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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2015 Mark H Weaver <mhw@netris.org>
;;; Copyright © 2015, 2016 Alex Kost <alezost@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2016 Chris Marusich <cmmarusich@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2017 Mathieu Othacehe <m.othacehe@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2019 Meiyo Peng <meiyo.peng@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2020 Danny Milosavljevic <dannym@scratchpost.org>
;;; Copyright © 2020 Brice Waegeneire <brice@waegenei.re>
;;; Copyright © 2020 Florian Pelz <pelzflorian@pelzflorian.de>
;;; Copyright © 2020 Maxim Cournoyer <maxim.cournoyer@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2020 Jan (janneke) Nieuwenhuizen <jannek@gnu.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (gnu system)
#:use-module (guix inferior)
#:use-module (guix store)
#:use-module (guix monads)
#:use-module (guix gexp)
#:use-module (guix records)
#:use-module (guix packages)
#:use-module (guix derivations)
#:use-module (guix profiles)
#:use-module (guix ui)
#:use-module (guix utils)
#:use-module (gnu packages base)
#:use-module (gnu packages bash)
#:use-module (gnu packages cross-base)
#:use-module (gnu packages guile)
#:use-module (gnu packages guile-xyz)
#:use-module (gnu packages admin)
#:use-module (gnu packages hurd)
#:use-module (gnu packages linux)
#:use-module (gnu packages pciutils)
#:use-module (gnu packages package-management)
#:use-module (gnu packages less)
#:use-module (gnu packages zile)
#:use-module (gnu packages nano)
#:use-module (gnu packages gawk)
#:use-module (gnu packages man)
#:use-module (gnu packages texinfo)
#:use-module (gnu packages compression)
#:use-module (gnu packages firmware)
#:use-module (gnu services)
#:use-module (gnu services shepherd)
#:use-module (gnu services base)
#:use-module (gnu bootloader)
#:use-module (gnu system shadow)
#:use-module (gnu system nss)
#:use-module (gnu system locale)
#:use-module (gnu system pam)
#:use-module (gnu system linux-initrd)
#:use-module (gnu system uuid)
#:use-module (gnu system file-systems)
#:use-module (gnu system mapped-devices)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
#:use-module (rnrs bytevectors)
#:export (operating-system
operating-system?
this-operating-system
operating-system-bootloader
operating-system-services
operating-system-essential-services
operating-system-default-essential-services
operating-system-user-services
operating-system-packages
operating-system-host-name
operating-system-hosts-file
operating-system-hurd
operating-system-kernel
operating-system-kernel-file
operating-system-kernel-arguments
operating-system-label
operating-system-default-label
operating-system-initrd-modules
operating-system-initrd
operating-system-users
operating-system-groups
operating-system-issue
operating-system-timezone
operating-system-locale
operating-system-locale-definitions
operating-system-locale-libcs
operating-system-mapped-devices
operating-system-file-systems
operating-system-store-file-system
operating-system-user-mapped-devices
operating-system-boot-mapped-devices
operating-system-activation-script
operating-system-user-accounts
operating-system-shepherd-service-names
operating-system-user-kernel-arguments
operating-system-firmware
operating-system-keyboard-layout
operating-system-name-service-switch
operating-system-pam-services
operating-system-setuid-programs
operating-system-skeletons
operating-system-sudoers-file
operating-system-swap-devices
operating-system-kernel-loadable-modules
operating-system-derivation
operating-system-profile
operating-system-bootcfg
operating-system-etc-directory
operating-system-locale-directory
operating-system-boot-script
operating-system-uuid
system-linux-image-file-name
operating-system-with-gc-roots
operating-system-with-provenance
hurd-default-essential-services
boot-parameters
boot-parameters?
boot-parameters-label
boot-parameters-root-device
boot-parameters-bootloader-name
boot-parameters-bootloader-menu-entries
boot-parameters-store-device
boot-parameters-store-mount-point
boot-parameters-kernel
boot-parameters-kernel-arguments
boot-parameters-initrd
boot-parameters-multiboot-modules
read-boot-parameters
read-boot-parameters-file
boot-parameters->menu-entry
local-host-aliases
%root-account
%setuid-programs
%sudoers-specification
%base-packages
%base-packages-interactive
%base-packages-linux
%base-packages-networking
%base-packages-utils
%base-firmware
%default-kernel-arguments))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; This module supports whole-system configuration.
