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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (guix ftp-client)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-9)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-11)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-31)
#:use-module (ice-9 binary-ports)
#:use-module (rnrs bytevectors)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 regex)
#:use-module (ice-9 rdelim)
#:export (ftp-connection?
ftp-connection-addrinfo
connect*
ftp-open
ftp-close
ftp-chdir
ftp-size
ftp-list
ftp-retr))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; Simple FTP client (RFC 959).
;;;
;;; Code:
;; TODO: Use SRFI-3{4,5} error conditions.
(define-record-type <ftp-connection>
(%make-ftp-connection socket addrinfo)
ftp-connection?
(socket ftp-connection-socket)
(addrinfo ftp-connection-addrinfo))
(define %ftp-ready-rx
(make-regexp "^([0-9]{3}) (.+)$"))
(define (%ftp-listen port)
(let loop ((line (read-line port)))
(cond ((eof-object? line) (values line #f))
((regexp-exec %ftp-ready-rx line)
=>
(lambda (match)
(values (string->number (match:substring match 1))
(match:substring match 2))))
(else
(loop (read-line port))))))
(define (%ftp-command command expected-code port)
(format port "~A~A~A" command (string #\return) (string #\newline))
(let-values (((code message) (%ftp-listen port)))
(if (eqv? code expected-code)
message
(throw 'ftp-error port command code message))))
(define (%ftp-login user pass port)
(let ((command (string-append "USER " user
(string #\return) (string #\newline))))
(display command port)
(let-values (((code message) (%ftp-listen port)))
(case code
((230) #t)
((331) (%ftp-command (string-append "PASS " pass) 230 port))
(else (throw 'ftp-error port command code message))))))
(define-syntax-rule (catch-EINPROGRESS body ...)
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
body ...)
(lambda args
(unless (= (system-error-errno args) EINPROGRESS)
(apply throw args)))))
;; XXX: For lack of a better place.
(define* (connect* s sockaddr #:optional timeout)
"When TIMEOUT is omitted or #f, this procedure is equivalent to 'connect'.
When TIMEOUT is a number, it is the (possibly inexact) maximum number of
seconds to wait for the connection to succeed."
(define (raise-error errno)
(throw 'system-error 'connect* "~A"
(list (strerror errno))
(list errno)))
(if timeout
(let ((flags (fcntl s F_GETFL)))
(fcntl s F_SETFL (logior flags O_NONBLOCK))
(catch-EINPROGRESS (connect s sockaddr))
(match (select '() (list s) (list s) timeout)
((() () ())
;; Time is up!
(raise-error ETIMEDOUT))
((() (write) ())
;; Check for ECONNREFUSED and the likes.
(fcntl s F_SETFL flags)
(let ((errno (getsockopt s SOL_SOCKET SO_ERROR)))
(unless (zero? errno)
(raise-error errno))))
((() () (except))
;; Seems like this cannot really happen, but who knows.
(let ((errno (getsockopt s SOL_SOCKET SO_ERROR)))
(raise-error errno)))))
(connect s sockaddr)))
(define* (ftp-open host #:optional (port "ftp")
#:key timeout
(username "anonymous")
(password "guix@example.com"))
"Open an FTP connection to HOST on PORT (a service-identifying string,
or a TCP port number), and return it.
When TIMEOUT is not #f, it must be a (possibly inexact) number denoting the
maximum duration in seconds to wait for the connection to complete; passed
TIMEOUT, an ETIMEDOUT error is raised."
;; Using "ftp" for PORT instead of 21 allows 'getaddrinfo' to return only
;; TCP/IP addresses (otherwise it would return SOCK_DGRAM and SOCK_RAW
;; addresses as well.) With our bootstrap Guile, which includes a
;; statically-linked NSS, resolving "ftp" works well, as long as
;; /etc/services is available.
(define addresses
(getaddrinfo host
(if (number? port) (number->string port) port)
(if (number? port)
(logior AI_ADDRCONFIG AI_NUMERICSERV)
AI_ADDRCONFIG)))
(let loop ((addresses addresses))
(match addresses
((ai rest ...)
(let ((s (socket (addrinfo:fam ai)
;; TCP/IP only
SOCK_STREAM IPPROTO_IP)))
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(connect* s (addrinfo:addr ai) timeout)
(setvbuf s 'line)
(let-values (((code message) (%ftp-listen s)))
(if (eqv? code 220)
(begin
;;(%ftp-command "OPTS UTF8 ON" 200 s)
(%ftp-login username password s)
(%make-ftp-connection s ai))
(begin
(close s)
(throw 'ftp-error s "log-in" code message)))))
(lambda args
;; Connection failed, so try one of the other addresses.
(close s)
(if (null? rest)
(apply throw args)
(loop rest)))))))))
(define (ftp-close conn)
(close (ftp-connection-socket conn)))
(define %char-set:not-slash
(char-set-complement (char-set #\/)))
(define (ftp-chdir conn dir)
"Change to directory DIR."
