under GID."
(with-monad %store-monad
(return (unfold (cut > <> count)
(lambda (n)
(name (format #f "guixbuilder~2,'0d" n))
(system? #t)
(uid (+ first-uid n -1))
(group group)
;; guix-daemon expects GROUP to be listed as a
;; supplementary group too:
;; <http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/bug-guix/2013-01/msg00239.html>.
(supplementary-groups (list group))
(comment (format #f "Guix Build User ~2d" n))
(home-directory "/var/empty")
(shell #~(string-append #$shadow "/sbin/nologin"))))
(define (hydra-key-authorization guix)
"Return a gexp with code to register the hydra.gnu.org public key with
#~(unless (file-exists? "/etc/guix/acl")
(let ((pid (primitive-fork)))
(case pid
(let* ((key (string-append #$guix
(port (open-file key "r0b")))
(format #t "registering public key '~a'...~%" key)
(close-port (current-input-port))
(dup port 0)
(execl (string-append #$guix "/bin/guix")
"guix" "archive" "--authorize")
(exit 1)))
(let ((status (cdr (waitpid pid))))
(unless (zero? status)
(format (current-error-port) "warning: \
failed to register hydra.gnu.org public key: ~a~%" status))))))))
(define* (guix-service #:key (guix guix) (builder-group "guixbuild")
(build-accounts 10) authorize-hydra-key?
(use-substitutes? #t)
(extra-options '()))
"Return a service that runs the build daemon from @var{guix}, and has
@var{build-accounts} user accounts available under @var{builder-group}.
When @var{authorize-hydra-key?} is true, the @code{hydra.gnu.org} public key
provided by @var{guix} is authorized upon activation, meaning that substitutes
from @code{hydra.gnu.org} are used by default.
If @var{use-substitutes?} is false, the daemon is run with
@option{--no-substitutes} (@pxref{Invoking guix-daemon,
Finally, @var{extra-options} is a list of additional command-line options
passed to @command{guix-daemon}."
(define activate
;; Assume that the store has BUILDER-GROUP as its group. We could
;; otherwise call 'chown' here, but the problem is that on a COW unionfs,
;; chown leads to an entire copy of the tree, which is a bad idea.
;; Optionally authorize hydra.gnu.org's key.
(and authorize-hydra-key?
(hydra-key-authorization guix)))
(mlet %store-monad ((accounts (guix-build-accounts build-accounts
#:group builder-group)))
(return (service
(provision '(guix-daemon))
(requirement '(user-processes))
(list (string-append #$guix "/bin/guix-daemon")
"--build-users-group" #$builder-group
#$@(if use-substitutes?
(stop #~(make-kill-destructor))
(user-accounts accounts)
(user-groups (list (user-group
(name builder-group)
(system? #t)
;; Use a fixed GID so that we can create the
;; store with the right owner.
(id 30000))))
(activate activate)))))
(define* (udev-service #:key (udev udev))
"Run @var{udev}, which populates the @file{/dev} directory dynamically."
(with-monad %store-monad
(return (service
(provision '(udev))
;; Udev needs /dev to be a 'devtmpfs' mount so that new device
;; nodes can be added: see
;; <http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/lfs/view/development/chapter07/udev.html>.
(requirement '(root-file-system))
(documentation "Populate the /dev directory, dynamically.")
(start #~(lambda ()
(define udevd
(string-append #$udev "/libexec/udev/udevd"))
(define (wait-for-udevd)
;; Wait until someone's listening on udevd's control
;; socket.
(let ((sock (socket AF_UNIX SOCK_SEQPACKET 0)))
(let try ()
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(connect sock PF_UNIX "/run/udev/control")
(close-port sock))
(lambda args
(format #t "waiting for udevd...~%")
(usleep 500000)
;; Allow udev to find the modules.
(let ((pid (primitive-fork)))
(case pid
(exec-command (list udevd)))
;; Wait until udevd is up and running. This
;; appears to be needed so that the events
;; triggered below are actually handled.
;; Trigger device node creation.
(system* (string-append #$udev "/bin/udevadm")
"trigger" "--action=add")
;; Wait for things to settle down.
(system* (string-append #$udev "/bin/udevadm")
(stop #~(make-kill-destructor))))))
(define %base-services
;; Convenience variable holding the basic services.
(let ((motd (text-file "motd" "
This is the GNU operating system, welcome!\n\n")))
(list (console-font-service "tty1")
(console-font-service "tty2")
(console-font-service "tty3")
(console-font-service "tty4")
(console-font-service "tty5")
(console-font-service "tty6")
(mingetty-service "tty1" #:motd motd)
(mingetty-service "tty2" #:motd motd)
(mingetty-service "tty3" #:motd motd)
(mingetty-service "tty4" #:motd motd)
(mingetty-service "tty5" #:motd motd)
(mingetty-service "tty6" #:motd motd)
(static-networking-service "lo" ""
#:provision '(loopback))
;;; base.scm ends here