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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Ludovic Courtès <>
;;; Copyright © 2017, 2018 Ricardo Wurmus <>
;;; Copyright © 2018 Konrad Hinsen <>
;;; Copyright © 2018 Chris Marusich <>
;;; Copyright © 2018 Efraim Flashner <>
;;; Copyright © 2020 Tobias Geerinckx-Rice <>
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <>.
(define-module (guix scripts pack)
#:use-module (guix scripts)
#:use-module (guix ui)
#:use-module (guix gexp)
#:use-module (guix utils)
#:use-module (guix store)
#:use-module ((guix status) #:select (with-status-verbosity))
#:use-module ((guix self) #:select (make-config.scm))
#:use-module (guix grafts)
#:autoload (guix inferior) (inferior-package?
#:use-module (guix monads)
#:use-module (guix modules)
#:use-module (guix packages)
#:use-module (guix profiles)
#:use-module (guix describe)
#:use-module (guix derivations)
#:use-module (guix search-paths)
#:use-module (guix build-system gnu)
#:use-module (guix scripts build)
#:use-module ((guix self) #:select (make-config.scm))
#:use-module (gnu packages)
#:use-module (gnu packages bootstrap)
#:use-module ((gnu packages compression) #:hide (zip))
#:use-module (gnu packages guile)
#:use-module (gnu packages base)
#:autoload (gnu packages package-management) (guix)
#:autoload (gnu packages gnupg) (guile-gcrypt)
#:autoload (gnu packages guile) (guile2.0-json guile-json)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-9)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-37)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:export (compressor?
;; Type of a compression tool.
(define-record-type <compressor>
(compressor name extension command)
(name compressor-name) ;string (e.g., "gzip")
(extension compressor-extension) ;string (e.g., ".lz")
(command compressor-command)) ;gexp (e.g., #~("/gnu/store/…/gzip" "-9n"))
(define %compressors
;; Available compression tools.
(list (compressor "gzip" ".gz"
#~(#+(file-append gzip "/bin/gzip") "-9n"))
(compressor "lzip" ".lz"
#~(#+(file-append lzip "/bin/lzip") "-9"))
(compressor "xz" ".xz"
#~(#+(file-append xz "/bin/xz") "-e"))
(compressor "bzip2" ".bz2"
#~(#+(file-append bzip2 "/bin/bzip2") "-9"))
(compressor "zstd" ".zst"
;; The default level 3 compresses better than gzip in a
;; fraction of the time, while the highest level 19
;; (de)compresses more slowly and worse than xz.
#~(#+(file-append zstd "/bin/zstd") "-3"))
(compressor "none" "" #f)))
;; This one is only for use in this module, so don't put it in %compressors.
(define bootstrap-xz
(compressor "bootstrap-xz" ".xz"
#~(#+(file-append %bootstrap-coreutils&co "/bin/xz") "-e")))
(define (lookup-compressor name)
"Return the compressor object called NAME. Error out if it could not be
(or (find (match-lambda
(($ <compressor> name*)
(string=? name* name)))
(leave (G_ "~a: compressor not found~%") name)))
(define not-config?
;; Select (guix …) and (gnu …) modules, except (guix config).
(('guix 'config) #f)
(('guix _ ...) #t)
(('gnu _ ...) #t)
(_ #f)))
(define gcrypt-sqlite3&co
;; Guile-Gcrypt, Guile-SQLite3, and their propagated inputs.
(append-map (lambda (package)
(cons package
(match (package-transitive-propagated-inputs package)
(((labels packages) ...)
(list guile-gcrypt guile-sqlite3)))
(define (store-database items)
"Return a directory containing a store database where all of ITEMS and their
dependencies are registered."
(define schema
(local-file (search-path %load-path
(define labels
(map (lambda (n)
(string-append "closure" (number->string n)))
(iota (length items))))
(define build
(with-extensions gcrypt-sqlite3&co
(with-imported-modules (source-module-closure
'((guix build store-copy)
(guix store database)))
(use-modules (guix store database)
(guix build store-copy)
(srfi srfi-1))
(define (read-closure closure)
(call-with-input-file closure read-reference-graph))
(define db-file
(store-database-file #:state-directory #$output))
;; Make sure non-ASCII file names are properly handled.