;; On ftp.gnupg.org, "PASV" right after "CWD /gcrypt/gnupg" hangs. Doing
;; CWD in two steps works, so just do this.
(let ((components (string-tokenize dir %char-set:not-slash)))
(fold (lambda (dir result)
(%ftp-command (string-append "CWD " dir) 250
(ftp-connection-socket conn)))
#f
(if (string-prefix? "/" dir)
(cons "/" components)
components))))
(define (ftp-size conn file)
"Return the size in bytes of FILE."
;; Ask for "binary mode", otherwise some servers, such as sourceware.org,
;; fail with 550 ("SIZE not allowed in ASCII mode").
(%ftp-command "TYPE I" 200 (ftp-connection-socket conn))
(let ((message (%ftp-command (string-append "SIZE " file) 213
(ftp-connection-socket conn))))
(string->number (string-trim-both message))))
(define (ftp-pasv conn)
(define %pasv-rx
(make-regexp "([0-9]+),([0-9]+),([0-9]+),([0-9]+),([0-9]+),([0-9]+)"))
(let ((message (%ftp-command "PASV" 227 (ftp-connection-socket conn))))
(cond ((regexp-exec %pasv-rx message)
=>
(lambda (match)
(+ (* (string->number (match:substring match 5)) 256)
(string->number (match:substring match 6)))))
(else
(throw 'ftp-error conn "PASV" 227 message)))))
(define (address-with-port sa port)
"Return a socket-address object based on SA, but with PORT."
(let ((fam (sockaddr:fam sa))
(addr (sockaddr:addr sa)))
(cond ((= fam AF_INET)
(make-socket-address fam addr port))
((= fam AF_INET6)
(make-socket-address fam addr port
(sockaddr:flowinfo sa)
(sockaddr:scopeid sa)))
(else #f))))
(define* (ftp-list conn #:optional directory #:key timeout)
(if directory
(ftp-chdir conn directory))
(let* ((port (ftp-pasv conn))
(ai (ftp-connection-addrinfo conn))
(s (socket (addrinfo:fam ai) (addrinfo:socktype ai)
(addrinfo:protocol ai))))
(connect* s (address-with-port (addrinfo:addr ai) port) timeout)
(setvbuf s 'line)
(dynamic-wind
(lambda () #t)
(lambda ()
(%ftp-command "LIST" 150 (ftp-connection-socket conn))
(let loop ((line (read-line s))
(result '()))
(cond ((eof-object? line) (reverse result))
((regexp-exec %ftp-ready-rx line)
=>
(lambda (match)
(let ((code (string->number (match:substring match 1))))
(if (= 126 code)
(reverse result)
(throw 'ftp-error conn "LIST" code)))))
(else
(loop (read-line s)
(match (reverse (string-tokenize line))
((file _ ... permissions)
(let ((type (case (string-ref permissions 0)
((#\d) 'directory)
(else 'file))))
(cons (list file type) result)))
((file _ ...)
(cons (cons file 'file) result))))))))
(lambda ()
(close s)
(let-values (((code message) (%ftp-listen (ftp-connection-socket conn))))
(or (eqv? code 226)
(throw 'ftp-error conn "LIST" code message)))))))
(define* (ftp-retr conn file #:optional directory
#:key timeout)
"Retrieve FILE from DIRECTORY (or, if omitted, the current directory) from
FTP connection CONN. Return a binary port to that file. The returned port
must be closed before CONN can be used for other purposes."
(if directory
(ftp-chdir conn directory))
;; Ask for "binary mode".
(%ftp-command "TYPE I" 200 (ftp-connection-socket conn))
(let* ((port (ftp-pasv conn))
(ai (ftp-connection-addrinfo conn))
(s (with-fluids ((%default-port-encoding #f))
(socket (addrinfo:fam ai) (addrinfo:socktype ai)
(addrinfo:protocol ai)))))
(define (terminate)
(close s)
(let-values (((code message) (%ftp-listen (ftp-connection-socket conn))))
(or (eqv? code 226)
(throw 'ftp-error conn "LIST" code message))))
(connect* s (address-with-port (addrinfo:addr ai) port) timeout)
(setvbuf s 'line)
(%ftp-command (string-append "RETR " file)
150 (ftp-connection-socket conn))
(make-custom-binary-input-port "FTP RETR port"
(rec (read! bv start count)
(match (get-bytevector-n! s bv
start count)
((? eof-object?) 0)
(0
;; Nothing available yet, so try
;; again. This is important because
;; the return value of `read!' makes
;; it impossible to distinguish
;; between "not yet" and "EOF".
(read! bv start count))
(read read)))
#f #f ; no get/set position
terminate)))
;;; ftp-client.scm ends here