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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2019, 2020 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (guix git-authenticate)
#:use-module (git)
#:autoload (gcrypt hash) (sha256)
#:use-module (guix base16)
#:autoload (guix base64) (base64-encode)
#:use-module ((guix git)
#:select (commit-difference false-if-git-not-found))
#:use-module (guix i18n)
#:use-module (guix openpgp)
#:use-module ((guix utils)
#:select (cache-directory with-atomic-file-output))
#:use-module ((guix build utils)
#:select (mkdir-p))
#:use-module (guix progress)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-11)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
#:use-module (rnrs bytevectors)
#:use-module (rnrs io ports)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:autoload (ice-9 pretty-print) (pretty-print)
#:export (read-authorizations
commit-signing-key
commit-authorized-keys
authenticate-commit
authenticate-commits
load-keyring-from-reference
previously-authenticated-commits
cache-authenticated-commit
repository-cache-key
authenticate-repository
git-authentication-error?
git-authentication-error-commit
unsigned-commit-error?
unauthorized-commit-error?
unauthorized-commit-error-signing-key
signature-verification-error?
signature-verification-error-keyring
signature-verification-error-signature
missing-key-error?
missing-key-error-signature))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; This module provides tools to authenticate a range of Git commits. A
;;; commit is considered "authentic" if and only if it is signed by an
;;; authorized party. Parties authorized to sign a commit are listed in the
;;; '.guix-authorizations' file of the parent commit.
;;;
;;; Code:
(define-condition-type &git-authentication-error &error
git-authentication-error?
(commit git-authentication-error-commit))
(define-condition-type &unsigned-commit-error &git-authentication-error
unsigned-commit-error?)
(define-condition-type &unauthorized-commit-error &git-authentication-error
unauthorized-commit-error?
(signing-key unauthorized-commit-error-signing-key))
(define-condition-type &signature-verification-error &git-authentication-error
signature-verification-error?
(signature signature-verification-error-signature)
(keyring signature-verification-error-keyring))
(define-condition-type &missing-key-error &git-authentication-error
missing-key-error?
(signature missing-key-error-signature))
(define* (commit-signing-key repo commit-id keyring
#:key (disallowed-hash-algorithms '(sha1)))
"Return the OpenPGP key that signed COMMIT-ID (an OID). Raise an exception
if the commit is unsigned, has an invalid signature, has a signature using one
of the hash algorithms in DISALLOWED-HASH-ALGORITHMS, or if its signing key is
not in KEYRING."
(let-values (((signature signed-data)
(catch 'git-error
(lambda ()
(commit-extract-signature repo commit-id))
(lambda _
(values #f #f)))))
(unless signature
(raise (condition
(&unsigned-commit-error (commit commit-id))
(&message
(message (format #f (G_ "commit ~a lacks a signature")
(oid->string commit-id)))))))
(let ((signature (string->openpgp-packet signature)))
(when (memq (openpgp-signature-hash-algorithm signature)
`(,@disallowed-hash-algorithms md5))
(raise (condition
(&unsigned-commit-error (commit commit-id))
(&message
(message (format #f (G_ "commit ~a has a ~a signature, \
which is not permitted")
(oid->string commit-id)
(openpgp-signature-hash-algorithm
signature)))))))
(with-fluids ((%default-port-encoding "UTF-8"))
(let-values (((status data)
(verify-openpgp-signature signature keyring
(open-input-string signed-data))))
(match status
('bad-signature
;; There's a signature but it's invalid.
(raise (condition
(&signature-verification-error (commit commit-id)
(signature signature)
(keyring keyring))
(&message
(message (format #f (G_ "signature verification failed \
for commit ~a")
(oid->string commit-id)))))))
('missing-key
(raise (condition
(&missing-key-error (commit commit-id)
(signature signature))
(&message
(message (format #f (G_ "could not authenticate \
commit ~a: key ~a is missing")
(oid->string commit-id)
(openpgp-format-fingerprint data)))))))
('good-signature data)))))))
(define (read-authorizations port)
"Read authorizations in the '.guix-authorizations' format from PORT, and
return a list of authorized fingerprints."
(match (read port)
(('authorizations ('version 0)
(((? string? fingerprints) _ ...) ...)
_ ...)
(map (lambda (fingerprint)
(base16-string->bytevector
(string-downcase (string-filter char-set:graphic fingerprint))))
fingerprints))))
(define* (commit-authorized-keys repository commit
#:optional (default-authorizations '()))
"Return the list of OpenPGP fingerprints authorized to sign COMMIT, based on
authorizations listed in its parent commits. If one of the parent commits
does not specify anything, fall back to DEFAULT-AUTHORIZATIONS."