;;;
;;; Code:
(define (bootable-kernel-arguments system root-device)
"Return a list of kernel arguments (gexps) to boot SYSTEM from ROOT-DEVICE."
(list (string-append "--root="
;; Note: Always use the DCE format because that's what
;; (gnu build linux-boot) expects for the '--root'
;; kernel command-line option.
(file-system-device->string root-device
#:uuid-type 'dce))
#~(string-append "--system=" #$system)
#~(string-append "--load=" #$system "/boot")))
;; System-wide configuration.
;; TODO: Add per-field docstrings/stexi.
(define-record-type* <operating-system> operating-system
make-operating-system
operating-system?
this-operating-system
(kernel operating-system-kernel ; package
(default linux-libre))
(kernel-loadable-modules operating-system-kernel-loadable-modules
(default '())) ; list of packages
(kernel-arguments operating-system-user-kernel-arguments
(default %default-kernel-arguments)) ; list of gexps/strings
(hurd operating-system-hurd
(default #f)) ; package
(bootloader operating-system-bootloader) ; <bootloader-configuration>
(label operating-system-label ; string
(thunked)
(default (operating-system-default-label this-operating-system)))
(keyboard-layout operating-system-keyboard-layout ;#f | <keyboard-layout>
(default #f))
(initrd operating-system-initrd ; (list fs) -> file-like
(default base-initrd))
(initrd-modules operating-system-initrd-modules ; list of strings
(thunked) ; it's system-dependent
(default %base-initrd-modules))
(firmware operating-system-firmware ; list of packages
(default %base-firmware))
(host-name operating-system-host-name) ; string
(hosts-file operating-system-hosts-file ; file-like | #f
(default #f))
(mapped-devices operating-system-mapped-devices ; list of <mapped-device>
(default '()))
(file-systems operating-system-file-systems) ; list of fs
(swap-devices operating-system-swap-devices ; list of strings
(default '()))
(users operating-system-users ; list of user accounts
(default %base-user-accounts))
(groups operating-system-groups ; list of user groups
(default %base-groups))
(skeletons operating-system-skeletons ; list of name/file-like value
(default (default-skeletons)))
(issue operating-system-issue ; string
(default %default-issue))
(packages operating-system-packages ; list of (PACKAGE OUTPUT...)
(default %base-packages)) ; or just PACKAGE
(timezone operating-system-timezone) ; string
(locale operating-system-locale ; string
(default "en_US.utf8"))
(locale-definitions operating-system-locale-definitions ; list of <locale-definition>
(default %default-locale-definitions))
(locale-libcs operating-system-locale-libcs ; list of <packages>
(default %default-locale-libcs))
(name-service-switch operating-system-name-service-switch ; <name-service-switch>
(default %default-nss))
(essential-services operating-system-essential-services ; list of services
(thunked)
(default (operating-system-default-essential-services
this-operating-system)))
(services operating-system-user-services ; list of services
(default %base-services))
(pam-services operating-system-pam-services ; list of PAM services
(default (base-pam-services)))
(setuid-programs operating-system-setuid-programs
(default %setuid-programs)) ; list of string-valued gexps
(sudoers-file operating-system-sudoers-file ; file-like
(default %sudoers-specification)))
(define (operating-system-kernel-arguments os root-device)
"Return all the kernel arguments, including the ones not specified
directly by the user."
(append (bootable-kernel-arguments os root-device)
(operating-system-user-kernel-arguments os)))
;;;
;;; Boot parameters
;;;
(define-record-type* <boot-parameters>
boot-parameters make-boot-parameters boot-parameters?
(label boot-parameters-label)
;; Because we will use the 'store-device' to create the GRUB search command,
;; the 'store-device' has slightly different semantics than 'root-device'.
;; The 'store-device' can be a file system uuid, a file system label, or #f,
;; but it cannot be a device path such as "/dev/sda3", since GRUB would not
;; understand that. The 'root-device', on the other hand, corresponds
;; exactly to the device field of the <file-system> object representing the
;; OS's root file system, so it might be a device path like "/dev/sda3".
