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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2016 Mark H Weaver <mhw@netris.org>
;;; Copyright © 2016 Jan Nieuwenhuizen <janneke@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2017, 2019 Mathieu Othacehe <m.othacehe@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2019 Tobias Geerinckx-Rice <me@tobias.gr>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (gnu system linux-initrd)
#:use-module (guix gexp)
#:use-module (guix utils)
#:use-module ((guix store)
#:select (%store-prefix))
#:use-module ((guix derivations)
#:select (derivation->output-path))
#:use-module (guix modules)
#:use-module (gnu packages compression)
#:use-module (gnu packages disk)
#:use-module (gnu packages linux)
#:use-module (gnu packages file-systems)
#:use-module (gnu packages guile)
#:use-module ((gnu packages xorg)
#:select (console-setup xkeyboard-config))
#:use-module ((gnu packages make-bootstrap)
#:select (%guile-3.0-static-stripped))
#:use-module (gnu system file-systems)
#:use-module (gnu system mapped-devices)
#:use-module (gnu system keyboard)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 regex)
#:use-module (ice-9 vlist)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:export (expression->initrd
%base-initrd-modules
raw-initrd
file-system-packages
base-initrd))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; Tools to build initial RAM disks (initrd's) for Linux-Libre, and in
;;; particular initrd's that run Guile.
;;;
;;; Code:
(define* (expression->initrd exp
#:key
(guile %guile-3.0-static-stripped)
(gzip gzip)
(name "guile-initrd")
(system (%current-system)))
"Return as a file-like object a Linux initrd (a gzipped cpio archive)
containing GUILE and that evaluates EXP, a G-expression, upon booting. All
the derivations referenced by EXP are automatically copied to the initrd."
;; General Linux overview in `Documentation/early-userspace/README' and
;; `Documentation/filesystems/ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.txt'.
(define init
(program-file "init" exp #:guile guile))
(define builder
(with-imported-modules (source-module-closure
'((gnu build linux-initrd)))
#~(begin
(use-modules (gnu build linux-initrd))
(mkdir #$output)
;; The guile used in the initrd must be present in the store, so
;; that module loading works once the root is switched.
;;
;; To ensure that is the case, add an explicit reference to the
;; guile package used in the initrd to the output.
;;
;; This fixes guix-patches bug #28399, "Fix mysql activation, and
;; add a basic test".
(call-with-output-file (string-append #$ output "/references")
(lambda (port)
(simple-format port "~A\n" #$guile)))
(build-initrd (string-append #$output "/initrd.cpio.gz")
#:guile #$guile
#:init #$init
;; Copy everything INIT refers to into the initrd.
#:references-graphs '("closure")
#:gzip (string-append #+gzip "/bin/gzip")))))
(file-append (computed-file name builder
#:options
`(#:references-graphs (("closure" ,init))))
"/initrd.cpio.gz"))
(define (flat-linux-module-directory linux modules)
"Return a flat directory containing the Linux kernel modules listed in
MODULES and taken from LINUX."
(define build-exp
(with-imported-modules (source-module-closure
'((gnu build linux-modules)))
#~(begin
(use-modules (gnu build linux-modules)
(srfi srfi-1)
(srfi srfi-26))
(define module-dir
(string-append #$linux "/lib/modules"))
(define modules
(let* ((lookup (cut find-module-file module-dir <>))
(modules (map lookup '#$modules)))
(append modules
(recursive-module-dependencies modules
#:lookup-module lookup))))
(mkdir #$output)
(for-each (lambda (module)
(format #t "copying '~a'...~%" module)
(copy-file module
(string-append #$output "/"
(basename module))))
(delete-duplicates modules))
;; Hyphen or underscore? This database tells us.
(write-module-name-database #$output))))
(computed-file "linux-modules" build-exp))
(define* (raw-initrd file-systems
#:key
(linux linux-libre)
(linux-modules '())
(mapped-devices '())
(keyboard-layout #f)
(helper-packages '())
qemu-networking?
volatile-root?
