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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (guix serialization)
#:use-module (guix utils)
#:use-module (rnrs bytevectors)
#:use-module (rnrs io ports)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 ftw)
#:export (write-int read-int
write-long-long read-long-long
write-padding
write-string read-string read-latin1-string
write-string-list read-string-list
write-string-pairs
write-store-path read-store-path
write-store-path-list read-store-path-list
&nar-error
nar-error?
nar-error-port
nar-error-file
&nar-read-error
nar-read-error?
nar-read-error-token
write-file
restore-file))
;;; Comment:
;;;
;;; Serialization procedures used by the RPCs and the Nar format. This module
;;; is for internal consumption.
;;;
;;; Code:
;; Similar to serialize.cc in Nix.
(define (write-int n p)
(let ((b (make-bytevector 8 0)))
(bytevector-u32-set! b 0 n (endianness little))
(put-bytevector p b)))
(define (read-int p)
(let ((b (get-bytevector-n p 8)))
(bytevector-u32-ref b 0 (endianness little))))
(define (write-long-long n p)
(let ((b (make-bytevector 8 0)))
(bytevector-u64-set! b 0 n (endianness little))
(put-bytevector p b)))
(define (read-long-long p)
(let ((b (get-bytevector-n p 8)))
(bytevector-u64-ref b 0 (endianness little))))
(define write-padding
(let ((zero (make-bytevector 8 0)))
(lambda (n p)
(let ((m (modulo n 8)))
(or (zero? m)
(put-bytevector p zero 0 (- 8 m)))))))
(define (write-string s p)
(let* ((s (string->utf8 s))
(l (bytevector-length s))
(m (modulo l 8))
(b (make-bytevector (+ 8 l (if (zero? m) 0 (- 8 m))))))
(bytevector-u32-set! b 0 l (endianness little))
(bytevector-copy! s 0 b 8 l)
(put-bytevector p b)))
(define (read-string p)
(let* ((len (read-int p))
(m (modulo len 8))
(bv (get-bytevector-n p len))
(str (utf8->string bv)))
(or (zero? m)
(get-bytevector-n p (- 8 m)))
str))
(define (read-latin1-string p)
(let* ((len (read-int p))
(m (modulo len 8))
;; Note: do not use 'get-string-n' to work around Guile bug
;; <http://bugs.gnu.org/19621>. See <http://bugs.gnu.org/19610> for
;; a discussion.
(str (get-bytevector-n p len)))
(or (zero? m)
(get-bytevector-n p (- 8 m)))
;; XXX: Rewrite using (ice-9 iconv) when the minimum requirement is
;; upgraded to Guile >= 2.0.9.
(list->string (map integer->char (bytevector->u8-list str)))))
(define (write-string-list l p)
(write-int (length l) p)
(for-each (cut write-string <> p) l))
(define (write-string-pairs l p)
(write-int (length l) p)
(for-each (match-lambda
((first . second)
(write-string first p)
(write-string second p)))
l))
(define (read-string-list p)
(let ((len (read-int p)))
(unfold (cut >= <> len)
(lambda (i)
(read-string p))
1+
0)))
(define (write-store-path f p)
(write-string f p)) ; TODO: assert path
(define (read-store-path p)
(read-string p)) ; TODO: assert path
(define write-store-path-list write-string-list)
(define read-store-path-list read-string-list)
(define-condition-type &nar-error &error ; XXX: inherit from &nix-error ?
nar-error?
(file nar-error-file) ; file we were restoring, or #f
(port nar-error-port)) ; port from which we read
(define-condition-type &nar-read-error &nar-error
nar-read-error?
(token nar-read-error-token)) ; faulty token, or #f
(define (dump in out size)
"Copy SIZE bytes from IN to OUT."
(define buf-size 65536)
(define buf (make-bytevector buf-size))
(let loop ((left size))
(if (<= left 0)
0
(let ((read (get-bytevector-n! in buf 0 (min left buf-size))))
(if (eof-object? read)
left
(begin
(put-bytevector out buf 0 read)
(loop (- left read))))))))
(define (write-contents file p size)
"Write SIZE bytes from FILE to output port P."
(define (call-with-binary-input-file file proc)
;; Open FILE as a binary file. This avoids scan-for-encoding, and thus
;; avoids any initial buffering. Disable file name canonicalization to
;; avoid stat'ing like crazy.
(with-fluids ((%file-port-name-canonicalization #f))
(let ((port (open-file file "rb")))
(dynamic-wind
(const #t)
(cut proc port)
(lambda ()
(close-port port))))))
(write-string "contents" p)
(write-long-long size p)
(call-with-binary-input-file file
;; Use `sendfile' when available (Guile 2.0.8+).