(root-device boot-parameters-root-device)
(bootloader-name boot-parameters-bootloader-name)
(bootloader-menu-entries ;list of <menu-entry>
boot-parameters-bootloader-menu-entries)
(store-device boot-parameters-store-device)
(store-mount-point boot-parameters-store-mount-point)
(kernel boot-parameters-kernel)
(kernel-arguments boot-parameters-kernel-arguments)
(initrd boot-parameters-initrd)
(multiboot-modules boot-parameters-multiboot-modules))
(define (ensure-not-/dev device)
"If DEVICE starts with a slash, return #f. This is meant to filter out
Linux device names such as /dev/sda, and to preserve GRUB device names and
file system labels."
(if (and (string? device) (string-prefix? "/" device))
#f
device))
(define (read-boot-parameters port)
"Read boot parameters from PORT and return the corresponding
<boot-parameters> object or #f if the format is unrecognized."
(define device-sexp->device
(match-lambda
(('uuid (? symbol? type) (? bytevector? bv))
(bytevector->uuid bv type))
(('file-system-label (? string? label))
(file-system-label label))
((? bytevector? bv) ;old format
(bytevector->uuid bv 'dce))
((? string? device)
;; It used to be that we would not distinguish between labels and
;; device names. Try to infer the right thing here.
(if (string-prefix? "/dev/" device)
device
(file-system-label device)))))
(match (read port)
(('boot-parameters ('version 0)
('label label) ('root-device root)
('kernel kernel)
rest ...)
(boot-parameters
(label label)
(root-device (device-sexp->device root))
(bootloader-name
(match (assq 'bootloader-name rest)
((_ args) args)
(#f 'grub))) ; for compatibility reasons.
(bootloader-menu-entries
(match (assq 'bootloader-menu-entries rest)
((_ entries) (map sexp->menu-entry entries))
(#f '())))
;; In the past, we would store the directory name of linux instead of
;; the absolute file name of its image. Detect that and correct it.
(kernel (if (string=? kernel (direct-store-path kernel))
(string-append kernel "/"
(system-linux-image-file-name))
kernel))
(kernel-arguments
(match (assq 'kernel-arguments rest)
((_ args) args)
(#f '()))) ;the old format
(initrd
(match (assq 'initrd rest)
(('initrd ('string-append directory file)) ;the old format
(string-append directory file))
(('initrd (? string? file))
file)
(#f #f)))
(multiboot-modules
(match (assq 'multiboot-modules rest)
((_ args) args)
(#f '())))
(store-device
;; Linux device names like "/dev/sda1" are not suitable GRUB device
;; identifiers, so we just filter them out.
(ensure-not-/dev
(match (assq 'store rest)
(('store ('device #f) _ ...)
root-device)
(('store ('device device) _ ...)
(device-sexp->device device))
(_ ;the old format
root-device))))
(store-mount-point
(match (assq 'store rest)
(('store ('device _) ('mount-point mount-point) _ ...)
mount-point)
(_ ;the old format
"/")))))
(x ;unsupported format
(warning (G_ "unrecognized boot parameters at '~a'~%")
(port-filename port))
#f)))
(define (read-boot-parameters-file system)
"Read boot parameters from SYSTEM's (system or generation) \"parameters\"
file and returns the corresponding <boot-parameters> object or #f if the
format is unrecognized.
The object has its kernel-arguments extended in order to make it bootable."
(let* ((file (string-append system "/parameters"))
(params (call-with-input-file file read-boot-parameters))
(root (boot-parameters-root-device params)))
(boot-parameters
(inherit params)
(kernel-arguments (append (bootable-kernel-arguments system root)
(boot-parameters-kernel-arguments params))))))
(define (boot-parameters->menu-entry conf)
(let* ((kernel (boot-parameters-kernel conf))
(multiboot-modules (boot-parameters-multiboot-modules conf))
(multiboot? (pair? multiboot-modules)))
(menu-entry
(label (boot-parameters-label conf))
(device (boot-parameters-store-device conf))
(device-mount-point (boot-parameters-store-mount-point conf))
(linux (and (not multiboot?) kernel))
(linux-arguments (if (not multiboot?)
(boot-parameters-kernel-arguments conf)
'()))
(initrd (boot-parameters-initrd conf))
(multiboot-kernel (and multiboot? kernel))
(multiboot-arguments (if multiboot?
(boot-parameters-kernel-arguments conf)
'()))
(multiboot-modules (if multiboot?