(setenv "GUIX_LOCPATH"
#+(file-append glibc-utf8-locales "/lib/locale"))
(setlocale LC_ALL "en_US.utf8")
(sql-schema #$schema)
(let ((items (append-map read-closure '#$labels)))
(with-database db-file db
(register-items db items
#:deduplicate? #f
#:reset-timestamps? #f
#:registration-time %epoch)))))))
(computed-file "store-database" build
#:options `(#:references-graphs ,(zip labels items))))
(define* (self-contained-tarball name profile
#:key target
(profile-name "guix-profile")
(compressor (first %compressors))
(symlinks '())
(archiver tar))
"Return a self-contained tarball containing a store initialized with the
closure of PROFILE, a derivation. The tarball contains /gnu/store; if
LOCALSTATEDIR? is true, it also contains /var/guix, including /var/guix/db
with a properly initialized store database.
SYMLINKS must be a list of (SOURCE -> TARGET) tuples denoting symlinks to be
added to the pack."
(define database
(and localstatedir?
(file-append (store-database (list profile))
(define set-utf8-locale
;; Arrange to not depend on 'glibc-utf8-locales' when using '--bootstrap'.
(and (or (not (profile? profile))
(profile-locales? profile))
(setenv "GUIX_LOCPATH"
#+(file-append glibc-utf8-locales "/lib/locale"))
(setlocale LC_ALL "en_US.utf8"))))
(define build
(with-imported-modules (source-module-closure
`((guix build utils)
(guix build union)
(gnu build install))
#:select? not-config?)
(use-modules (guix build utils)
((guix build union) #:select (relative-file-name))
(gnu build install)
(srfi srfi-1)
(srfi srfi-26)
(ice-9 match))
(define %root "root")
(define symlink->directives
;; Return "populate directives" to make the given symlink and its
;; parent directories.
((source '-> target)
(let ((target (string-append #$profile "/" target))
(parent (dirname source)))
;; Never add a 'directory' directive for "/" so as to
;; preserve its ownnership when extracting the archive (see
;; below), and also because this would lead to adding the
;; same entries twice in the tarball.
`(,@(if (string=? parent "/")
`((directory ,parent)))
-> ,(relative-file-name parent target)))))))
(define directives
;; Fully-qualified symlinks.
(append-map symlink->directives '#$symlinks))
;; The --sort option was added to GNU tar in version 1.28, released
;; 2014-07-28. For testing, we use the bootstrap tar, which is
;; older and doesn't support it.
(define tar-supports-sort?
(zero? (system* (string-append #+archiver "/bin/tar")
"cf" "/dev/null" "--files-from=/dev/null"
;; Make sure non-ASCII file names are properly handled.
;; Add 'tar' to the search path.
(setenv "PATH" #+(file-append archiver "/bin"))
;; Note: there is not much to gain here with deduplication and there
;; is the overhead of the '.links' directory, so turn it off.
;; Furthermore GNU tar < 1.30 sometimes fails to extract tarballs
;; with hard links:
;; <>.
(populate-single-profile-directory %root
#:profile #$profile
#:profile-name #$profile-name
#:closure "profile"
#:database #+database)
;; Create SYMLINKS.
(for-each (cut evaluate-populate-directive <> %root)
;; Create the tarball. Use GNU format so there's no file name
;; length limitation.
(with-directory-excursion %root
(zero? (apply system* "tar"
#+@(if (compressor-command compressor)
'#+(compressor-command compressor)))
;; Avoid non-determinism in the archive. Use
;; mtime = 1, not zero, because that is what the
;; daemon does for files in the store (see the
;; 'mtimeStore' constant in
(if tar-supports-sort? "--sort=name" "--mtime=@1")
"--mtime=@1" ;for files in /var/guix
"-cvf" #$output
;; Avoid adding / and /var to the tarball, so
;; that the ownership and permissions of those
;; directories will not be overwritten when
;; extracting the archive. Do not include /root
;; because the root account might have a
;; different home directory.
