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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2016 Chris Marusich <cmmarusich@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2017 Leo Famulari <leo@famulari.name>
;;; Copyright © 2017 Mathieu Othacehe <m.othacehe@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2019 Jan (janneke) Nieuwenhuizen <janneke@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2020 Maxim Cournoyer <maxim.cournoyer@gmail.com>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (gnu bootloader grub)
#:use-module (guix records)
#:use-module ((guix utils) #:select (%current-system))
#:use-module (guix gexp)
#:use-module (gnu artwork)
#:use-module (gnu bootloader)
#:use-module (gnu system uuid)
#:use-module (gnu system file-systems)
#:use-module (gnu system keyboard)
#:use-module (gnu packages bootloaders)
#:autoload (gnu packages gtk) (guile-cairo guile-rsvg)
#:autoload (gnu packages xorg) (xkeyboard-config)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 regex)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-2)
#:export (grub-image
grub-image?
grub-image-aspect-ratio
grub-image-file
grub-theme
grub-theme?
grub-theme-images
grub-theme-color-normal
grub-theme-color-highlight
%background-image
%default-theme
grub-bootloader
grub-efi-bootloader
grub-mkrescue-bootloader
grub-configuration))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; Configuration of GNU GRUB.
;;;
;;; Code:
(define (strip-mount-point mount-point file)
"Strip MOUNT-POINT from FILE, which is a gexp or other lowerable object
denoting a file name."
(match mount-point
((? string? mount-point)
(if (string=? mount-point "/")
file
#~(let ((file #$file))
(if (string-prefix? #$mount-point file)
(substring #$file #$(string-length mount-point))
file))))
(#f file)))
(define-record-type* <grub-image>
grub-image make-grub-image
grub-image?
(aspect-ratio grub-image-aspect-ratio ;rational number
(default 4/3))
(file grub-image-file)) ;file-valued gexp (SVG)
(define-record-type* <grub-theme>
grub-theme make-grub-theme
grub-theme?
(images grub-theme-images
(default '())) ;list of <grub-image>
(color-normal grub-theme-color-normal
(default '((fg . cyan) (bg . blue))))
(color-highlight grub-theme-color-highlight
(default '((fg . white) (bg . blue))))
(gfxmode grub-gfxmode
(default '("auto")))) ;list of string
(define %background-image
(grub-image
(aspect-ratio 4/3)
(file (file-append %artwork-repository
"/grub/GuixSD-fully-black-4-3.svg"))))
(define %default-theme
;; Default theme contributed by Felipe López.
(grub-theme
(images (list %background-image))
(color-highlight '((fg . yellow) (bg . black)))
(color-normal '((fg . light-gray) (bg . black))))) ;XXX: #x303030
;;;
;;; Background image & themes.
;;;
(define (bootloader-theme config)
"Return user defined theme in CONFIG if defined or %default-theme
otherwise."
(or (bootloader-configuration-theme config) %default-theme))
(define* (svg->png svg #:key width height)
"Build a PNG of HEIGHT x WIDTH from SVG."
(computed-file "grub-image.png"
(with-imported-modules '((gnu build svg))
(with-extensions (list guile-rsvg guile-cairo)
#~(begin
(use-modules (gnu build svg))
(svg->png #+svg #$output
#:width #$width
#:height #$height))))))
(define* (grub-background-image config #:key (width 1024) (height 768))
"Return the GRUB background image defined in CONFIG with a ratio of
WIDTH/HEIGHT, or #f if none was found."
(let* ((ratio (/ width height))
(image (find (lambda (image)
(= (grub-image-aspect-ratio image) ratio))
(grub-theme-images
(bootloader-theme config)))))
(and image
(svg->png (grub-image-file image)
#:width width #:height height))))
(define* (eye-candy config store-device store-mount-point
#:key system port)
"Return a gexp that writes to PORT (a port-valued gexp) the
'grub.cfg' part concerned with graphics mode, background images, colors, and
all that. STORE-DEVICE designates the device holding the store, and
STORE-MOUNT-POINT is its mount point; these are used to determine where the
background image and fonts must be searched for. SYSTEM must be the target
system string---e.g., \"x86_64-linux\"."
(define setup-gfxterm-body
(let ((gfxmode
(or (and-let* ((theme (bootloader-configuration-theme config))
(gfxmode (grub-gfxmode theme)))
(string-join gfxmode ";"))
"auto")))
;; Intel and EFI systems need to be switched into graphics mode, whereas
;; most other modern architectures have no other mode and therefore
;; don't need to be switched.
;; XXX: Do we really need to restrict to x86 systems? We could imitate
;; what the GRUB default configuration does and decide based on whether
;; a user provided 'gfxterm' in the terminal-outputs field of their
;; bootloader-configuration record.
