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;;; Guix --- Nix package management from Guile. -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
;;; Copyright (C) 2012 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of Guix.
;;;
;;; Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (guix utils)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-9)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-39)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-60)
#:use-module (rnrs bytevectors)
#:use-module ((rnrs io ports) #:select (put-bytevector))
#:use-module (ice-9 vlist)
#:use-module (ice-9 format)
#:autoload (ice-9 popen) (open-pipe*)
#:autoload (ice-9 rdelim) (read-line)
#:use-module (ice-9 regex)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 format)
#:autoload (system foreign) (pointer->procedure)
#:export (bytevector-quintet-length
bytevector->base32-string
bytevector->nix-base32-string
bytevector->base16-string
base32-string->bytevector
nix-base32-string->bytevector
base16-string->bytevector
sha256
%nixpkgs-directory
nixpkgs-derivation
nixpkgs-derivation*
define-record-type*
compile-time-value
memoize
gnu-triplet->nix-system
%current-system))
;;;
;;; Compile-time computations.
;;;
(define-syntax compile-time-value
(syntax-rules ()
"Evaluate the given expression at compile time. The expression must
evaluate to a simple datum."
((_ exp)
(let-syntax ((v (lambda (s)
(let ((val exp))
(syntax-case s ()
(_ #`'#,(datum->syntax s val)))))))
v))))
;;;
;;; Base 32.
;;;
(define bytevector-quintet-ref
(let* ((ref bytevector-u8-ref)
(ref+ (lambda (bv offset)
(let ((o (+ 1 offset)))
(if (>= o (bytevector-length bv))
0
(bytevector-u8-ref bv o)))))
(ref0 (lambda (bv offset)
(bit-field (ref bv offset) 3 8)))
(ref1 (lambda (bv offset)
(logior (ash (bit-field (ref bv offset) 0 3) 2)
(bit-field (ref+ bv offset) 6 8))))
(ref2 (lambda (bv offset)
(bit-field (ref bv offset) 1 6)))
(ref3 (lambda (bv offset)
(logior (ash (bit-field (ref bv offset) 0 1) 4)
(bit-field (ref+ bv offset) 4 8))))
(ref4 (lambda (bv offset)
(logior (ash (bit-field (ref bv offset) 0 4) 1)
(bit-field (ref+ bv offset) 7 8))))
(ref5 (lambda (bv offset)
(bit-field (ref bv offset) 2 7)))
(ref6 (lambda (bv offset)
(logior (ash (bit-field (ref bv offset) 0 2) 3)
(bit-field (ref+ bv offset) 5 8))))
(ref7 (lambda (bv offset)
(bit-field (ref bv offset) 0 5)))
(refs (vector ref0 ref1 ref2 ref3 ref4 ref5 ref6 ref7)))
(lambda (bv index)
"Return the INDEXth quintet of BV."
(let ((p (vector-ref refs (modulo index 8))))
(p bv (quotient (* index 5) 8))))))
(define bytevector-quintet-ref-right
(let* ((ref bytevector-u8-ref)
(ref+ (lambda (bv offset)
(let ((o (+ 1 offset)))
(if (>= o (bytevector-length bv))
0
(bytevector-u8-ref bv o)))))
(ref0 (lambda (bv offset)
(bit-field (ref bv offset) 0 5)))
(ref1 (lambda (bv offset)
(logior (bit-field (ref bv offset) 5 8)
(ash (bit-field (ref+ bv offset) 0 2) 3))))
(ref2 (lambda (bv offset)
(bit-field (ref bv offset) 2 7)))
(ref3 (lambda (bv offset)
(logior (bit-field (ref bv offset) 7 8)
(ash (bit-field (ref+ bv offset) 0 4) 1))))
(ref4 (lambda (bv offset)
(logior (bit-field (ref bv offset) 4 8)
(ash (bit-field (ref+ bv offset) 0 1) 4))))
(ref5 (lambda (bv offset)
(bit-field (ref bv offset) 1 6)))
(ref6 (lambda (bv offset)
(logior (bit-field (ref bv offset) 6 8)
(ash (bit-field (ref+ bv offset) 0 3) 2))))
(ref7 (lambda (bv offset)
(bit-field (ref bv offset) 3 8)))
(refs (vector ref0 ref1 ref2 ref3 ref4 ref5 ref6 ref7)))
(lambda (bv index)
"Return the INDEXth quintet of BV, assuming quintets start from the
least-significant bits, contrary to what RFC 4648 describes."
