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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Ludovic Courtès <>
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <>.
(define-module (guix records)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-9)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 regex)
#:use-module (ice-9 rdelim)
#:export (define-record-type*
;;; Commentary:
;;; Utilities for dealing with Scheme records.
;;; Code:
(define-syntax record-error
(syntax-rules ()
"Report a syntactic error in use of CONSTRUCTOR."
((_ constructor form fmt args ...)
(syntax-violation constructor
(format #f fmt args ...)
(define* (make-syntactic-constructor type name ctor fields
#:key (thunked '()) (defaults '())
(delayed '()))
"Make the syntactic constructor NAME for TYPE, that calls CTOR, and expects
all of FIELDS to be initialized. DEFAULTS is the list of FIELD/DEFAULT-VALUE
tuples, THUNKED is the list of identifiers of thunked fields, and DELAYED is
the list of identifiers of delayed fields."
(with-syntax ((type type)
(name name)
(ctor ctor)
(expected fields)
(defaults defaults))
#`(define-syntax name
(lambda (s)
(define (record-inheritance orig-record field+value)
;; Produce code that returns a record identical to ORIG-RECORD,
;; except that values for the FIELD+VALUE alist prevail.
(define (field-inherited-value f)
(and=> (find (lambda (x)
(eq? f (car (syntax->datum x))))
;; Make sure there are no unknown field names.
(let* ((fields (map (compose car syntax->datum) field+value))
(unexpected (lset-difference eq? fields 'expected)))
(when (pair? unexpected)
(record-error 'name s "extraneous field initializers ~a"
#`(make-struct type 0
#,@(map (lambda (field index)
(or (field-inherited-value field)
#`(struct-ref #,orig-record
(iota (length 'expected)))))
(define (thunked-field? f)
(memq (syntax->datum f) '#,thunked))
(define (delayed-field? f)
(memq (syntax->datum f) '#,delayed))
(define (wrap-field-value f value)
(cond ((thunked-field? f)
#`(lambda () #,value))
((delayed-field? f)
#`(delay #,value))
(else value)))
(define (field-bindings field+value)
;; Return field to value bindings, for use in 'let*' below.
(map (lambda (field+value)
(syntax-case field+value ()
((field value)
#,(wrap-field-value #'field #'value)))))
(syntax-case s (inherit #,@fields)
((_ (inherit orig-record) (field value) (... ...))
#`(let* #,(field-bindings #'((field value) (... ...)))
#,(record-inheritance #'orig-record
#'((field value) (... ...)))))
((_ (field value) (... ...))
(let ((fields (map syntax->datum #'(field (... ...))))
(dflt (map (match-lambda
((f v)
(list (syntax->datum f) v)))
(define (field-value f)
(or (and=> (find (lambda (x)
(eq? f (car (syntax->datum x))))
#'((field value) (... ...)))
(let ((value
(car (assoc-ref dflt (syntax->datum f)))))
(wrap-field-value f value))))
(let ((fields (append fields (map car dflt))))
(cond ((lset= eq? fields 'expected)
#`(let* #,(field-bindings
#'((field value) (... ...)))
(ctor #,@(map field-value 'expected))))
((pair? (lset-difference eq? fields 'expected))
(record-error 'name s
"extraneous field initializers ~a"
(lset-difference eq? fields
(record-error 'name s
"missing field initializers ~a"
(lset-difference eq? 'expected
(define-syntax define-record-type*
(lambda (s)
"Define the given record type such that an additional \"syntactic
constructor\" is defined, which allows instances to be constructed with named
field initializers, à la SRFI-35, as well as default values. An example use
may look like this:
(define-record-type* <thing> thing make-thing
(name thing-name (default \"chbouib\"))
(port thing-port
(default (current-output-port)) (thunked)))
This example defines a macro 'thing' that can be used to instantiate records
of this type:
(name \"foo\")
(port (current-error-port)))
The value of 'name' or 'port' could as well be omitted, in which case the
default value specified in the 'define-record-type*' form is used:
The 'port' field is \"thunked\", meaning that calls like '(thing-port x)' will
actually compute the field's value in the current dynamic extent, which is
useful when referring to fluids in a field's value.
A field can also be marked as \"delayed\" instead of \"thunked\", in which
case its value is effectively wrapped in a (delay …) form.
It is possible to copy an object 'x' created with 'thing' like this:
(thing (inherit x) (name \"bar\"))
This expression returns a new object equal to 'x' except for its 'name'
(define (field-default-value s)
(syntax-case s (default)
((field (default val) _ ...)
(list #'field #'val))
((field _ options ...)
(field-default-value #'(field options ...)))
(_ #f)))
(define (delayed-field? s)
;; Return the field name if the field defined by S is delayed.
(syntax-case s (delayed)
((field (delayed) _ ...)
((field _ options ...)