(if (string-match "^(x86_64|i[3-6]86)-" system)
(format #f "
set gfxmode=~a
insmod all_video
insmod gfxterm~%" gfxmode)
"")))
(define (setup-gfxterm config font-file)
(if (memq 'gfxterm (bootloader-configuration-terminal-outputs config))
#~(format #f "if loadfont ~a; then
setup_gfxterm
fi~%" #$font-file)
""))
(define (theme-colors type)
(let* ((theme (bootloader-theme config))
(colors (type theme)))
(string-append (symbol->string (assoc-ref colors 'fg)) "/"
(symbol->string (assoc-ref colors 'bg)))))
(define font-file
(strip-mount-point store-mount-point
(file-append grub "/share/grub/unicode.pf2")))
(define image
(grub-background-image config))
(and image
#~(format #$port "
function setup_gfxterm {~a}
# Set 'root' to the partition that contains /gnu/store.
~a
~a
~a
insmod png
if background_image ~a; then
set color_normal=~a
set color_highlight=~a
else
set menu_color_normal=cyan/blue
set menu_color_highlight=white/blue
fi~%"
#$setup-gfxterm-body
#$(grub-root-search store-device font-file)
#$(setup-gfxterm config font-file)
#$(grub-setup-io config)
#$(strip-mount-point store-mount-point image)
#$(theme-colors grub-theme-color-normal)
#$(theme-colors grub-theme-color-highlight))))
;;;
;;; Configuration file.
;;;
(define* (keyboard-layout-file layout
#:key
(grub grub))
"Process the X keyboard layout description LAYOUT, a <keyboard-layout> record,
and return a file in the format for GRUB keymaps. LAYOUT must be present in
the 'share/X11/xkb/symbols/' directory of 'xkeyboard-config'."
(define builder
(with-imported-modules '((guix build utils))
#~(begin
(use-modules (guix build utils))
;; 'grub-kbdcomp' passes all its arguments but '-o' to 'ckbcomp'
;; (from the 'console-setup' package).
(invoke #$(file-append grub "/bin/grub-mklayout")
"-i" #+(keyboard-layout->console-keymap layout)
"-o" #$output))))
(computed-file (string-append "grub-keymap." (keyboard-layout-name layout))
builder))
(define (grub-setup-io config)
"Return GRUB commands to configure the input / output interfaces. The result
is a string that can be inserted in grub.cfg."
(let* ((symbols->string (lambda (list)
(string-join (map symbol->string list) " ")))
(outputs (bootloader-configuration-terminal-outputs config))
(inputs (bootloader-configuration-terminal-inputs config))
(unit (bootloader-configuration-serial-unit config))
(speed (bootloader-configuration-serial-speed config))
;; Respectively, GRUB_TERMINAL_OUTPUT and GRUB_TERMINAL_INPUT,
;; as documented in GRUB manual section "Simple Configuration
;; Handling".
(valid-outputs '(console serial serial_0 serial_1 serial_2 serial_3
gfxterm vga_text mda_text morse spkmodem))
(valid-inputs '(console serial serial_0 serial_1 serial_2 serial_3
at_keyboard usb_keyboard))
(io (string-append
"terminal_output "
(symbols->string
(map
(lambda (output)
(if (memq output valid-outputs) output #f)) outputs)) "\n"
(if (null? inputs)
""
(string-append
"terminal_input "
(symbols->string
(map
(lambda (input)
(if (memq input valid-inputs) input #f)) inputs)) "\n"))
;; UNIT and SPEED are arguments to the same GRUB command
;; ("serial"), so we process them together.
(if (or unit speed)
(string-append
"serial"
(if unit
;; COM ports 1 through 4
(if (and (exact-integer? unit) (<= unit 3) (>= unit 0))
(string-append " --unit=" (number->string unit))
#f)
"")
(if speed
(if (exact-integer? speed)
(string-append " --speed=" (number->string speed))
#f)
""))
""))))
(format #f "~a" io)))
(define (grub-root-search device file)
"Return the GRUB 'search' command to look for DEVICE, which contains FILE,
a gexp. The result is a gexp that can be inserted in the grub.cfg-generation
code."
;; Usually FILE is a file name gexp like "/gnu/store/…-linux/vmlinuz", but
;; it can also be something like "(hd0,msdos1)/vmlinuz" in the case of
;; custom menu entries. In the latter case, don't emit a 'search' command.
(if (and (string? file) (not (string-prefix? "/" file)))
""
(match device
;; Preferably refer to DEVICE by its UUID or label. This is more
;; efficient and less ambiguous, see <http://bugs.gnu.org/22281>.
((? uuid? uuid)
(format #f "search --fs-uuid --set ~a"
(uuid->string device)))
((? file-system-label? label)
(format #f "search --label --set ~a"
(file-system-label->string label)))
((or #f (? string?))
#~(format #f "search --file --set ~a" #$file)))))
(define* (grub-configuration-file config entries
#:key
(system (%current-system))
(old-entries '()))
"Return the GRUB configuration file corresponding to CONFIG, a
<bootloader-configuration> object, and where the store is available at
STORE-FS, a <file-system> object. OLD-ENTRIES is taken to be a list of menu
entries corresponding to old generations of the system."
