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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2015 Mark H Weaver <mhw@netris.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (gnu build activation)
#:use-module (gnu system accounts)
#:use-module (gnu build accounts)
#:use-module (gnu build linux-boot)
#:use-module (guix build utils)
#:use-module ((guix build syscalls) #:select (with-file-lock))
#:use-module (ice-9 ftw)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 vlist)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-11)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:export (activate-users+groups
activate-user-home
activate-etc
activate-setuid-programs
activate-special-files
activate-modprobe
activate-firmware
activate-ptrace-attach
activate-current-system))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; This module provides "activation" helpers. Activation is the process that
;;; consists in setting up system-wide files and directories so that an
;;; 'operating-system' configuration becomes active.
;;;
;;; Code:
(define %skeleton-directory
;; Directory containing skeleton files for new accounts.
;; Note: keep the trailing '/' so that 'scandir' enters it.
"/etc/skel/")
(define (dot-or-dot-dot? file)
(member file '("." "..")))
(define* (copy-account-skeletons home
#:key
(directory %skeleton-directory)
uid gid)
"Copy the account skeletons from DIRECTORY to HOME. When UID is an integer,
make it the owner of all the files created; likewise for GID."
(define (set-owner file)
(when (or uid gid)
(chown file (or uid -1) (or gid -1))))
(let ((files (scandir directory (negate dot-or-dot-dot?)
string<?)))
(mkdir-p home)
(set-owner home)
(for-each (lambda (file)
(let ((target (string-append home "/" file)))
(copy-recursively (string-append directory "/" file)
target
#:log (%make-void-port "w"))
(for-each set-owner
(find-files target (const #t)
#:directories? #t))
(make-file-writable target)))
files)))
(define* (make-skeletons-writable home
#:optional (directory %skeleton-directory))
"Make sure that the files that have been copied from DIRECTORY to HOME are
owner-writable in HOME."
(let ((files (scandir directory (negate dot-or-dot-dot?)
string<?)))
(for-each (lambda (file)
(let ((target (string-append home "/" file)))
(when (file-exists? target)
(make-file-writable target))))
files)))
(define (duplicates lst)
"Return elements from LST present more than once in LST."
(let loop ((lst lst)
(seen vlist-null)
(result '()))
(match lst
(()
(reverse result))
((head . tail)
(loop tail
(vhash-cons head #t seen)
(if (vhash-assoc head seen)
(cons head result)
result))))))
(define (activate-users+groups users groups)
"Make sure USERS (a list of user account records) and GROUPS (a list of user
group records) are all available."
(define (make-home-directory user)
(let ((home (user-account-home-directory user))
(pwd (getpwnam (user-account-name user))))
(mkdir-p home)
;; Always set ownership and permissions for home directories of system
;; accounts. If a service needs looser permissions on its home
;; directories, it can always chmod it in an activation snippet.
(chown home (passwd:uid pwd) (passwd:gid pwd))
(chmod home #o700)))
(define system-accounts
(filter (lambda (user)
(and (user-account-system? user)
(user-account-create-home-directory? user)))
users))
;; Allow home directories to be created under /var/lib.
(mkdir-p "/var/lib")
;; Take same lock as libc's 'lckpwdf' (but without a timeout) while we read
;; and write the databases. This ensures there's no race condition with
;; other tools that might be accessing it at the same time.
(with-file-lock %password-lock-file
(let-values (((groups passwd shadow)
(user+group-databases users groups)))
(write-group groups)
(write-passwd passwd)
(write-shadow shadow)))
;; Home directories of non-system accounts are created by
;; 'activate-user-home'.
(for-each make-home-directory system-accounts)
;; Turn shared home directories, such as /var/empty, into root-owned,
;; read-only places.
(for-each (lambda (directory)
(chown directory 0 0)
(chmod directory #o555))
(duplicates (map user-account-home-directory system-accounts))))
(define (activate-user-home users)
"Create and populate the home directory of USERS, a list of tuples, unless
they already exist."
(define ensure-user-home
(lambda (user)
(let ((name (user-account-name user))
(home (user-account-home-directory user))
(create-home? (user-account-create-home-directory? user))
(system? (user-account-system? user)))
;; The home directories of system accounts are created during
;; activation, not here.
(unless (or (not home) (not create-home?) system?
(directory-exists? home))
(let* ((pw (getpwnam name))
(uid (passwd:uid pw))
(gid (passwd:gid pw)))
(mkdir-p home)
(chown home uid gid)
(chmod home #o700)
(copy-account-skeletons home
#:uid uid #:gid gid))))))
(for-each ensure-user-home users))
(define (activate-etc etc)
"Install ETC, a directory in the store, as the source of static files for
/etc."
;; /etc is a mixture of static and dynamic settings. Here is where we
;; initialize it from the static part.
(define (rm-f file)
(false-if-exception (delete-file file)))
(format #t "populating /etc from ~a...~%" etc)
(mkdir-p "/etc")
;; Create the /etc/ssl -> /run/current-system/profile/etc/ssl symlink. This
;; symlink, to a target outside of the store, probably doesn't belong in the
;; static 'etc' store directory. However, if it were to be put there,
;; beware that if /run/current-system/profile/etc/ssl doesn't exist at the
;; time of activation (e.g. when installing a fresh system), the call to
;; 'file-is-directory?' below will fail because it uses 'stat', not 'lstat'.
