Mirror of GNU Guix
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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2012, 2013 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (guix derivations)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-9)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (rnrs io ports)
#:use-module (rnrs bytevectors)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 rdelim)
#:use-module (guix store)
#:use-module (guix utils)
#:use-module (guix base32)
#:export (<derivation>
derivation?
derivation-outputs
derivation-inputs
derivation-sources
derivation-system
derivation-builder-arguments
derivation-builder-environment-vars
derivation-prerequisites
derivation-prerequisites-to-build
<derivation-output>
derivation-output?
derivation-output-path
derivation-output-hash-algo
derivation-output-hash
<derivation-input>
derivation-input?
derivation-input-path
derivation-input-sub-derivations
fixed-output-derivation?
derivation-hash
read-derivation
write-derivation
derivation-path->output-path
derivation-path->output-paths
derivation
%guile-for-build
build-expression->derivation
imported-files))
;;;
;;; Nix derivations, as implemented in Nix's `derivations.cc'.
;;;
(define-record-type <derivation>
(make-derivation outputs inputs sources system builder args env-vars)
derivation?
(outputs derivation-outputs) ; list of name/<derivation-output> pairs
(inputs derivation-inputs) ; list of <derivation-input>
(sources derivation-sources) ; list of store paths
(system derivation-system) ; string
(builder derivation-builder) ; store path
(args derivation-builder-arguments) ; list of strings
(env-vars derivation-builder-environment-vars)) ; list of name/value pairs
(define-record-type <derivation-output>
(make-derivation-output path hash-algo hash)
derivation-output?
(path derivation-output-path) ; store path
(hash-algo derivation-output-hash-algo) ; symbol | #f
(hash derivation-output-hash)) ; bytevector | #f
(define-record-type <derivation-input>
(make-derivation-input path sub-derivations)
derivation-input?
(path derivation-input-path) ; store path
(sub-derivations derivation-input-sub-derivations)) ; list of strings
(define (fixed-output-derivation? drv)
"Return #t if DRV is a fixed-output derivation, such as the result of a
download with a fixed hash (aka. `fetchurl')."
(match drv
(($ <derivation>
(($ <derivation-output> _ (? symbol?) (? string?))))
#t)
(_ #f)))
(define (derivation-prerequisites drv)
"Return the list of derivation-inputs required to build DRV, recursively."
(let loop ((drv drv)
(result '()))
(let ((inputs (remove (cut member <> result) ; XXX: quadratic
(derivation-inputs drv))))
(fold loop
(append inputs result)
(map (lambda (i)
(call-with-input-file (derivation-input-path i)
read-derivation))
inputs)))))
(define* (derivation-prerequisites-to-build store drv
#:key (outputs
(map
car
(derivation-outputs drv))))
"Return the list of derivation-inputs required to build the OUTPUTS of
DRV and not already available in STORE, recursively."
(define built?
(cut valid-path? store <>))
(define input-built?
(match-lambda
(($ <derivation-input> path sub-drvs)
(let ((out (map (cut derivation-path->output-path path <>)
sub-drvs)))
(any built? out)))))
(define (derivation-built? drv sub-drvs)
(match drv
(($ <derivation> outputs)
(let ((paths (map (lambda (sub-drv)
(derivation-output-path
(assoc-ref outputs sub-drv)))
sub-drvs)))
(every built? paths)))))
(let loop ((drv drv)
(sub-drvs outputs)
(result '()))
(if (derivation-built? drv sub-drvs)
result
(let ((inputs (remove (lambda (i)
(or (member i result) ; XXX: quadratic
(input-built? i)))
(derivation-inputs drv))))
(fold loop
(append inputs result)
(map (lambda (i)
(call-with-input-file (derivation-input-path i)
read-derivation))
inputs)
(map derivation-input-sub-derivations inputs))))))
(define (read-derivation drv-port)
"Read the derivation from DRV-PORT and return the corresponding
<derivation> object."
(define comma (string->symbol ","))
(define (ununquote x)
(match x
(('unquote x) (ununquote x))
((x ...) (map ununquote x))
(_ x)))
(define (outputs->alist x)
(fold-right (lambda (output result)
(match output
((name path "" "")
(alist-cons name
(make-derivation-output path #f #f)
result))
((name path hash-algo hash)
;; fixed-output
(let ((algo (string->symbol hash-algo))
(hash (base16-string->bytevector hash)))
(alist-cons name
(make-derivation-output path algo hash)
result)))))
'()
x))
(define (make-input-drvs x)
(fold-right (lambda (input result)
(match input
((path (sub-drvs ...))