#$@(if localstatedir?
(string-append "." (%store-directory))
(filter-map (match-lambda
(('directory directory)
(string-append "." directory))
((source '-> _)
(string-append "." source))
(_ #f))
(when entry-point
(warning (G_ "entry point not supported in the '~a' format~%")
(gexp->derivation (string-append name ".tar"
(compressor-extension compressor))
#:target target
#:references-graphs `(("profile" ,profile))))
(define (singularity-environment-file profile)
"Return a shell script that defines the environment variables corresponding
to the search paths of PROFILE."
(define build
(with-extensions (list guile-gcrypt)
(with-imported-modules `(((guix config) => ,(make-config.scm))
`((guix profiles)
(guix search-paths))
#:select? not-config?))
(use-modules (guix profiles) (guix search-paths)
(ice-9 match))
(call-with-output-file #$output
(lambda (port)
(for-each (match-lambda
((spec . value)
(format port "~a=~a~%export ~a~%"
(search-path-specification-variable spec)
(search-path-specification-variable spec))))
(profile-search-paths #$profile))))))))
(computed-file "" build))
(define* (squashfs-image name profile
#:key target
(profile-name "guix-profile")
(compressor (first %compressors))
(symlinks '())
(archiver squashfs-tools))
"Return a squashfs image containing a store initialized with the closure of
PROFILE, a derivation. The image contains a subset of /gnu/store, empty mount
points for virtual file systems (like procfs), and optional symlinks.
SYMLINKS must be a list of (SOURCE -> TARGET) tuples denoting symlinks to be
added to the pack."
(define database
(and localstatedir?
(file-append (store-database (list profile))
(define environment
(singularity-environment-file profile))
(define symlinks*
;; Singularity requires /bin (specifically /bin/sh), so ensure that
;; symlink is created.
(if (find (match-lambda
(("/bin" . _) #t)
(_ #f))
`(("/bin" -> "bin") ,@symlinks)))
(define build
(with-imported-modules (source-module-closure
'((guix build utils)
(guix build store-copy)
(guix build union)
(gnu build install))
#:select? not-config?)
(use-modules (guix build utils)
(guix build store-copy)
((guix build union) #:select (relative-file-name))
(gnu build install)
(srfi srfi-1)
(srfi srfi-26)
(ice-9 match))
(define database #+database)
(define entry-point #$entry-point)
(define (mksquashfs args)
(apply invoke "mksquashfs"
;; Do not create a "recovery file" when appending to the
;; file system since it's useless in this case.
;; Do not attempt to store extended attributes.
;; See <>.
;; Set file times and the file system creation time to
;; one second after the Epoch.
"-all-time" "1" "-mkfs-time" "1"
;; Reset all UIDs and GIDs.
"-force-uid" "0" "-force-gid" "0")))
(setenv "PATH" #+(file-append archiver "/bin"))
;; We need an empty file in order to have a valid file argument when
;; we reparent the root file system. Read on for why that's
;; necessary.
(with-output-to-file ".empty" (lambda () (display "")))
;; Create the squashfs image in several steps.
;; Add all store items. Unfortunately mksquashfs throws away all
;; ancestor directories and only keeps the basename. We fix this
;; in the following invocations of mksquashfs.
(mksquashfs `(,@(map store-info-item
(call-with-input-file "profile"
;; Do not perform duplicate checking because we
;; don't have any dupes.
,#+(compressor-name compressor)))
;; Here we reparent the store items. For each sub-directory of
;; the store prefix we need one invocation of "mksquashfs".
(for-each (lambda (dir)
(mksquashfs `(".empty"
"-root-becomes" ,dir)))
(reverse (string-tokenize (%store-directory)
(char-set-complement (char-set #\/)))))
;; Add symlinks and mount points.
;; Create SYMLINKS via pseudo file definitions.
((source '-> target)
;; Create relative symlinks to work around a bug in
;; Singularity 2.x:
(let ((target (string-append #$profile "/" target)))
(list "-p"
;; name s mode uid gid symlink
(list source
"s" "777" "0" "0"
(relative-file-name (dirname source)
"-p" "/.singularity.d d 555 0 0"
;; Create the environment file.