(on-error 'debug))
"Return as a file-like object a raw initrd, with kernel
modules taken from LINUX. FILE-SYSTEMS is a list of file-systems to be
mounted by the initrd, possibly in addition to the root file system specified
on the kernel command line via '--root'. LINUX-MODULES is a list of kernel
modules to be loaded at boot time. MAPPED-DEVICES is a list of device
mappings to realize before FILE-SYSTEMS are mounted.
HELPER-PACKAGES is a list of packages to be copied in the initrd. It may include
e2fsck/static or other packages needed by the initrd to check root partition.
When true, KEYBOARD-LAYOUT is a <keyboard-layout> record denoting the desired
console keyboard layout. This is done before MAPPED-DEVICES are set up and
before FILE-SYSTEMS are mounted such that, should the user need to enter a
passphrase or use the REPL, this happens using the intended keyboard layout.
When QEMU-NETWORKING? is true, set up networking with the standard QEMU
parameters.
When VOLATILE-ROOT? is true, the root file system is writable but any changes
to it are lost.
ON-ERROR is passed to 'call-with-error-handling'; it determines what happens
upon error."
(define device-mapping-commands
;; List of gexps to open the mapped devices.
(map (lambda (md)
(let* ((source (mapped-device-source md))
(target (mapped-device-target md))
(type (mapped-device-type md))
(open (mapped-device-kind-open type)))
(open source target)))
mapped-devices))
(define kodir
(flat-linux-module-directory linux linux-modules))
(expression->initrd
(with-imported-modules (source-module-closure
'((gnu build linux-boot)
(guix build utils)
(guix build bournish)
(gnu system file-systems)
(gnu build file-systems)))
#~(begin
(use-modules (gnu build linux-boot)
(gnu system file-systems)
((guix build utils) #:hide (delete))
(guix build bournish) ;add the 'bournish' meta-command
(srfi srfi-26)
;; FIXME: The following modules are for
;; LUKS-DEVICE-MAPPING. We should instead propagate
;; this info via gexps.
((gnu build file-systems)
#:select (find-partition-by-luks-uuid))
(rnrs bytevectors))
(with-output-to-port (%make-void-port "w")
(lambda ()
(set-path-environment-variable "PATH" '("bin" "sbin")
'#$helper-packages)))
(parameterize ((current-warning-port (%make-void-port "w")))
(boot-system #:mounts
(map spec->file-system
'#$(map file-system->spec file-systems))
#:pre-mount (lambda ()
(and #$@device-mapping-commands))
#:linux-modules '#$linux-modules
#:linux-module-directory '#$kodir
#:keymap-file #+(and=> keyboard-layout
keyboard-layout->console-keymap)
#:qemu-guest-networking? #$qemu-networking?
#:volatile-root? '#$volatile-root?
#:on-error '#$on-error))))
#:name "raw-initrd"))
(define* (file-system-packages file-systems #:key (volatile-root? #f))
"Return the list of statically-linked, stripped packages to check
FILE-SYSTEMS."
`(,@(if (find (lambda (fs)
(string-prefix? "ext" (file-system-type fs)))
file-systems)
(list e2fsck/static)
'())
,@(if (find (lambda (fs)
(string-suffix? "fat" (file-system-type fs)))
file-systems)
(list fatfsck/static)
'())
,@(if (find (file-system-type-predicate "btrfs") file-systems)
(list btrfs-progs/static)
'())
,@(if (find (file-system-type-predicate "jfs") file-systems)
(list jfs_fsck/static)
'())
,@(if (find (file-system-type-predicate "f2fs") file-systems)
(list f2fs-fsck/static)
'())))
(define-syntax vhash ;TODO: factorize
(syntax-rules (=>)
"Build a vhash with the given key/value mappings."
((_)
vlist-null)
((_ (key others ... => value) rest ...)
(vhash-cons key value
(vhash (others ... => value) rest ...)))