(cons (make-derivation-input path sub-drvs)
result))))
'()
x))
;; The contents of a derivation are typically ASCII, but choosing
;; UTF-8 allows us to take the fast path for Guile's `scm_getc'.
(set-port-encoding! drv-port "UTF-8")
(let loop ((exp (read drv-port))
(result '()))
(match exp
((? eof-object?)
(let ((result (reverse result)))
(match result
(('Derive ((outputs ...) (input-drvs ...)
(input-srcs ...)
(? string? system)
(? string? builder)
((? string? args) ...)
((var value) ...)))
(make-derivation (outputs->alist outputs)
(make-input-drvs input-drvs)
input-srcs
system builder args
(fold-right alist-cons '() var value)))
(_
(error "failed to parse derivation" drv-port result)))))
((? (cut eq? <> comma))
(loop (read drv-port) result))
(_
(loop (read drv-port)
(cons (ununquote exp) result))))))
(define (write-derivation drv port)
"Write the ATerm-like serialization of DRV to PORT. See Section 2.4 of
Eelco Dolstra's PhD dissertation for an overview of a previous version of
that form."
;; Make sure we're using the faster implementation.
(define format simple-format)
(define (list->string lst)
(string-append "[" (string-join lst ",") "]"))
(define (write-list lst)
(display (list->string lst) port))
(define (coalesce-duplicate-inputs inputs)
;; Return a list of inputs, such that when INPUTS contains the same DRV
;; twice, they are coalesced, with their sub-derivations merged. This is
;; needed because Nix itself keeps only one of them.
(fold (lambda (input result)
(match input
(($ <derivation-input> path sub-drvs)
;; XXX: quadratic
(match (find (match-lambda
(($ <derivation-input> p s)
(string=? p path)))
result)
(#f
(cons input result))
((and dup ($ <derivation-input> _ sub-drvs2))
;; Merge DUP with INPUT.
(let ((sub-drvs (delete-duplicates
(append sub-drvs sub-drvs2))))
(cons (make-derivation-input path sub-drvs)
(delq dup result))))))))
'()
inputs))
;; Note: lists are sorted alphabetically, to conform with the behavior of
;; C++ `std::map' in Nix itself.
(match drv
(($ <derivation> outputs inputs sources
system builder args env-vars)
(display "Derive(" port)
(write-list (map (match-lambda
((name . ($ <derivation-output> path hash-algo hash))
(format #f "(~s,~s,~s,~s)"
name path
(or (and=> hash-algo symbol->string) "")
(or (and=> hash bytevector->base16-string)
""))))
(sort outputs
(lambda (o1 o2)
(string<? (car o1) (car o2))))))
(display "," port)
(write-list (map (match-lambda
(($ <derivation-input> path sub-drvs)
(format #f "(~s,~a)" path
(list->string (map object->string
(sort sub-drvs string<?))))))
(sort (coalesce-duplicate-inputs inputs)
(lambda (i1 i2)
(string<? (derivation-input-path i1)
(derivation-input-path i2))))))
(display "," port)
(write-list (map object->string (sort sources string<?)))
(format port ",~s,~s," system builder)
(write-list (map object->string args))
(display "," port)
(write-list (map (match-lambda
((name . value)
(format #f "(~s,~s)" name value)))
(sort env-vars
(lambda (e1 e2)
(string<? (car e1) (car e2))))))
(display ")" port))))
(define derivation-path->output-path
;; This procedure is called frequently, so memoize it.
(memoize
(lambda* (path #:optional (output "out"))
"Read the derivation from PATH (`/nix/store/xxx.drv'), and return the store
path of its output OUTPUT."
(let* ((drv (call-with-input-file path read-derivation))
(outputs (derivation-outputs drv)))
(and=> (assoc-ref outputs output) derivation-output-path)))))
(define (derivation-path->output-paths path)
"Read the derivation from PATH (`/nix/store/xxx.drv'), and return the
list of name/path pairs of its outputs."