"-p" "/.singularity.d/env d 555 0 0"
"-p" ,(string-append
"/.singularity.d/env/ s 777 0 0 "
(relative-file-name "/.singularity.d/env"
;; Create /.singularity.d/actions, and optionally the 'run'
;; script, used by 'singularity run'.
"-p" "/.singularity.d/actions d 555 0 0"
,@(if entry-point
`(;; This one if for Singularity 2.x.
"/.singularity.d/actions/run s 777 0 0 "
(relative-file-name "/.singularity.d/actions"
(string-append #$profile "/"
;; This one is for Singularity 3.x.
"/.singularity.d/runscript s 777 0 0 "
(relative-file-name "/.singularity.d"
(string-append #$profile "/"
;; Create empty mount points.
"-p" "/proc d 555 0 0"
"-p" "/sys d 555 0 0"
"-p" "/dev d 555 0 0"
"-p" "/home d 555 0 0"))
(when database
;; Initialize /var/guix.
(install-database-and-gc-roots "var-etc" database #$profile)
(mksquashfs `("var-etc" ,#$output))))))
(gexp->derivation (string-append name
(compressor-extension compressor)
#:target target
#:references-graphs `(("profile" ,profile))))
(define* (docker-image name profile
#:key target
(profile-name "guix-profile")
(compressor (first %compressors))
(symlinks '())
(archiver tar))
"Return a derivation to construct a Docker image of PROFILE. The
image is a tarball conforming to the Docker Image Specification, compressed
with COMPRESSOR. It can be passed to 'docker load'. If TARGET is true, it
must a be a GNU triplet and it is used to derive the architecture metadata in
the image."
(define database
(and localstatedir?
(file-append (store-database (list profile))
(define defmod 'define-module) ;trick Geiser
(define build
;; Guile-JSON and Guile-Gcrypt are required by (guix docker).
(with-extensions (list guile-json-3 guile-gcrypt)
(with-imported-modules `(((guix config) => ,(make-config.scm))
`((guix docker)
(guix build store-copy)
(guix profiles)
(guix search-paths))
#:select? not-config?))
(use-modules (guix docker) (guix build store-copy)
(guix profiles) (guix search-paths)
(srfi srfi-1) (srfi srfi-19)
(ice-9 match))
(define environment
(map (match-lambda
((spec . value)
(cons (search-path-specification-variable spec)
(profile-search-paths #$profile)))
(define symlink->directives
;; Return "populate directives" to make the given symlink and its
;; parent directories.
((source '-> target)
(let ((target (string-append #$profile "/" target))
(parent (dirname source)))
`((directory ,parent)
(,source -> ,target))))))
(define directives
;; Create a /tmp directory, as some programs expect it, and
;; create SYMLINKS.
`((directory "/tmp" ,(getuid) ,(getgid) #o1777)
,@(append-map symlink->directives '#$symlinks)))
(define tag
;; Compute a meaningful "repository" name, which will show up in
;; the output of "docker images".
(let ((manifest (profile-manifest #$profile)))
(let loop ((names (map manifest-entry-name
(manifest-entries manifest))))
(define str (string-join names "-"))
(if (< (string-length str) 40)
(match names
((_) str)
((names ... _) (loop names))))))) ;drop one entry
(setenv "PATH" #+(file-append archiver "/bin"))
(build-docker-image #$output
(map store-info-item
(call-with-input-file "profile"
#:repository tag
#:database #+database
#:system (or #$target (utsname:machine (uname)))
#:environment environment
#$(and entry-point
#~(list (string-append #$profile "/"
#:extra-files directives
#:compressor '#+(compressor-command compressor)
#:creation-time (make-time time-utc 0 1))))))
(gexp->derivation (string-append name ".tar"
(compressor-extension compressor))
#:target target
#:references-graphs `(("profile" ,profile))))
;;; Compiling C programs.
;; A C compiler. That lowers to a single program that can be passed typical C
;; compiler flags, and it makes sure the whole toolchain is available.