(define (parents-have-authorizations-file? commit)
;; Return true if at least one of the parents of COMMIT has the
;; '.guix-authorizations' file.
(find (lambda (commit)
(false-if-git-not-found
(tree-entry-bypath (commit-tree commit)
".guix-authorizations")))
(commit-parents commit)))
(define (assert-parents-lack-authorizations commit)
;; If COMMIT removes the '.guix-authorizations' file found in one of its
;; parents, raise an error.
(when (parents-have-authorizations-file? commit)
(raise (condition
(&unauthorized-commit-error (commit (commit-id commit))
(signing-key #f))
(&message
(message (format #f (G_ "commit ~a attempts \
to remove '.guix-authorizations' file")
(oid->string (commit-id commit)))))))))
(define (commit-authorizations commit)
(catch 'git-error
(lambda ()
(let* ((tree (commit-tree commit))
(entry (tree-entry-bypath tree ".guix-authorizations"))
(blob (blob-lookup repository (tree-entry-id entry))))
(read-authorizations
(open-bytevector-input-port (blob-content blob)))))
(lambda (key error)
(if (= (git-error-code error) GIT_ENOTFOUND)
(begin
;; Prevent removal of '.guix-authorizations' since it would make
;; it trivial to force a fallback to DEFAULT-AUTHORIZATIONS.
(assert-parents-lack-authorizations commit)
default-authorizations)
(throw key error)))))
(match (commit-parents commit)
(() default-authorizations)
(parents
(apply lset-intersection bytevector=?
(map commit-authorizations parents)))))
(define* (authenticate-commit repository commit keyring
#:key (default-authorizations '()))
"Authenticate COMMIT from REPOSITORY and return the signing key fingerprint.
Raise an error when authentication fails. If one of the parent commits does
not specify anything, fall back to DEFAULT-AUTHORIZATIONS."
(define id
(commit-id commit))
(define recent-commit?
(false-if-git-not-found
(tree-entry-bypath (commit-tree commit) ".guix-authorizations")))
(define signing-key
(commit-signing-key repository id keyring
;; Reject SHA1 signatures unconditionally as suggested
;; by the authors of "SHA-1 is a Shambles" (2019).
;; Accept it for "historical" commits (there are such
;; signatures from April 2020 in the repository).
#:disallowed-hash-algorithms
(if recent-commit? '(sha1) '())))
(unless (member (openpgp-public-key-fingerprint signing-key)
(commit-authorized-keys repository commit
default-authorizations))
(raise (condition
(&unauthorized-commit-error (commit id)
(signing-key signing-key))
(&message
(message (format #f (G_ "commit ~a not signed by an authorized \
key: ~a")
(oid->string id)
(openpgp-format-fingerprint
(openpgp-public-key-fingerprint
signing-key))))))))
signing-key)
(define (load-keyring-from-blob repository oid keyring)
"Augment KEYRING with the keyring available in the blob at OID, which may or
may not be ASCII-armored."
(let* ((blob (blob-lookup repository oid))
(port (open-bytevector-input-port (blob-content blob))))
(get-openpgp-keyring (if (port-ascii-armored? port)
(open-bytevector-input-port (read-radix-64 port))
port)
keyring)))
(define (load-keyring-from-reference repository reference)
"Load the '.key' files from the tree at REFERENCE in REPOSITORY and return
an OpenPGP keyring."
(let* ((reference (branch-lookup repository reference BRANCH-ALL))
(target (reference-target reference))
(commit (commit-lookup repository target))
(tree (commit-tree commit)))
(fold (lambda (name keyring)
(if (string-suffix? ".key" name)
(let ((entry (tree-entry-bypath tree name)))
(load-keyring-from-blob repository
(tree-entry-id entry)
keyring))
keyring))
%empty-keyring
(tree-list tree))))
(define* (authenticate-commits repository commits
#:key
(default-authorizations '())
(keyring-reference "keyring")
(keyring (load-keyring-from-reference
repository keyring-reference))
(report-progress (const #t)))
"Authenticate COMMITS, a list of commit objects, calling REPORT-PROGRESS for
each of them. Return an alist showing the number of occurrences of each key.
If KEYRING is omitted, the OpenPGP keyring is loaded from KEYRING-REFERENCE in
REPOSITORY."
(fold (lambda (commit stats)
(report-progress)
(let ((signer (authenticate-commit repository commit keyring
#:default-authorizations
default-authorizations)))
(match (assq signer stats)
(#f (cons `(,signer . 1) stats))
((_ . count) (cons `(,signer . ,(+ count 1))
(alist-delete signer stats))))))
'()
commits))
;;;
;;; Caching.