(boot-parameters-multiboot-modules conf)
'())))))
;;;
;;; Services.
;;;
(define (non-boot-file-system-service os)
"Return the file system service for the file systems of OS that are not
marked as 'needed-for-boot'."
(define file-systems
(remove file-system-needed-for-boot?
(operating-system-file-systems os)))
(define mapped-devices-for-boot
(operating-system-boot-mapped-devices os))
(define (device-mappings fs)
(let ((device (file-system-device fs)))
(if (string? device) ;title is 'device
(filter (lambda (md)
(string=? (string-append "/dev/mapper/"
(mapped-device-target md))
device))
(operating-system-mapped-devices os))
'())))
(define (add-dependencies fs)
;; Add the dependencies due to device mappings to FS.
(file-system
(inherit fs)
(dependencies
(delete-duplicates
(remove (cut member <> mapped-devices-for-boot)
(append (device-mappings fs)
(file-system-dependencies fs)))
eq?))))
(service file-system-service-type
(map add-dependencies file-systems)))
(define (mapped-device-users device file-systems)
"Return the subset of FILE-SYSTEMS that use DEVICE."
(let ((target (string-append "/dev/mapper/" (mapped-device-target device))))
(filter (lambda (fs)
(or (member device (file-system-dependencies fs))
(and (string? (file-system-device fs))
(string=? (file-system-device fs) target))))
file-systems)))
(define (operating-system-user-mapped-devices os)
"Return the subset of mapped devices that can be installed in
user-land--i.e., those not needed during boot."
(let ((devices (operating-system-mapped-devices os))
(file-systems (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(filter (lambda (md)
(let ((users (mapped-device-users md file-systems)))
(not (any file-system-needed-for-boot? users))))
devices)))
(define (operating-system-boot-mapped-devices os)
"Return the subset of mapped devices that must be installed during boot,
from the initrd."
(let ((devices (operating-system-mapped-devices os))
(file-systems (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(filter (lambda (md)
(let ((users (mapped-device-users md file-systems)))
(any file-system-needed-for-boot? users)))
devices)))
(define (device-mapping-services os)
"Return the list of device-mapping services for OS as a list."
(map device-mapping-service
(operating-system-user-mapped-devices os)))
(define (swap-services os)
"Return the list of swap services for OS."
(map swap-service (operating-system-swap-devices os)))
(define* (system-linux-image-file-name #:optional
(target (or (%current-target-system)
(%current-system))))
"Return the basename of the kernel image file for TARGET."
(cond
((string-prefix? "arm" target) "zImage")
((string-prefix? "mips" target) "vmlinuz")
((string-prefix? "aarch64" target) "Image")
(else "bzImage")))
(define (operating-system-kernel-file os)
"Return an object representing the absolute file name of the kernel image of
OS."
(if (operating-system-hurd os)
(file-append (operating-system-kernel os) "/boot/gnumach")
(file-append (operating-system-kernel os)
"/" (system-linux-image-file-name))))
(define (package-for-kernel target-kernel module-package)
"Return a package like MODULE-PACKAGE, adapted for TARGET-KERNEL, if
possible (that is if there's a LINUX keyword argument in the build system)."
(package
(inherit module-package)
(arguments
(substitute-keyword-arguments (package-arguments module-package)
((#:linux kernel #f)
target-kernel)))))
(define %default-modprobe-blacklist
;; List of kernel modules to blacklist by default.
'("usbmouse" ;races with bcm5974, see <https://bugs.gnu.org/35574>
"usbkbd")) ;races with usbhid, see <https://issues.guix.gnu.org/35574#18>
(define %default-kernel-arguments
;; Default arguments passed to the kernel.
(list (string-append "modprobe.blacklist="
(string-join %default-modprobe-blacklist ","))
"quiet"))
(define* (operating-system-directory-base-entries os)
"Return the basic entries of the 'system' directory of OS for use as the
value of the SYSTEM-SERVICE-TYPE service."