(define-record-type <c-compiler>
(%c-compiler toolchain guile)
(toolchain c-compiler-toolchain)
(guile c-compiler-guile))
(define* (c-compiler #:optional inputs
#:key (guile (default-guile)))
(%c-compiler inputs guile))
(define (bootstrap-c-compiler)
"Return the C compiler that uses the bootstrap toolchain. This is used only
by '--bootstrap', for testing purposes."
(define bootstrap-toolchain
(list (first (assoc-ref (%bootstrap-inputs) "gcc"))
(first (assoc-ref (%bootstrap-inputs) "binutils"))
(first (assoc-ref (%bootstrap-inputs) "libc"))))
(c-compiler bootstrap-toolchain
#:guile %bootstrap-guile))
(define-gexp-compiler (c-compiler-compiler (compiler <c-compiler>) system target)
"Lower COMPILER to a single script that does the right thing."
(define toolchain
(or (c-compiler-toolchain compiler)
(list (first (assoc-ref (standard-packages) "gcc"))
(first (assoc-ref (standard-packages) "ld-wrapper"))
(first (assoc-ref (standard-packages) "binutils"))
(first (assoc-ref (standard-packages) "libc"))
(gexp-input (first (assoc-ref (standard-packages) "libc"))
(define inputs
(match (append-map package-propagated-inputs
(filter package? toolchain))
(((labels things . _) ...)
(append toolchain things))))
(define search-paths
(cons $PATH
(append-map package-native-search-paths
(filter package? inputs))))
(define run
(with-imported-modules (source-module-closure
'((guix build utils)
(guix search-paths)))
(use-modules (guix build utils) (guix search-paths)
(ice-9 match))
(define (output-file args)
(let loop ((args args))
(match args
(() "a.out")
(("-o" file _ ...) file)
((head rest ...) (loop rest)))))
(set-search-paths (map sexp->search-path-specification
'#$(map search-path-specification->sexp
(let ((output (output-file (command-line))))
(apply invoke "gcc" (cdr (command-line)))
(invoke "strip" output)))))
(when target
;; TODO: Yep, we'll have to do it someday!
(leave (G_ "cross-compilation not implemented here;
please email '~a'~%")
(@ (guix config) %guix-bug-report-address)))
(gexp->script "c-compiler" run
#:guile (c-compiler-guile compiler)))
;;; Wrapped package.
(define* (wrapped-package package
(output* "out")
(compiler (c-compiler))
#:key proot?)
"Return the OUTPUT of PACKAGE with its binaries wrapped such that they are
relocatable. When PROOT? is true, include PRoot in the result and use it as a
last resort for relocation."
(define runner
(local-file (search-auxiliary-file "run-in-namespace.c")))
(define audit-source
(local-file (search-auxiliary-file "pack-audit.c")))
(define (proot)
(specification->package "proot-static"))
(define (fakechroot-library)
(computed-file ""
#~(copy-file #$(file-append
(specification->package "fakechroot")
(define (audit-module)
;; Return an audit module for use by the 'fakechroot' execution
;; engine that translates file names of all the files loads.
(computed-file ""
(with-imported-modules '((guix build utils))
(use-modules (guix build utils))
(copy-file #$audit-source "audit.c")
(substitute* "audit.c"
(invoke #$compiler "-std=gnu99"
"-shared" "-fPIC" "-Os" "-g0"
"-Wall" "audit.c" "-o" #$output)))))
(define build
(with-imported-modules (source-module-closure
'((guix build utils)
(guix build union)
(guix elf)))
(use-modules (guix build utils)
((guix build union) #:select (relative-file-name))
(guix elf)
(ice-9 binary-ports)
(ice-9 ftw)
(ice-9 match)
(srfi srfi-1)
(rnrs bytevectors))
(define input
;; The OUTPUT* output of PACKAGE.
(ungexp package output*))
(define target
;; The output we are producing.
(ungexp output output*))
(define (strip-store-prefix file)
;; Given a file name like "/gnu/store/…-foo-1.2/bin/foo", return
;; "/bin/foo".