(define all-entries
(append entries (bootloader-configuration-menu-entries config)))
(define (menu-entry->gexp entry)
(let ((device (menu-entry-device entry))
(device-mount-point (menu-entry-device-mount-point entry))
(label (menu-entry-label entry))
(kernel (menu-entry-linux entry))
(arguments (menu-entry-linux-arguments entry))
(initrd (menu-entry-initrd entry)))
;; Here DEVICE is the store and DEVICE-MOUNT-POINT is its mount point.
;; Use the right file names for KERNEL and INITRD in case
;; DEVICE-MOUNT-POINT is not "/", meaning that the store is on a
;; separate partition.
(let ((kernel (strip-mount-point device-mount-point kernel))
(initrd (strip-mount-point device-mount-point initrd)))
#~(format port "menuentry ~s {
~a
linux ~a ~a
initrd ~a
}~%"
#$label
#$(grub-root-search device kernel)
#$kernel (string-join (list #$@arguments))
#$initrd))))
(define sugar
(eye-candy config
(menu-entry-device (first all-entries))
(menu-entry-device-mount-point (first all-entries))
#:system system
#:port #~port))
(define keyboard-layout-config
(let ((layout (bootloader-configuration-keyboard-layout config))
(grub (bootloader-package
(bootloader-configuration-bootloader config))))
#~(let ((keymap #$(and layout
(keyboard-layout-file layout #:grub grub))))
(when keymap
(format port "\
insmod keylayouts
keymap ~a~%" keymap)))))
(define builder
#~(call-with-output-file #$output
(lambda (port)
(format port
"# This file was generated from your Guix configuration. Any changes
# will be lost upon reconfiguration.
")
#$sugar
#$keyboard-layout-config
(format port "
set default=~a
set timeout=~a~%"
#$(bootloader-configuration-default-entry config)
#$(bootloader-configuration-timeout config))
#$@(map menu-entry->gexp all-entries)
#$@(if (pair? old-entries)
#~((format port "
submenu \"GNU system, old configurations...\" {~%")
#$@(map menu-entry->gexp old-entries)
(format port "}~%"))
#~())
(format port "
if [ \"${grub_platform}\" == efi ]; then
menuentry \"Firmware setup\" {
fwsetup
}
fi~%"))))
;; Since this file is rather unique, there's no point in trying to
;; substitute it.
(computed-file "grub.cfg" builder
#:options '(#:local-build? #t
#:substitutable? #f)))
;;;
;;; Install procedures.
;;;
(define install-grub
#~(lambda (bootloader device mount-point)
;; Install GRUB on DEVICE which is mounted at MOUNT-POINT.
(let ((grub (string-append bootloader "/sbin/grub-install"))
(install-dir (string-append mount-point "/boot")))
;; Tell 'grub-install' that there might be a LUKS-encrypted /boot or
;; root partition.
(setenv "GRUB_ENABLE_CRYPTODISK" "y")
;; Hide potentially confusing messages from the user, such as
;; "Installing for i386-pc platform."
(invoke/quiet grub "--no-floppy" "--target=i386-pc"
"--boot-directory" install-dir
device))))
(define install-grub-efi
#~(lambda (bootloader efi-dir mount-point)
;; Install GRUB onto the EFI partition mounted at EFI-DIR, for the
;; system whose root is mounted at MOUNT-POINT.
(let ((grub-install (string-append bootloader "/sbin/grub-install"))
(install-dir (string-append mount-point "/boot"))
;; When installing Guix, it's common to mount EFI-DIR below
;; MOUNT-POINT rather than /boot/efi on the live image.
(target-esp (if (file-exists? (string-append mount-point efi-dir))
(string-append mount-point efi-dir)
efi-dir)))
;; Tell 'grub-install' that there might be a LUKS-encrypted /boot or
;; root partition.
(setenv "GRUB_ENABLE_CRYPTODISK" "y")
(invoke/quiet grub-install "--boot-directory" install-dir
"--bootloader-id=Guix"
"--efi-directory" target-esp))))
;;;
;;; Bootloader definitions.
;;;
(define grub-bootloader
(bootloader
(name 'grub)
(package grub)
(installer install-grub)
(configuration-file "/boot/grub/grub.cfg")
(configuration-file-generator grub-configuration-file)))
(define* grub-efi-bootloader
(bootloader
(inherit grub-bootloader)
(installer install-grub-efi)
(name 'grub-efi)
(package grub-efi)))
(define* grub-mkrescue-bootloader
(bootloader
(inherit grub-efi-bootloader)
(package grub-hybrid)))
;;;
;;; Compatibility macros.
;;;
(define-syntax grub-configuration
(syntax-rules (grub)
((_ (grub package) fields ...)
(if (eq? package grub)
(bootloader-configuration
(bootloader grub-bootloader)
fields ...)
(bootloader-configuration
(bootloader grub-efi-bootloader)
fields ...)))
((_ fields ...)
(bootloader-configuration
(bootloader grub-bootloader)
fields ...))))
;;; grub.scm ends here