(let* ((locale (operating-system-locale-directory os))
(kernel (operating-system-kernel os))
(modules (operating-system-kernel-loadable-modules os))
(kernel (profile
(content (packages->manifest
(cons kernel
(map (lambda (module)
(if (package? module)
(package-for-kernel kernel
module)
module))
modules))))
(hooks (list linux-module-database))))
(initrd (operating-system-initrd-file os))
(params (operating-system-boot-parameters-file os)))
`(("kernel" ,kernel)
("parameters" ,params)
("initrd" ,initrd)
("locale" ,locale)))) ;used by libc
(define (operating-system-default-essential-services os)
"Return the list of essential services for OS. These are special services
that implement part of what's declared in OS are responsible for low-level
bookkeeping."
(define known-fs
(map file-system-mount-point (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(let* ((mappings (device-mapping-services os))
(root-fs (root-file-system-service))
(other-fs (non-boot-file-system-service os))
(swaps (swap-services os))
(procs (service user-processes-service-type))
(host-name (host-name-service (operating-system-host-name os)))
(entries (operating-system-directory-base-entries os)))
(cons* (service system-service-type entries)
%boot-service
;; %SHEPHERD-ROOT-SERVICE must come last so that the gexp that
;; execs shepherd comes last in the boot script (XXX). Likewise,
;; the cleanup service must come first so that its gexp runs before
;; activation code.
(service cleanup-service-type #f)
%activation-service
%shepherd-root-service
(pam-root-service (operating-system-pam-services os))
(account-service (append (operating-system-accounts os)
(operating-system-groups os))
(operating-system-skeletons os))
(operating-system-etc-service os)
(service fstab-service-type
(filter file-system-needed-for-boot?
(operating-system-file-systems os)))
(session-environment-service
(operating-system-environment-variables os))
host-name procs root-fs
(service setuid-program-service-type
(operating-system-setuid-programs os))
(service profile-service-type
(operating-system-packages os))
other-fs
(append mappings swaps
;; Add the firmware service.
(list %linux-bare-metal-service
(service firmware-service-type
(operating-system-firmware os)))))))
(define (hurd-default-essential-services os)
(list (service system-service-type '())
%boot-service
%hurd-startup-service
%activation-service
%shepherd-root-service
(service user-processes-service-type)
(account-service (append (operating-system-accounts os)
(operating-system-groups os))
(operating-system-skeletons os))
(root-file-system-service)
(service file-system-service-type '())
(service fstab-service-type
(filter file-system-needed-for-boot?
(operating-system-file-systems os)))
(pam-root-service (operating-system-pam-services os))
(operating-system-etc-service os)
(service profile-service-type (operating-system-packages os))))
(define* (operating-system-services os)
"Return all the services of OS, including \"essential\" services."
(instantiate-missing-services
(append (operating-system-user-services os)
(operating-system-essential-services os))))
(define (operating-system-with-gc-roots os roots)
"Return a variant of OS where ROOTS are registered as GC roots."
(operating-system
(inherit os)
;; We use this procedure for the installation OS, which already defines GC
;; roots. Add ROOTS to those.
(services (cons (simple-service 'extra-root
gc-root-service-type roots)
(operating-system-user-services os)))))
(define* (operating-system-with-provenance os #:optional config-file)
"Return a variant of OS that stores its own provenance information,
including CONFIG-FILE, if available. This is achieved by adding an instance
of PROVENANCE-SERVICE-TYPE to its services."
(operating-system
(inherit os)
(services (cons (service provenance-service-type config-file)
(operating-system-user-services os)))))
;;;
;;; /etc.
;;;
(define %base-firmware
;; Firmware usable by default.
(list ath9k-htc-firmware
openfwwf-firmware))
(define %base-packages-utils
;; Default set of utilities packages.
(cons* procps psmisc which
(@ (gnu packages admin) shadow) ;for 'passwd'
guile-3.0
;; The packages below are also in %FINAL-INPUTS, so take them from
;; there to avoid duplication.
(list bash coreutils findutils grep sed
diffutils patch gawk tar gzip bzip2 xz lzip)))
(define %base-packages-linux
;; Default set of linux specific packages.
(list pciutils usbutils
util-linux+udev
;; Get 'insmod' & co. from kmod, not module-init-tools, since udev
;; already depends on it anyway.
kmod eudev))
(define %base-packages-interactive
;; Default set of common interactive packages.
(list less zile nano
man-db
info-reader ;the standalone Info reader (no Perl)
bash-completion
kbd
;; The 'sudo' command is already in %SETUID-PROGRAMS, but we also
;; want the other commands and the man pages (notably because
;; auto-completion in Emacs shell relies on man pages.)
sudo
guile-readline guile-colorized))
(define %base-packages-networking
;; Default set of networking packages.