(delayed-field? #'(field options ...)))
(_ #f)))
(define (thunked-field? s)
;; Return the field name if the field defined by S is thunked.
(syntax-case s (thunked)
((field (thunked) _ ...)
((field _ options ...)
(thunked-field? #'(field options ...)))
(_ #f)))
(define (wrapped-field? s)
(or (thunked-field? s) (delayed-field? s)))
(define (wrapped-field-accessor-name field)
;; Return the name (an unhygienic syntax object) of the "real"
;; getter for field, which is assumed to be a wrapped field.
(syntax-case field ()
((field get options ...)
(let* ((getter (syntax->datum #'get))
(real-getter (symbol-append '% getter '-real)))
(datum->syntax #'get real-getter)))))
(define (field-spec->srfi-9 field)
;; Convert a field spec of our style to a SRFI-9 field spec of the
;; form (field get).
(syntax-case field ()
((name get options ...)
#,(if (wrapped-field? field)
(wrapped-field-accessor-name field)
(define (thunked-field-accessor-definition field)
;; Return the real accessor for FIELD, which is assumed to be a
;; thunked field.
(syntax-case field ()
((name get _ ...)
(with-syntax ((real-get (wrapped-field-accessor-name field)))
#'(define-inlinable (get x)
;; The real value of that field is a thunk, so call it.
((real-get x)))))))
(define (delayed-field-accessor-definition field)
;; Return the real accessor for FIELD, which is assumed to be a
;; delayed field.
(syntax-case field ()
((name get _ ...)
(with-syntax ((real-get (wrapped-field-accessor-name field)))
#'(define-inlinable (get x)
;; The real value of that field is a promise, so force it.
(force (real-get x)))))))
(syntax-case s ()
((_ type syntactic-ctor ctor pred
(field get options ...) ...)
(let* ((field-spec #'((field get options ...) ...))
(thunked (filter-map thunked-field? field-spec))
(delayed (filter-map delayed-field? field-spec))
(defaults (filter-map field-default-value
#'((field options ...) ...))))
(with-syntax (((field-spec* ...)
(map field-spec->srfi-9 field-spec))
((thunked-field-accessor ...)
(filter-map (lambda (field)
(and (thunked-field? field)
((delayed-field-accessor ...)
(filter-map (lambda (field)
(and (delayed-field? field)
(define-record-type type
(ctor field ...)
field-spec* ...)
(begin thunked-field-accessor ...
delayed-field-accessor ...)
#,(make-syntactic-constructor #'type #'syntactic-ctor #'ctor
#'(field ...)
#:thunked thunked
#:delayed delayed
#:defaults defaults))))))))
(define* (alist->record alist make keys
#:optional (multiple-value-keys '()))
"Apply MAKE to the values associated with KEYS in ALIST. Items in KEYS that
are also in MULTIPLE-VALUE-KEYS are considered to occur possibly multiple
times in ALIST, and thus their value is a list."
(let ((args (map (lambda (key)
(if (member key multiple-value-keys)
(filter-map (match-lambda
((k . v)
(and (equal? k key) v)))
(assoc-ref alist key)))
(apply make args)))
(define (object->fields object fields port)
"Write OBJECT (typically a record) as a series of recutils-style fields to
PORT, according to FIELDS. FIELDS must be a list of field name/getter pairs."
(let loop ((fields fields))
(match fields
(((field . get) rest ...)
(format port "~a: ~a~%" field (get object))
(loop rest)))))
(define %recutils-field-charset
;; Valid characters starting a recutils field.
;; info "(recutils) Fields"
(char-set-union char-set:upper-case
(char-set #\%)))
(define (recutils->alist port)
"Read a recutils-style record from PORT and return it as a list of key/value
pairs. Stop upon an empty line (after consuming it) or EOF."
(let loop ((line (read-line port))
(result '()))
(cond ((eof-object? line)
(reverse result))
((string-null? line)
(if (null? result)
(loop (read-line port) result) ; leading space: ignore it
(reverse result))) ; end-of-record marker
;; Now check the first character of LINE, since that's what the
;; recutils manual says is enough.
(let ((first (string-ref line 0)))
((char-set-contains? %recutils-field-charset first)
(let* ((colon (string-index line #\:))
(field (string-take line colon))
(value (string-trim (string-drop line (+ 1 colon)))))
(loop (read-line port)
(alist-cons field value result))))
((eqv? first #\#) ;info "(recutils) Comments"
(loop (read-line port) result))
((eqv? first #\+) ;info "(recutils) Fields"
(let ((new-line (if (string-prefix? "+ " line)
(string-drop line 2)
(string-drop line 1))))
(match result
(((field . value) rest ...)
(loop (read-line port)
`((,field . ,(string-append value "\n" new-line))
(error "unmatched line" line))))))))
;;; records.scm ends here