(let* ((drv (call-with-input-file path read-derivation))
(outputs (derivation-outputs drv)))
(map (match-lambda
((name . output)
(cons name (derivation-output-path output))))
outputs)))
;;;
;;; Derivation primitive.
;;;
(define (compressed-hash bv size) ; `compressHash'
"Given the hash stored in BV, return a compressed version thereof that fits
in SIZE bytes."
(define new (make-bytevector size 0))
(define old-size (bytevector-length bv))
(let loop ((i 0))
(if (= i old-size)
new
(let* ((j (modulo i size))
(o (bytevector-u8-ref new j)))
(bytevector-u8-set! new j
(logxor o (bytevector-u8-ref bv i)))
(loop (+ 1 i))))))
(define derivation-hash ; `hashDerivationModulo' in derivations.cc
(memoize
(lambda (drv)
"Return the hash of DRV, modulo its fixed-output inputs, as a bytevector."
(match drv
(($ <derivation> ((_ . ($ <derivation-output> path
(? symbol? hash-algo) (? bytevector? hash)))))
;; A fixed-output derivation.
(sha256
(string->utf8
(string-append "fixed:out:" (symbol->string hash-algo)
":" (bytevector->base16-string hash)
":" path))))
(($ <derivation> outputs inputs sources
system builder args env-vars)
;; A regular derivation: replace the path of each input with that
;; input's hash; return the hash of serialization of the resulting
;; derivation.
(let* ((inputs (map (match-lambda
(($ <derivation-input> path sub-drvs)
(let ((hash (call-with-input-file path
(compose bytevector->base16-string
derivation-hash
read-derivation))))
(make-derivation-input hash sub-drvs))))
inputs))
(drv (make-derivation outputs inputs sources
system builder args env-vars)))
(sha256
(string->utf8 (call-with-output-string
(cut write-derivation drv <>))))))))))
(define (store-path type hash name) ; makeStorePath
"Return the store path for NAME/HASH/TYPE."
(let* ((s (string-append type ":sha256:"
(bytevector->base16-string hash) ":"
(%store-prefix) ":" name))
(h (sha256 (string->utf8 s)))
(c (compressed-hash h 20)))
(string-append (%store-prefix) "/"
(bytevector->nix-base32-string c) "-"
name)))
(define (output-path output hash name) ; makeOutputPath
"Return an output path for OUTPUT (the name of the output as a string) of
the derivation called NAME with hash HASH."
(store-path (string-append "output:" output) hash
(if (string=? output "out")
name
(string-append name "-" output))))
(define* (derivation store name system builder args env-vars inputs
#:key (outputs '("out")) hash hash-algo hash-mode)
"Build a derivation with the given arguments. Return the resulting
store path and <derivation> object. When HASH, HASH-ALGO, and HASH-MODE
are given, a fixed-output derivation is created---i.e., one whose result is
known in advance, such as a file download."
(define direct-store-path?
(let ((len (+ 1 (string-length (%store-prefix)))))
(lambda (p)
;; Return #t if P is a store path, and not a sub-directory of a
;; store path. This predicate is needed because files *under* a
;; store path are not valid inputs.
(and (store-path? p)
(not (string-index (substring p len) #\/))))))
(define (add-output-paths drv)
;; Return DRV with an actual store path for each of its output and the
;; corresponding environment variable.
(match drv
(($ <derivation> outputs inputs sources
system builder args env-vars)
(let* ((drv-hash (derivation-hash drv))
(outputs (map (match-lambda
((output-name . ($ <derivation-output>
_ algo hash))
(let ((path (output-path output-name
drv-hash name)))
(cons output-name
(make-derivation-output path algo
hash)))))
outputs)))
(make-derivation outputs inputs sources system builder args
(map (match-lambda
((name . value)
(cons name
(or (and=> (assoc-ref outputs name)
derivation-output-path)
value))))
env-vars))))))
(define (env-vars-with-empty-outputs)
;; Return a variant of ENV-VARS where each OUTPUTS is associated with an
;; empty string, even outputs that do not appear in ENV-VARS.
(let ((e (map (match-lambda
((name . val)
(if (member name outputs)
(cons name "")
(cons name val))))
env-vars)))
(fold (lambda (output-name env-vars)
(if (assoc output-name env-vars)
env-vars
(append env-vars `((,output-name . "")))))
e
outputs)))
(let* ((outputs (map (lambda (name)
;; Return outputs with an empty path.