(list inetutils isc-dhcp
iproute
;; wireless-tools is deprecated in favor of iw, but it's still what
;; many people are familiar with, so keep it around.
iw wireless-tools))
(define %base-packages
;; Default set of packages globally visible. It should include anything
;; required for basic administrator tasks.
(append (list e2fsprogs)
%base-packages-interactive
%base-packages-linux
%base-packages-networking
%base-packages-utils))
(define %default-issue
;; Default contents for /etc/issue.
"
This is the GNU system. Welcome.\n")
(define (local-host-aliases host-name)
"Return aliases for HOST-NAME, to be used in /etc/hosts."
(string-append "127.0.0.1 localhost " host-name "\n"
"::1 localhost " host-name "\n"))
(define (default-/etc/hosts host-name)
"Return the default /etc/hosts file."
(plain-file "hosts" (local-host-aliases host-name)))
(define* (operating-system-etc-service os)
"Return a <service> that builds containing the static part of the /etc
directory."
(let* ((login.defs
(plain-file "login.defs"
(string-append
"# Default paths for non-login shells started by su(1).\n"
"ENV_PATH /run/setuid-programs:"
"/run/current-system/profile/bin:"
"/run/current-system/profile/sbin\n"
"ENV_SUPATH /run/setuid-programs:"
"/run/current-system/profile/bin:"
"/run/current-system/profile/sbin\n")))
(hurd (operating-system-hurd os))
(issue (plain-file "issue" (operating-system-issue os)))
(nsswitch (operating-system-name-service-switch os))
(nsswitch (and nsswitch
(plain-file "nsswitch.conf"
(name-service-switch->string nsswitch))))
(sudoers (operating-system-sudoers-file os))
;; Startup file for POSIX-compliant login shells, which set system-wide
;; environment variables.
(profile (mixed-text-file "profile" "\
# Crucial variables that could be missing in the profiles' 'etc/profile'
# because they would require combining both profiles.
# FIXME: See <http://bugs.gnu.org/20255>.
export MANPATH=$HOME/.guix-profile/share/man:/run/current-system/profile/share/man
export INFOPATH=$HOME/.guix-profile/share/info:/run/current-system/profile/share/info
export XDG_DATA_DIRS=$HOME/.guix-profile/share:/run/current-system/profile/share
export XDG_CONFIG_DIRS=$HOME/.guix-profile/etc/xdg:/run/current-system/profile/etc/xdg
# Make sure libXcursor finds cursors installed into user or system profiles. See <http://bugs.gnu.org/24445>
export XCURSOR_PATH=$HOME/.icons:$HOME/.guix-profile/share/icons:/run/current-system/profile/share/icons
# Ignore the default value of 'PATH'.
unset PATH
# Load the system profile's settings.
GUIX_PROFILE=/run/current-system/profile ; \\
. /run/current-system/profile/etc/profile
# Since 'lshd' does not use pam_env, /etc/environment must be explicitly
# loaded when someone logs in via SSH. See <http://bugs.gnu.org/22175>.
# We need 'PATH' to be defined here, for 'cat' and 'cut'. Do this before
# reading the user's 'etc/profile' to allow variables to be overridden.
if [ -f /etc/environment -a -n \"$SSH_CLIENT\" \\
-a -z \"$LINUX_MODULE_DIRECTORY\" ]
then
. /etc/environment
export `cat /etc/environment | cut -d= -f1`
fi
# Arrange so that ~/.config/guix/current comes first.
for profile in \"$HOME/.guix-profile\" \"$HOME/.config/guix/current\"
do
if [ -f \"$profile/etc/profile\" ]
then
# Load the user profile's settings.
GUIX_PROFILE=\"$profile\" ; \\
. \"$profile/etc/profile\"
else
# At least define this one so that basic things just work
# when the user installs their first package.
export PATH=\"$profile/bin:$PATH\"
fi
done
# Prepend setuid programs.
export PATH=/run/setuid-programs:$PATH
# Arrange so that ~/.config/guix/current/share/info comes first.
export INFOPATH=\"$HOME/.config/guix/current/share/info:$INFOPATH\"