(let ((p (vector-ref refs (modulo index 8))))
(p bv (quotient (* index 5) 8))))))
(define (bytevector-quintet-length bv)
"Return the number of quintets (including truncated ones) available in BV."
(ceiling (/ (* (bytevector-length bv) 8) 5)))
(define (bytevector-quintet-fold proc init bv)
"Return the result of applying PROC to each quintet of BV and the result of
the previous application or INIT."
(define len
(bytevector-quintet-length bv))
(let loop ((i 0)
(r init))
(if (= i len)
r
(loop (1+ i) (proc (bytevector-quintet-ref bv i) r)))))
(define (bytevector-quintet-fold-right proc init bv)
"Return the result of applying PROC to each quintet of BV and the result of
the previous application or INIT."
(define len
(bytevector-quintet-length bv))
(let loop ((i len)
(r init))
(if (zero? i)
r
(let ((j (- i 1)))
(loop j (proc (bytevector-quintet-ref-right bv j) r))))))
(define (make-bytevector->base32-string quintet-fold base32-chars)
(lambda (bv)
"Return a base32 encoding of BV using BASE32-CHARS as the alphabet."
(let ((chars (quintet-fold (lambda (q r)
(cons (vector-ref base32-chars q)
r))
'()
bv)))
(list->string (reverse chars)))))
(define %nix-base32-chars
;; See `libutil/hash.cc'.
#(#\0 #\1 #\2 #\3 #\4 #\5 #\6 #\7 #\8 #\9
#\a #\b #\c #\d #\f #\g #\h #\i #\j #\k #\l #\m #\n
#\p #\q #\r #\s #\v #\w #\x #\y #\z))
(define %rfc4648-base32-chars
#(#\a #\b #\c #\d #\e #\f #\g #\h #\i #\j #\k #\l #\m
#\n #\o #\p #\q #\r #\s #\t #\u #\v #\w #\x #\y #\z
#\2 #\3 #\4 #\5 #\6 #\7))
(define bytevector->base32-string
(make-bytevector->base32-string bytevector-quintet-fold
%rfc4648-base32-chars))
(define bytevector->nix-base32-string
(make-bytevector->base32-string bytevector-quintet-fold-right
%nix-base32-chars))
(define bytevector-quintet-set!
(let* ((setq! (lambda (bv offset start stop value)
(let ((v (bytevector-u8-ref bv offset))
(w (arithmetic-shift value start))
(m (bitwise-xor (1- (expt 2 stop))
(1- (expt 2 start)))))
(bytevector-u8-set! bv offset
(bitwise-merge m w v)))))
(set0! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 3 8 value)))
(set1! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 0 3 (bit-field value 2 5))
(or (= (+ 1 offset) (bytevector-length bv))
(setq! bv (+ 1 offset) 6 8 (bit-field value 0 2)))))
(set2! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 1 6 value)))
(set3! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 0 1 (bit-field value 4 5))
(or (= (+ 1 offset) (bytevector-length bv))
(setq! bv (+ 1 offset) 4 8 (bit-field value 0 4)))))
(set4! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 0 4 (bit-field value 1 5))
(or (= (+ 1 offset) (bytevector-length bv))
(setq! bv (+ 1 offset) 7 8 (bit-field value 0 1)))))
(set5! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 2 7 value)))
(set6! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 0 2 (bit-field value 3 5))
(or (= (+ 1 offset) (bytevector-length bv))
(setq! bv (+ 1 offset) 5 8 (bit-field value 0 3)))))
(set7! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 0 5 value)))
(sets (vector set0! set1! set2! set3! set4! set5! set6! set7!)))