(cons name
(make-derivation-output "" hash-algo hash)))
outputs))
(inputs (map (match-lambda
(((? direct-store-path? input))
(make-derivation-input input '("out")))
(((? direct-store-path? input) sub-drvs ...)
(make-derivation-input input sub-drvs))
((input . _)
(let ((path (add-to-store store
(basename input)
#t #t "sha256" input)))
(make-derivation-input path '()))))
(delete-duplicates inputs)))
(env-vars (env-vars-with-empty-outputs))
(drv-masked (make-derivation outputs
(filter (compose derivation-path?
derivation-input-path)
inputs)
(filter-map (lambda (i)
(let ((p (derivation-input-path i)))
(and (not (derivation-path? p))
p)))
inputs)
system builder args env-vars))
(drv (add-output-paths drv-masked)))
;; (write-derivation drv-masked (current-error-port))
;; (newline (current-error-port))
(values (add-text-to-store store (string-append name ".drv")
(call-with-output-string
(cut write-derivation drv <>))
(map derivation-input-path
inputs))
drv)))
;;;
;;; Guile-based builders.
;;;
(define %guile-for-build
;; The derivation of the Guile to be used within the build environment,
;; when using `build-expression->derivation'.
(make-parameter #f))
(define (parent-directories file-name)
"Return the list of parent dirs of FILE-NAME, in the order in which an
`mkdir -p' implementation would make them."
(let ((not-slash (char-set-complement (char-set #\/))))
(reverse
(fold (lambda (dir result)
(match result
(()
(list dir))
((prev _ ...)
(cons (string-append prev "/" dir)
result))))
'()
(remove (cut string=? <> ".")
(string-tokenize (dirname file-name) not-slash))))))
(define* (imported-files store files
#:key (name "file-import")
(system (%current-system))
(guile (%guile-for-build)))
"Return a derivation that imports FILES into STORE. FILES must be a list
of (FINAL-PATH . FILE-NAME) pairs; each FILE-NAME is read from the file
system, imported, and appears under FINAL-PATH in the resulting store path."
(let* ((files (map (match-lambda
((final-path . file-name)
(list final-path
(add-to-store store (basename final-path) #t #f
"sha256" file-name))))
files))
(builder
`(begin
(mkdir %output) (chdir %output)
,@(append-map (match-lambda
((final-path store-path)
(append (match (parent-directories final-path)
(() '())
((head ... tail)
(append (map (lambda (d)
`(false-if-exception
(mkdir ,d)))
head)
`((or (file-exists? ,tail)
(mkdir ,tail))))))
`((symlink ,store-path ,final-path)))))
files))))
(build-expression->derivation store name system
builder files
#:guile-for-build guile)))
(define* (imported-modules store modules
#:key (name "module-import")
(system (%current-system))
(guile (%guile-for-build)))
"Return a derivation that contains the source files of MODULES, a list of
module names such as `(ice-9 q)'. All of MODULES must be in the current
search path."
;; TODO: Determine the closure of MODULES, build the `.go' files,
;; canonicalize the source files through read/write, etc.
(let ((files (map (lambda (m)
(let ((f (string-append
(string-join (map symbol->string m) "/")
".scm")))
(cons f (search-path %load-path f))))
modules)))
(imported-files store files #:name name #:system system
#:guile guile)))
(define* (compiled-modules store modules
#:key (name "module-import-compiled")
(system (%current-system))
(guile (%guile-for-build)))
"Return a derivation that builds a tree containing the `.go' files
corresponding to MODULES. All the MODULES are built in a context where
they can refer to each other."