(let* ((len (string-length (%store-directory)))
(base (string-drop file (+ 1 len))))
(match (string-index base #\/)
(#f base)
(index (string-drop base index)))))
(define (elf-interpreter elf)
;; Return the interpreter of ELF as a string, or #f if ELF has no
;; interpreter segment.
(match (find (lambda (segment)
(= (elf-segment-type segment) PT_INTERP))
(elf-segments elf))
(#f #f) ;maybe a .so
(let ((bv (make-bytevector (- (elf-segment-memsz segment) 1))))
(bytevector-copy! (elf-bytes elf)
(elf-segment-offset segment)
bv 0 (bytevector-length bv))
(utf8->string bv)))))
(define (elf-loader-compile-flags program)
;; Return the cpp flags defining macros for the
;; wrapper of PROGRAM.
;; TODO: Handle scripts by wrapping their interpreter.
(if (elf-file? program)
(let* ((bv (call-with-input-file program
(elf (parse-elf bv))
(interp (elf-interpreter elf))
(gconv (and interp
(string-append (dirname interp)
(if interp
(list (string-append "-DPROGRAM_INTERPRETER=\""
interp "\"")
(string-append "-DFAKECHROOT_LIBRARY=\""
#$(fakechroot-library) "\"")
(string-append "-DLOADER_AUDIT_MODULE=\""
#$(audit-module) "\"")
(if gconv
(string-append "-DGCONV_DIRECTORY=\""
gconv "\"")
(define (build-wrapper program)
;; Build a user-namespace wrapper for PROGRAM.
(format #t "building wrapper for '~a'...~%" program)
(copy-file #$runner "run.c")
(substitute* "run.c"
(("@WRAPPED_PROGRAM@") program)
(("@STORE_DIRECTORY@") (%store-directory)))
(let* ((base (strip-store-prefix program))
(result (string-append target "/" base))
(proot #$(and proot?
#$(file-append (proot) "/bin/proot")
(+ (string-length (%store-directory))
(mkdir-p (dirname result))
(apply invoke #$compiler "-std=gnu99" "-static" "-Os" "-g0" "-Wall"
"run.c" "-o" result
(append (if proot
(list (string-append "-DPROOT_PROGRAM=\""
proot "\""))
(elf-loader-compile-flags program)))
(delete-file "run.c")))
(setvbuf (current-output-port) 'line)
;; Link the top-level files of PACKAGE so that search paths are
;; properly defined in PROFILE/etc/profile.
(mkdir target)
(for-each (lambda (file)
(unless (member file '("." ".." "bin" "sbin" "libexec"))
(let ((file* (string-append input "/" file)))
(symlink (relative-file-name target file*)
(string-append target "/" file)))))
(scandir input))
(for-each build-wrapper
;; Note: Trailing slash in case these are symlinks.
(append (find-files (string-append input "/bin/"))
(find-files (string-append input "/sbin/"))
(find-files (string-append input "/libexec/")))))))
(computed-file (string-append
(cond ((package? package)
(package-full-name package "-"))
((inferior-package? package)
(string-append (inferior-package-name package)
(inferior-package-version package)))
(else "wrapper"))
(define (wrapped-manifest-entry entry . args)
(inherit entry)
(item (apply wrapped-package
(manifest-entry-item entry)
(manifest-entry-output entry)
;;; Command-line options.
(define %default-options
;; Alist of default option values.
`((format . tarball)
(profile-name . "guix-profile")
(system . ,(%current-system))
(substitutes? . #t)
(offload? . #t)
(graft? . #t)
(print-build-trace? . #t)
(print-extended-build-trace? . #t)
(multiplexed-build-output? . #t)
(debug . 0)
(verbosity . 1)
(symlinks . ())
(compressor . ,(first %compressors))))
(define %formats
;; Supported pack formats.
`((tarball . ,self-contained-tarball)
(squashfs . ,squashfs-image)
(docker . ,docker-image)))
(define (show-formats)
;; Print the supported pack formats.
(display (G_ "The supported formats for 'guix pack' are:"))
(display (G_ "
tarball Self-contained tarball, ready to run on another machine"))
(display (G_ "
squashfs Squashfs image suitable for Singularity"))
(display (G_ "
docker Tarball ready for 'docker load'"))
(define %options
;; Specifications of the command-line options.