;;;
(define (authenticated-commit-cache-file key)
"Return the name of the file that contains the cache of
previously-authenticated commits for KEY."
(string-append (cache-directory) "/authentication/" key))
(define (previously-authenticated-commits key)
"Return the previously-authenticated commits under KEY as a list of commit
IDs (hex strings)."
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(call-with-input-file (authenticated-commit-cache-file key)
(lambda (port)
;; If PORT has the wrong permissions, it might have been tampered
;; with by another user so ignore its contents.
(if (= #o600 (stat:perms (stat port)))
(read port)
(begin
(chmod port #o600)
'())))))
(lambda args
(if (= ENOENT (system-error-errno args))
'()
(apply throw args)))))
(define (cache-authenticated-commit key commit-id)
"Record in ~/.cache, under KEY, COMMIT-ID and its closure as
authenticated (only COMMIT-ID is written to cache, though)."
(define %max-cache-length
;; Maximum number of commits in cache.
200)
(let ((lst (delete-duplicates
(cons commit-id (previously-authenticated-commits key))))
(file (authenticated-commit-cache-file key)))
(mkdir-p (dirname file))
(with-atomic-file-output file
(lambda (port)
(let ((lst (if (> (length lst) %max-cache-length)
(take lst %max-cache-length) ;truncate
lst)))
(chmod port #o600)
(display ";; List of previously-authenticated commits.\n\n"
port)
(pretty-print lst port))))))
;;;
;;; High-level interface.
;;;
(define (repository-cache-key repository)
"Return a unique key to store the authenticate commit cache for REPOSITORY."
(string-append "checkouts/"
(base64-encode
(sha256 (string->utf8 (repository-directory repository))))))
(define (verify-introductory-commit repository keyring commit expected-signer)
"Look up COMMIT in REPOSITORY, and raise an exception if it is not signed by
EXPECTED-SIGNER."
(define actual-signer
(openpgp-public-key-fingerprint
(commit-signing-key repository (commit-id commit) keyring)))
(unless (bytevector=? expected-signer actual-signer)
(raise (condition
(&message
(message (format #f (G_ "initial commit ~a is signed by '~a' \
instead of '~a'")
(oid->string (commit-id commit))
(openpgp-format-fingerprint actual-signer)
(openpgp-format-fingerprint expected-signer))))))))
(define* (authenticate-repository repository start signer
#:key
(keyring-reference "keyring")
(cache-key (repository-cache-key repository))
(end (reference-target
(repository-head repository)))
(historical-authorizations '())
(make-reporter
(const progress-reporter/silent)))
"Authenticate REPOSITORY up to commit END, an OID. Authentication starts
with commit START, an OID, which must be signed by SIGNER; an exception is
raised if that is not the case. Return an alist mapping OpenPGP public keys
to the number of commits signed by that key that have been traversed.
The OpenPGP keyring is loaded from KEYRING-REFERENCE in REPOSITORY, where
KEYRING-REFERENCE is the name of a branch. The list of authenticated commits
is cached in the authentication cache under CACHE-KEY.
HISTORICAL-AUTHORIZATIONS must be a list of OpenPGP fingerprints (bytevectors)
denoting the authorized keys for commits whose parent lack the
'.guix-authorizations' file."
(define start-commit
(commit-lookup repository start))
(define end-commit
(commit-lookup repository end))
(define keyring
(load-keyring-from-reference repository keyring-reference))
(define authenticated-commits
;; Previously-authenticated commits that don't need to be checked again.
(filter-map (lambda (id)
(false-if-git-not-found
(commit-lookup repository (string->oid id))))
(previously-authenticated-commits cache-key)))
(define commits
;; Commits to authenticate, excluding the closure of
;; AUTHENTICATED-COMMITS.
(commit-difference end-commit start-commit
authenticated-commits))
;; When COMMITS is empty, it's because END-COMMIT is in the closure of
;; START-COMMIT and/or AUTHENTICATED-COMMITS, in which case it's known to
;; be authentic already.
(if (null? commits)
'()
(let ((reporter (make-reporter start-commit end-commit commits)))
;; If it's our first time, verify START-COMMIT's signature.
(when (null? authenticated-commits)
(verify-introductory-commit repository keyring
start-commit signer))
(let ((stats (call-with-progress-reporter reporter
(lambda (report)
(authenticate-commits repository commits
#:keyring keyring
#:default-authorizations
historical-authorizations
#:report-progress report)))))
(cache-authenticated-commit cache-key
(oid->string (commit-id end-commit)))
stats))))