(if (and (compile-time-value (defined? 'sendfile))
(file-port? p))
(cut sendfile p <> size 0)
(cut dump <> p size)))
(write-padding size p))
(define (read-contents in out)
"Read the contents of a file from the Nar at IN, write it to OUT, and return
the size in bytes."
(define executable?
(match (read-string in)
("contents"
#f)
("executable"
(match (list (read-string in) (read-string in))
(("" "contents") #t)
(x (raise
(condition (&message
(message "unexpected executable file marker"))
(&nar-read-error (port in)
(file #f)
(token x))))))
#t)
(x
(raise
(condition (&message (message "unsupported nar file type"))
(&nar-read-error (port in) (file #f) (token x)))))))
(let ((size (read-long-long in)))
;; Note: `sendfile' cannot be used here because of port buffering on IN.
(dump in out size)
(when executable?
(chmod out #o755))
(let ((m (modulo size 8)))
(unless (zero? m)
(get-bytevector-n in (- 8 m))))
size))
(define %archive-version-1
;; Magic cookie for Nix archives.
"nix-archive-1")
(define (write-file file port)
"Write the contents of FILE to PORT in Nar format, recursing into
sub-directories of FILE as needed."
(define p port)
(write-string %archive-version-1 p)
(let dump ((f file))
(let ((s (lstat f)))
(write-string "(" p)
(case (stat:type s)
((regular)
(write-string "type" p)
(write-string "regular" p)
(if (not (zero? (logand (stat:mode s) #o100)))
(begin
(write-string "executable" p)
(write-string "" p)))
(write-contents f p (stat:size s)))
((directory)
(write-string "type" p)
(write-string "directory" p)
(let ((entries
;; NOTE: Guile 2.0.5's 'scandir' returns all subdirectories
;; unconditionally, including "." and "..", regardless of the
;; 'select?' predicate passed to it, so we have to filter
;; those out externally.
(filter (negate (cut member <> '("." "..")))
;; 'scandir' defaults to 'string-locale<?' to sort
;; files, but this happens to be case-insensitive (at
;; least in 'en_US' locale on libc 2.18.) Conversely,
;; we want files to be sorted in a case-sensitive
;; fashion.
(scandir f (const #t) string<?))))
(for-each (lambda (e)
(let ((f (string-append f "/" e)))
(write-string "entry" p)
(write-string "(" p)
(write-string "name" p)
(write-string e p)
(write-string "node" p)
(dump f)
(write-string ")" p)))
entries)))
((symlink)
(write-string "type" p)
(write-string "symlink" p)
(write-string "target" p)
(write-string (readlink f) p))
(else
(raise (condition (&message (message "unsupported file type"))
(&nar-error (file f) (port port))))))
(write-string ")" p))))
(define (restore-file port file)
"Read a file (possibly a directory structure) in Nar format from PORT.
Restore it as FILE."
(let ((signature (read-string port)))
(unless (equal? signature %archive-version-1)
(raise
(condition (&message (message "invalid nar signature"))
(&nar-read-error (port port)
(token signature)
(file #f))))))
(let restore ((file file))
(define (read-eof-marker)
(match (read-string port)
(")" #t)
(x (raise
(condition
(&message (message "invalid nar end-of-file marker"))
(&nar-read-error (port port) (file file) (token x)))))))
(match (list (read-string port) (read-string port) (read-string port))
(("(" "type" "regular")
(call-with-output-file file (cut read-contents port <>))
(read-eof-marker))
(("(" "type" "symlink")
(match (list (read-string port) (read-string port))
(("target" target)
(symlink target file)
(read-eof-marker))
(x (raise
(condition
(&message (message "invalid symlink tokens"))
(&nar-read-error (port port) (file file) (token x)))))))
(("(" "type" "directory")
(let ((dir file))
(mkdir dir)
(let loop ((prefix (read-string port)))
(match prefix
("entry"
(match (list (read-string port)
(read-string port) (read-string port)
(read-string port))
(("(" "name" file "node")
(restore (string-append dir "/" file))
(match (read-string port)
(")" #t)
(x
(raise
(condition
(&message
(message "unexpected directory entry termination"))
(&nar-read-error (port port)
(file file)
(token x))))))
(loop (read-string port)))))
(")" #t) ; done with DIR
(x
(raise
(condition
(&message (message "unexpected directory inter-entry marker"))
(&nar-read-error (port port) (file file) (token x)))))))))
(x
(raise
(condition
(&message (message "unsupported nar entry type"))
(&nar-read-error (port port) (file file) (token x))))))))
;;; serialization.scm ends here