(cons* (option '(#\h "help") #f #f
(lambda args
(exit 0)))
(option '(#\V "version") #f #f
(lambda args
(show-version-and-exit "guix pack")))
(option '(#\n "dry-run") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'dry-run? #t result)))
(option '(#\d "derivation") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'derivation-only? #t result)))
(option '(#\f "format") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'format (string->symbol arg) result)))
(option '("list-formats") #f #f
(lambda args
(exit 0)))
(option '(#\R "relocatable") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(match (assq-ref result 'relocatable?)
(alist-cons 'relocatable? #t result))
(alist-cons 'relocatable? 'proot
(alist-delete 'relocatable? result))))))
(option '(#\e "expression") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'expression arg result)))
(option '(#\m "manifest") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'manifest arg result)))
(option '(#\s "system") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'system arg
(alist-delete 'system result eq?))))
(option '("entry-point") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'entry-point arg result)))
(option '("target") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'target arg
(alist-delete 'target result eq?))))
(option '(#\C "compression") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'compressor (lookup-compressor arg)
(option '(#\S "symlink") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
;; Note: Using 'string-split' allows us to handle empty
;; TARGET (as in "/opt/guile=", meaning that /opt/guile is
;; a symlink to the profile) correctly.
(match (string-split arg (char-set #\=))
((source target)
(let ((symlinks (assoc-ref result 'symlinks)))
(alist-cons 'symlinks
`((,source -> ,target) ,@symlinks)
(alist-delete 'symlinks result eq?))))
(leave (G_ "~a: invalid symlink specification~%")
(option '("save-provenance") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'save-provenance? #t result)))
(option '("localstatedir") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'localstatedir? #t result)))
(option '("profile-name") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(match arg
((or "guix-profile" "current-guix")
(alist-cons 'profile-name arg result))
(leave (G_ "~a: unsupported profile name~%") arg)))))
(option '(#\r "root") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'gc-root arg result)))
(option '(#\v "verbosity") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(let ((level (string->number* arg)))
(alist-cons 'verbosity level
(alist-delete 'verbosity result)))))
(option '("bootstrap") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'bootstrap? #t result)))
(append %transformation-options
(define (show-help)
(display (G_ "Usage: guix pack [OPTION]... PACKAGE...
Create a bundle of PACKAGE.\n"))
(display (G_ "
-f, --format=FORMAT build a pack in the given FORMAT"))
(display (G_ "
--list-formats list the formats available"))
(display (G_ "
-R, --relocatable produce relocatable executables"))
(display (G_ "
-e, --expression=EXPR consider the package EXPR evaluates to"))
(display (G_ "
-s, --system=SYSTEM attempt to build for SYSTEM--e.g., \"i686-linux\""))
(display (G_ "
--target=TRIPLET cross-build for TRIPLET--e.g., \"armel-linux-gnu\""))
(display (G_ "
-C, --compression=TOOL compress using TOOL--e.g., \"lzip\""))
(display (G_ "
-S, --symlink=SPEC create symlinks to the profile according to SPEC"))
(display (G_ "
-m, --manifest=FILE create a pack with the manifest from FILE"))
(display (G_ "
use PROGRAM as the entry point of the pack"))
(display (G_ "
--save-provenance save provenance information"))
(display (G_ "
--localstatedir include /var/guix in the resulting pack"))
(display (G_ "
populate /var/guix/profiles/.../NAME"))
(display (G_ "
-r, --root=FILE make FILE a symlink to the result, and register it
as a garbage collector root"))
(display (G_ "
-d, --derivation return the derivation of the pack"))
(display (G_ "
-v, --verbosity=LEVEL use the given verbosity LEVEL"))
(display (G_ "
--bootstrap use the bootstrap binaries to build the pack"))
(display (G_ "
-h, --help display this help and exit"))
(display (G_ "
-V, --version display version information and exit"))
;;; Entry point.
(define (guix-pack . args)
(define opts
(parse-command-line args %options (list %default-options)))
(define maybe-package-argument
;; Given an option pair, return a package, a package/output tuple, or #f.