(rm-f "/etc/ssl")
(symlink "/run/current-system/profile/etc/ssl" "/etc/ssl")
(rm-f "/etc/static")
(symlink etc "/etc/static")
(for-each (lambda (file)
(let ((target (string-append "/etc/" file))
(source (string-append "/etc/static/" file)))
(rm-f target)
;; Things such as /etc/sudoers must be regular files, not
;; symlinks; furthermore, they could be modified behind our
;; back---e.g., with 'visudo'. Thus, make a copy instead of
;; symlinking them.
(if (file-is-directory? source)
(symlink source target)
(copy-file source target))
;; XXX: Dirty hack to meet sudo's expectations.
(when (string=? (basename target) "sudoers")
(chmod target #o440))))
(scandir etc (negate dot-or-dot-dot?)
;; The default is 'string-locale<?', but we don't have
;; it when run from the initrd's statically-linked
;; Guile.
string<?)))
(define %setuid-directory
;; Place where setuid programs are stored.
"/run/setuid-programs")
(define (activate-setuid-programs programs)
"Turn PROGRAMS, a list of file names, into setuid programs stored under
%SETUID-DIRECTORY."
(define (make-setuid-program prog)
(let ((target (string-append %setuid-directory
"/" (basename prog))))
(copy-file prog target)
(chown target 0 0)
(chmod target #o6555)))
(format #t "setting up setuid programs in '~a'...~%"
%setuid-directory)
(if (file-exists? %setuid-directory)
(for-each (compose delete-file
(cut string-append %setuid-directory "/" <>))
(scandir %setuid-directory
(lambda (file)
(not (member file '("." ".."))))
string<?))
(mkdir-p %setuid-directory))
(for-each (lambda (program)
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(make-setuid-program program))
(lambda args
;; If we fail to create a setuid program, better keep going
;; so that we don't leave %SETUID-DIRECTORY empty or
;; half-populated. This can happen if PROGRAMS contains
;; incorrect file names: <https://bugs.gnu.org/38800>.
(format (current-error-port)
"warning: failed to make '~a' setuid-root: ~a~%"
program (strerror (system-error-errno args))))))
programs))
(define (activate-special-files special-files)
"Install the files listed in SPECIAL-FILES. Each element of SPECIAL-FILES
is a pair where the first element is the name of the special file and the
second element is the name it should appear at, such as:
((\"/bin/sh\" \"/gnu/store/…-bash/bin/sh\")
(\"/usr/bin/env\" \"/gnu/store/…-coreutils/bin/env\"))
"
(define install-special-file
(match-lambda
((target file)
(let ((pivot (string-append target ".new")))
(mkdir-p (dirname target))
(symlink file pivot)
(rename-file pivot target)))))
(for-each install-special-file special-files))
(define (activate-modprobe modprobe)
"Tell the kernel to use MODPROBE to load modules."
;; If the kernel was built without loadable module support, this file is
;; unavailable, so check for its existence first.
(when (file-exists? "/proc/sys/kernel/modprobe")
(call-with-output-file "/proc/sys/kernel/modprobe"
(lambda (port)
(display modprobe port)))))
(define (activate-firmware directory)
"Tell the kernel to look for device firmware under DIRECTORY. This
mechanism bypasses udev: it allows Linux to handle firmware loading directly
by itself, without having to resort to a \"user helper\"."
(call-with-output-file "/sys/module/firmware_class/parameters/path"
(lambda (port)
(display directory port))))
(define (activate-ptrace-attach)
"Allow users to PTRACE_ATTACH their own processes.
This works around a regression introduced in the default \"security\" policy
found in Linux 3.4 onward that prevents users from attaching to their own
processes--see Yama.txt in the Linux source tree for the rationale. This
sounds like an unacceptable restriction for little or no security
improvement."
(let ((file "/proc/sys/kernel/yama/ptrace_scope"))
(when (file-exists? file)
(call-with-output-file file
(lambda (port)
(display 0 port))))))
(define %current-system
;; The system that is current (a symlink.) This is not necessarily the same
;; as the system we booted (aka. /run/booted-system) because we can re-build
;; a new system configuration and activate it, without rebooting.
"/run/current-system")
(define (boot-time-system)
"Return the '--system' argument passed on the kernel command line."
(find-long-option "--system" (if (string-contains %host-type "linux-gnu")
(linux-command-line)
(command-line))))
(define* (activate-current-system
#:optional (system (or (getenv "GUIX_NEW_SYSTEM")
(boot-time-system))))
"Atomically make SYSTEM the current system."
;; The 'GUIX_NEW_SYSTEM' environment variable is used as a way for 'guix
;; system reconfigure' to pass the file name of the new system.
(format #t "making '~a' the current system...~%" system)
;; Atomically make SYSTEM current.
(let ((new (string-append %current-system ".new")))
(symlink system new)
(rename-file new %current-system)))
;;; activation.scm ends here