((_ (=> value) rest ...)
(vhash rest ...))))
(define-syntax lookup-procedure
(syntax-rules (else)
"Return a procedure that lookups keys in the given dictionary."
((_ mapping ... (else default))
(let ((table (vhash mapping ...)))
(lambda (key)
(match (vhash-assoc key table)
(#f default)
((key . value) value)))))))
(define file-system-type-modules
;; Given a file system type, return the list of modules it needs.
(lookup-procedure ("cifs" => '("md4" "ecb" "cifs"))
("9p" => '("9p" "9pnet_virtio"))
("btrfs" => '("btrfs"))
("iso9660" => '("isofs"))
("jfs" => '("jfs"))
("f2fs" => '("f2fs" "crc32_generic"))
(else '())))
(define (file-system-modules file-systems)
"Return the list of Linux modules needed to mount FILE-SYSTEMS."
(append-map (compose file-system-type-modules file-system-type)
file-systems))
(define* (default-initrd-modules
#:optional
(system (or (%current-target-system)
(%current-system))))
"Return the list of modules included in the initrd by default."
(define virtio-modules
;; Modules for Linux para-virtualized devices, for use in QEMU guests.
'("virtio_pci" "virtio_balloon" "virtio_blk" "virtio_net"
"virtio_console" "virtio-rng"))
`("ahci" ;for SATA controllers
"usb-storage" "uas" ;for the installation image etc.
"usbhid" "hid-generic" "hid-apple" ;keyboards during early boot
"dm-crypt" "xts" "serpent_generic" "wp512" ;for encrypted root partitions
"nls_iso8859-1" ;for `mkfs.fat`, et.al
,@(if (string-match "^(x86_64|i[3-6]86)-" system)
'("pata_acpi" "pata_atiixp" ;for ATA controllers
"isci") ;for SAS controllers like Intel C602
'())
,@virtio-modules))
(define-syntax %base-initrd-modules
;; This more closely matches our naming convention.
(identifier-syntax (default-initrd-modules)))
(define* (base-initrd file-systems
#:key
(linux linux-libre)
(linux-modules '())
(mapped-devices '())
(keyboard-layout #f)
qemu-networking?
volatile-root?
(extra-modules '()) ;deprecated
(on-error 'debug))
"Return as a file-like object a generic initrd, with kernel
modules taken from LINUX. FILE-SYSTEMS is a list of file-systems to be
mounted by the initrd, possibly in addition to the root file system specified
on the kernel command line via '--root'. MAPPED-DEVICES is a list of device
mappings to realize before FILE-SYSTEMS are mounted.
When true, KEYBOARD-LAYOUT is a <keyboard-layout> record denoting the desired
console keyboard layout. This is done before MAPPED-DEVICES are set up and
before FILE-SYSTEMS are mounted such that, should the user need to enter a
passphrase or use the REPL, this happens using the intended keyboard layout.
QEMU-NETWORKING? and VOLATILE-ROOT? behaves as in raw-initrd.
The initrd is automatically populated with all the kernel modules necessary
for FILE-SYSTEMS and for the given options. Additional kernel
modules can be listed in LINUX-MODULES. They will be added to the initrd, and
loaded at boot time in the order in which they appear."
(define linux-modules*
;; Modules added to the initrd and loaded from the initrd.
`(,@linux-modules
,@(file-system-modules file-systems)
,@(if volatile-root?
'("overlay")
'())
,@extra-modules))
(define helper-packages
(append (file-system-packages file-systems
#:volatile-root? volatile-root?)
(if keyboard-layout
(list loadkeys-static)
'())))
(raw-initrd file-systems
#:linux linux
#:linux-modules linux-modules*
#:mapped-devices mapped-devices
#:helper-packages helper-packages
#:keyboard-layout keyboard-layout
#:qemu-networking? qemu-networking?
#:volatile-root? volatile-root?
#:on-error on-error))
;;; linux-initrd.scm ends here