(lambda (bv index value)
"Set the INDEXth quintet of BV to VALUE."
(let ((p (vector-ref sets (modulo index 8))))
(p bv (quotient (* index 5) 8) (logand value #x1f))))))
(define bytevector-quintet-set-right!
(let* ((setq! (lambda (bv offset start stop value)
(let ((v (bytevector-u8-ref bv offset))
(w (arithmetic-shift value start))
(m (bitwise-xor (1- (expt 2 stop))
(1- (expt 2 start)))))
(bytevector-u8-set! bv offset
(bitwise-merge m w v)))))
(set0! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 0 5 value)))
(set1! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 5 8 (bit-field value 0 3))
(or (= (+ 1 offset) (bytevector-length bv))
(setq! bv (+ 1 offset) 0 2 (bit-field value 3 5)))))
(set2! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 2 7 value)))
(set3! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 7 8 (bit-field value 0 1))
(or (= (+ 1 offset) (bytevector-length bv))
(setq! bv (+ 1 offset) 0 4 (bit-field value 1 5)))))
(set4! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 4 8 (bit-field value 0 4))
(or (= (+ 1 offset) (bytevector-length bv))
(setq! bv (+ 1 offset) 0 1 (bit-field value 4 5)))))
(set5! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 1 6 value)))
(set6! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 6 8 (bit-field value 0 2))
(or (= (+ 1 offset) (bytevector-length bv))
(setq! bv (+ 1 offset) 0 3 (bit-field value 2 5)))))
(set7! (lambda (bv offset value)
(setq! bv offset 3 8 value)))
(sets (vector set0! set1! set2! set3! set4! set5! set6! set7!)))
(lambda (bv index value)
"Set the INDEXth quintet of BV to VALUE, assuming quintets start from
the least-significant bits."
(let ((p (vector-ref sets (modulo index 8))))
(p bv (quotient (* index 5) 8) (logand value #x1f))))))
(define (base32-string-unfold f s)
"Given procedure F which, when applied to a character, returns the
corresponding quintet, return the bytevector corresponding to string S."
(define len (string-length s))
(let ((bv (make-bytevector (quotient (* len 5) 8))))
(string-fold (lambda (chr index)
(bytevector-quintet-set! bv index (f chr))
(+ 1 index))
0
s)
bv))
(define (base32-string-unfold-right f s)
"Given procedure F which, when applied to a character, returns the
corresponding quintet, return the bytevector corresponding to string S,
starting from the right of S."
(define len (string-length s))
(let ((bv (make-bytevector (quotient (* len 5) 8))))
(string-fold-right (lambda (chr index)
(bytevector-quintet-set-right! bv index (f chr))
(+ 1 index))
0
s)
bv))
(define (make-base32-string->bytevector base32-string-unfold base32-chars)
(let ((char->value (let loop ((i 0)
(v vlist-null))
(if (= i (vector-length base32-chars))
v
(loop (+ 1 i)
(vhash-consv (vector-ref base32-chars i)
i v))))))
(lambda (s)
"Return the binary representation of base32 string S as a bytevector."
(base32-string-unfold (lambda (chr)
(or (and=> (vhash-assv chr char->value) cdr)
(error "invalid base32 character" chr)))
s))))
(define base32-string->bytevector
(make-base32-string->bytevector base32-string-unfold %rfc4648-base32-chars))
(define nix-base32-string->bytevector
(make-base32-string->bytevector base32-string-unfold-right %nix-base32-chars))
;;;
;;; Base 16.
;;;
(define (bytevector->base16-string bv)
"Return the hexadecimal representation of BV's contents."