(let* ((module-drv (imported-modules store modules
#:system system
#:guile guile))
(module-dir (derivation-path->output-path module-drv))
(files (map (lambda (m)
(let ((f (string-join (map symbol->string m)
"/")))
(cons (string-append f ".go")
(string-append module-dir "/" f ".scm"))))
modules)))
(define builder
`(begin
(use-modules (system base compile))
(let ((out (assoc-ref %outputs "out")))
(mkdir out)
(chdir out))
(set! %load-path
(cons ,module-dir %load-path))
,@(map (match-lambda
((output . input)
(let ((make-parent-dirs (map (lambda (dir)
`(unless (file-exists? ,dir)
(mkdir ,dir)))
(parent-directories output))))
`(begin
,@make-parent-dirs
(compile-file ,input
#:output-file ,output
#:opts %auto-compilation-options)))))
files)))
(build-expression->derivation store name system builder
`(("modules" ,module-drv))
#:guile-for-build guile)))
(define* (build-expression->derivation store name system exp inputs
#:key (outputs '("out"))
hash hash-algo
(env-vars '())
(modules '())
guile-for-build)
"Return a derivation that executes Scheme expression EXP as a builder for
derivation NAME. INPUTS must be a list of (NAME DRV-PATH SUB-DRV) tuples;
when SUB-DRV is omitted, \"out\" is assumed. EXP is evaluated in an
environment where %OUTPUT is bound to the main output path, %OUTPUTS is bound
to a list of output/path pairs, and where %BUILD-INPUTS is bound to an alist
of string/output-path pairs made from INPUTS. Optionally, ENV-VARS is a list
of string pairs specifying the name and value of environment variables
visible to the builder. The builder terminates by passing the result of EXP
to `exit'; thus, when EXP returns #f, the build is considered to have
failed.
EXP is built using GUILE-FOR-BUILD (a derivation). When GUILE-FOR-BUILD is
omitted or is #f, the value of the `%guile-for-build' fluid is used instead."
(define guile-drv
(or guile-for-build (%guile-for-build)))
(define guile
(string-append (derivation-path->output-path guile-drv)
"/bin/guile"))
(define module-form?
(match-lambda
(((or 'define-module 'use-modules) _ ...) #t)
(_ #f)))
(define source-path
;; When passed an input that is a source, return its path; otherwise
;; return #f.
(match-lambda
((_ path _ ...)
(and (not (derivation-path? path))
path))))
(let* ((prologue `(begin
,@(match exp
((_ ...)
;; Module forms must appear at the top-level so
;; that any macros they export can be expanded.
(filter module-form? exp))
(_ `(,exp)))
(define %output (getenv "out"))
(define %outputs
(map (lambda (o)
(cons o (getenv o)))
',outputs))
(define %build-inputs
',(map (match-lambda
((name drv . rest)
(let ((sub (match rest
(() "out")
((x) x))))
(cons name
(if (derivation-path? drv)
(derivation-path->output-path drv
sub)
drv)))))
inputs))
,@(if (null? modules)
'()
;; Remove our own settings.
'((unsetenv "GUILE_LOAD_COMPILED_PATH")))
;; Guile sets it, but remove it to avoid conflicts when
;; building Guile-using packages.
(unsetenv "LD_LIBRARY_PATH")))
(builder (add-text-to-store store
(string-append name "-guile-builder")
(string-append
(object->string prologue)
(object->string
`(exit
,(match exp
((_ ...)
(remove module-form? exp))
(_ `(,exp))))))
;; The references don't really matter
;; since the builder is always used in
;; conjunction with the drv that needs
;; it. For clarity, we add references
;; to the subset of INPUTS that are
;; sources, avoiding references to other
;; .drv; otherwise, BUILDER's hash would
;; depend on those, even if they are
;; fixed-output.
(filter-map source-path inputs)))
(mod-drv (and (pair? modules)
(imported-modules store modules
#:guile guile-drv
#:system system)))
(mod-dir (and mod-drv
(derivation-path->output-path mod-drv)))
(go-drv (and (pair? modules)
(compiled-modules store modules
#:guile guile-drv
#:system system)))
(go-dir (and go-drv
(derivation-path->output-path go-drv))))
(derivation store name system guile
`("--no-auto-compile"
,@(if mod-dir `("-L" ,mod-dir) '())
,builder)
;; When MODULES is non-empty, shamelessly clobber
;; $GUILE_LOAD_COMPILED_PATH.
(if go-dir
`(("GUILE_LOAD_COMPILED_PATH" . ,go-dir)
,@(alist-delete "GUILE_LOAD_COMPILED_PATH"
env-vars))
env-vars)
`((,(or guile-for-build (%guile-for-build)))
(,builder)
,@(map cdr inputs)
,@(if mod-drv `((,mod-drv) (,go-drv)) '()))
#:hash hash #:hash-algo hash-algo
#:outputs outputs)))