(('argument . spec)
(lambda ()
(specification->package+output spec))
(('expression . exp)
(read/eval-package-expression exp))
(x #f)))
(define (manifest-from-args store opts)
(let* ((transform (options->transformation opts))
(packages (map (match-lambda
(((? package? package) output)
(list (transform store package) output))
((? package? package)
(list (transform store package) "out")))
(filter-map maybe-package-argument opts))))
(manifests (filter-map (match-lambda
(('manifest . file) file)
(_ #f))
(define with-provenance
(if (assoc-ref opts 'save-provenance?)
(lambda (manifest)
(lambda (entry)
(let ((entry (manifest-entry-with-provenance entry)))
(unless (assq 'provenance (manifest-entry-properties entry))
(warning (G_ "could not determine provenance of package ~a~%")
(manifest-entry-name entry)))
((and (not (null? manifests)) (not (null? packages)))
(leave (G_ "both a manifest and a package list were given~%")))
((not (null? manifests))
(map (lambda (file)
(let ((user-module (make-user-module
'((guix profiles) (gnu)))))
(load* file user-module)))
(packages->manifest packages))))))
(with-store store
(with-status-verbosity (assoc-ref opts 'verbosity)
;; Set the build options before we do anything else.
(set-build-options-from-command-line store opts)
(with-build-handler (build-notifier #:dry-run?
(assoc-ref opts 'dry-run?)
(assoc-ref opts 'substitutes?))
(parameterize ((%graft? (assoc-ref opts 'graft?))
(%guile-for-build (package-derivation
(if (assoc-ref opts 'bootstrap?)
(assoc-ref opts 'system)
#:graft? (assoc-ref opts 'graft?))))
(let* ((derivation? (assoc-ref opts 'derivation-only?))
(relocatable? (assoc-ref opts 'relocatable?))
(proot? (eq? relocatable? 'proot))
(manifest (let ((manifest (manifest-from-args store opts)))
;; Note: We cannot honor '--bootstrap' here because
;; 'glibc-bootstrap' lacks 'libc.a'.
(if relocatable?
(cut wrapped-manifest-entry <> #:proot? proot?)
(pack-format (assoc-ref opts 'format))
(name (string-append (symbol->string pack-format)
(target (assoc-ref opts 'target))
(bootstrap? (assoc-ref opts 'bootstrap?))
(compressor (if bootstrap?
(assoc-ref opts 'compressor)))
(archiver (if (equal? pack-format 'squashfs)
(if bootstrap?
(symlinks (assoc-ref opts 'symlinks))
(build-image (match (assq-ref %formats pack-format)
((? procedure? proc) proc)
(leave (G_ "~a: unknown pack format~%")
(localstatedir? (assoc-ref opts 'localstatedir?))
(entry-point (assoc-ref opts 'entry-point))
(profile-name (assoc-ref opts 'profile-name))
(gc-root (assoc-ref opts 'gc-root))
(profile (profile
(content manifest)
;; Always produce relative symlinks for
;; Singularity (see
;; <>).
(or relocatable?
(eq? 'squashfs pack-format)))
(hooks (if bootstrap?
(locales? (not bootstrap?)))))
(define (lookup-package package)
(manifest-lookup manifest (manifest-pattern (name package))))
(when (null? (manifest-entries manifest))
(warning (G_ "no packages specified; building an empty pack~%")))
(when (and (eq? pack-format 'squashfs)
(not (any lookup-package '("bash" "bash-minimal"))))
(warning (G_ "Singularity requires you to provide a shell~%"))
(display-hint (G_ "Add @code{bash} or @code{bash-minimal} \
to your package list.")))
(run-with-store store
(mlet* %store-monad ((drv (build-image name profile
(mbegin %store-monad
(mwhen derivation?
(return (format #t "~a~%"
(derivation-file-name drv))))
(munless derivation?
(built-derivations (list drv))
(mwhen gc-root
(register-root* (match (derivation->output-paths drv)
(((names . items) ...)
(return (format #t "~a~%"
(derivation->output-path drv))))))
#:target target
#:system (assoc-ref opts 'system)))))))))