(define len
(bytevector-length bv))
(let-syntax ((base16-chars (lambda (s)
(syntax-case s ()
(_
(let ((v (list->vector
(unfold (cut > <> 255)
(lambda (n)
(format #f "~2,'0x" n))
1+
0))))
v))))))
(define chars base16-chars)
(let loop ((i 0)
(r '()))
(if (= i len)
(string-concatenate-reverse r)
(loop (+ 1 i)
(cons (vector-ref chars (bytevector-u8-ref bv i)) r))))))
(define base16-string->bytevector
(let ((chars->value (fold (lambda (i r)
(vhash-consv (string-ref (number->string i 16)
0)
i r))
vlist-null
(iota 16))))
(lambda (s)
"Return the bytevector whose hexadecimal representation is string S."
(define bv
(make-bytevector (quotient (string-length s) 2) 0))
(string-fold (lambda (chr i)
(let ((j (quotient i 2))
(v (and=> (vhash-assv chr chars->value) cdr)))
(if v
(if (zero? (logand i 1))
(bytevector-u8-set! bv j
(arithmetic-shift v 4))
(let ((w (bytevector-u8-ref bv j)))
(bytevector-u8-set! bv j (logior v w))))
(error "invalid hexadecimal character" chr)))
(+ i 1))
0
s)
bv)))
;;;
;;; Hash.
;;;
(define %libgcrypt
;; Name of the libgcrypt shared library.
(compile-time-value (or (getenv "LIBGCRYPT") "libgcrypt")))
(define sha256
(cond
((compile-time-value
(false-if-exception (dynamic-link %libgcrypt)))
;; Using libgcrypt.
(let ((hash (pointer->procedure void
(dynamic-func "gcry_md_hash_buffer"
(dynamic-link %libgcrypt))
`(,int * * ,size_t)))
(sha256 8)) ; GCRY_MD_SHA256, as of 1.5.0
(lambda (bv)
"Return the SHA256 of BV as a bytevector."
(let ((digest (make-bytevector (/ 256 8))))
(hash sha256 (bytevector->pointer digest)
(bytevector->pointer bv) (bytevector-length bv))
digest))))
((compile-time-value
(false-if-exception (resolve-interface '(chop hash))))
;; Using libchop.
(let ((bytevector-hash (@ (chop hash) bytevector-hash))
(hash-method/sha256 (@ (chop hash) hash-method/sha256)))
(lambda (bv)
"Return the SHA256 of BV as a bytevector."
(bytevector-hash hash-method/sha256 bv))))
(else
;; Slow, poor programmer's implementation that uses Coreutils.
(lambda (bv)
"Return the SHA256 of BV as a bytevector."
(let ((in (pipe))
(out (pipe))
(pid (primitive-fork)))
(if (= 0 pid)
(begin ; child
(close (cdr in))
(close (car out))
(close 0)
(close 1)
(dup2 (fileno (car in)) 0)
(dup2 (fileno (cdr out)) 1)
(execlp "sha256sum" "sha256sum"))
(begin ; parent
(close (car in))
(close (cdr out))
(put-bytevector (cdr in) bv)
(close (cdr in)) ; EOF
(let ((line (car (string-tokenize (read-line (car out))))))
(close (car out))
(and (and=> (status:exit-val (cdr (waitpid pid)))
zero?)
(base16-string->bytevector line))))))))))
;;;
;;; Nixpkgs.
;;;
(define %nixpkgs-directory
(make-parameter
;; Capture the build-time value of $NIXPKGS.
(compile-time-value (getenv "NIXPKGS"))))
(define (nixpkgs-derivation attribute)
"Return the derivation path of ATTRIBUTE in Nixpkgs."
(let* ((p (open-pipe* OPEN_READ (or (getenv "NIX_INSTANTIATE")
"nix-instantiate")
"-A" attribute (%nixpkgs-directory)))
(l (read-line p))
(s (close-pipe p)))
(and (zero? (status:exit-val s))
(not (eof-object? l))
l)))
(define-syntax-rule (nixpkgs-derivation* attribute)
"Evaluate the given Nixpkgs derivation at compile-time."
(compile-time-value (nixpkgs-derivation attribute)))
;;;
;;; Miscellaneous.
;;;
(define-syntax define-record-type*
(lambda (s)
"Define the given record type such that an additional \"syntactic
constructor\" is defined, which allows instances to be constructed with named
field initializers, à la SRFI-35, as well as default values."
(define (make-syntactic-constructor name ctor fields defaults)
"Make the syntactic constructor NAME that calls CTOR, and expects all
of FIELDS to be initialized. DEFAULTS is the list of FIELD/DEFAULT-VALUE
tuples."
(with-syntax ((name name)
(ctor ctor)
(expected fields)
(defaults defaults))
#'(define-syntax name
(lambda (s)
(syntax-case s expected
((_ (field value) (... ...))
(let ((fields (map syntax->datum #'(field (... ...))))
(dflt (map (match-lambda
((f v)
(list (syntax->datum f) v)))
#'defaults)))
(define (field-value f)
(or (and=> (find (lambda (x)
(eq? f (car (syntax->datum x))))
#'((field value) (... ...)))
car)
(car (assoc-ref dflt (syntax->datum f)))))
(let-syntax ((error*
(syntax-rules ()
((_ fmt args (... ...))
(syntax-violation 'name
(format #f fmt args
(... ...))
s)))))
(let ((fields (append fields (map car dflt))))
(cond ((lset= eq? fields 'expected)
#`(letrec* ((field value) (... ...))
(ctor #,@(map field-value 'expected))))
((pair? (lset-difference eq? fields 'expected))
(error* "extraneous field initializers ~a"
(lset-difference eq? fields 'expected)))
(else
(error* "missing field initializers ~a"
(lset-difference eq? 'expected
fields)))))))))))))
(define (field-default-value s)
(syntax-case s (default)
((field (default val) _ ...)
(list #'field #'val))
((field _ options ...)
(field-default-value #'(field options ...)))
(_ #f)))
(syntax-case s ()
((_ type syntactic-ctor ctor pred
(field get options ...) ...)
#`(begin
(define-record-type type
(ctor field ...)
pred
(field get) ...)
#,(make-syntactic-constructor #'syntactic-ctor #'ctor
#'(field ...)
(filter-map field-default-value
#'((field options ...)
...))))))))
(define (memoize proc)
"Return a memoizing version of PROC."
(let ((cache (make-hash-table)))
(lambda args
(let ((results (hash-ref cache args)))
(if results
(apply values results)
(let ((results (call-with-values (lambda ()
(apply proc args))
list)))
(hash-set! cache args results)
(apply values results)))))))
(define (gnu-triplet->nix-system triplet)
"Return the Nix system type corresponding to TRIPLET, a GNU triplet as
returned by `config.guess'."
(let ((triplet (cond ((string-match "^i[345]86-(.*)$" triplet)
=>
(lambda (m)
(string-append "i686-" (match:substring m 1))))
(else triplet))))
(cond ((string-match "^([^-]+)-([^-]+-)?linux-gnu.*" triplet)
=>
(lambda (m)
;; Nix omits `-gnu' for GNU/Linux.
(string-append (match:substring m 1) "-linux")))
((string-match "^([^-]+)-([^-]+-)?([[:alpha:]]+)([0-9]+\\.?)*$" triplet)
=>
(lambda (m)
;; Nix strip the version number from names such as `gnu0.3',
;; `darwin10.2.0', etc., and always strips the vendor part.
(string-append (match:substring m 1) "-"
(match:substring m 3))))
(else triplet))))
(define %current-system
;; System type as expected by Nix, usually ARCHITECTURE-KERNEL.
(make-parameter (gnu-triplet->nix-system %host-type)))