# Set the umask, notably for users logging in via 'lsh'.
# See <http://bugs.gnu.org/22650>.
umask 022
# Allow Hunspell-based applications (IceCat, LibreOffice, etc.) to
# find dictionaries.
export DICPATH=\"$HOME/.guix-profile/share/hunspell:/run/current-system/profile/share/hunspell\"
# Allow GStreamer-based applications to find plugins.
export GST_PLUGIN_PATH=\"$HOME/.guix-profile/lib/gstreamer-1.0\"
if [ -n \"$BASH_VERSION\" -a -f /etc/bashrc ]
then
# Load Bash-specific initialization code.
. /etc/bashrc
fi
"))
(bashrc (plain-file "bashrc" "\
# Bash-specific initialization.
# The 'bash-completion' package.
if [ -f /run/current-system/profile/etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh ]
then
# Bash-completion sources ~/.bash_completion. It installs a dynamic
# completion loader that searches its own completion files as well
# as those in ~/.guix-profile and /run/current-system/profile.
source /run/current-system/profile/etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh
fi\n")))
(etc-service
`(("services" ,(file-append net-base "/etc/services"))
("protocols" ,(file-append net-base "/etc/protocols"))
("rpc" ,(file-append net-base "/etc/rpc"))
("login.defs" ,#~#$login.defs)
("issue" ,#~#$issue)
,@(if nsswitch `(("nsswitch.conf" ,#~#$nsswitch)) '())
("profile" ,#~#$profile)
("bashrc" ,#~#$bashrc)
("hosts" ,#~#$(or (operating-system-hosts-file os)
(default-/etc/hosts (operating-system-host-name os))))
;; Write the operating-system-host-name to /etc/hostname to prevent
;; NetworkManager from changing the system's hostname when connecting
;; to certain networks. Some discussion at
;; https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/help-guix/2017-09/msg00037.html
("hostname" ,(plain-file "hostname" (operating-system-host-name os)))
;; Some programs (e.g., GLib) look at /etc/timezone to find the
;; name of the current timezone. For details, see
;; https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/guix-devel/2019-07/msg00166.html
("timezone" ,(plain-file "timezone" (operating-system-timezone os)))
("localtime" ,(file-append tzdata "/share/zoneinfo/"
(operating-system-timezone os)))
,@(if sudoers `(("sudoers" ,sudoers)) '())
,@(if hurd
`(("login" ,(file-append hurd "/etc/login"))
("motd" ,(file-append hurd "/etc/motd"))
("ttys" ,(file-append hurd "/etc/ttys")))
'())))))
(define %root-account
;; Default root account.
(user-account
(name "root")
(password "")
(uid 0) (group "root")
(comment "System administrator")
(home-directory "/root")))
(define (operating-system-accounts os)
"Return the user accounts for OS, including an obligatory 'root' account,
and excluding accounts requested by services."
;; Make sure there's a root account.
(if (find (lambda (user)
(and=> (user-account-uid user) zero?))
(operating-system-users os))
(operating-system-users os)
(cons %root-account (operating-system-users os))))
(define (maybe-string->file file-name thing)
"If THING is a string, return a <plain-file> with THING as its content.
Otherwise just return THING.
This is for backward-compatibility of fields that used to be strings and are
now file-like objects.."
(match thing
((? string?)
(warning (G_ "using a string for file '~a' is deprecated; \
use 'plain-file' instead~%")
file-name)
(plain-file file-name thing))
(x
x)))
(define (maybe-file->monadic file-name thing)
"If THING is a value in %STORE-MONAD, return it as is; otherwise return
THING in the %STORE-MONAD.
This is for backward-compatibility of fields that used to be monadic values
and are now file-like objects."
(with-monad %store-monad
(match thing
((? procedure?)
(warning (G_ "using a monadic value for '~a' is deprecated; \
use 'plain-file' instead~%")
file-name)
thing)
(x
(return x)))))
(define (operating-system-etc-directory os)
"Return that static part of the /etc directory of OS."
(etc-directory
(fold-services (operating-system-services os)
#:target-type etc-service-type)))
(define (operating-system-environment-variables os)
"Return the environment variables of OS for
@var{session-environment-service-type}, to be used in @file{/etc/environment}."
`(("LANG" . ,(operating-system-locale os))
;; Note: No need to set 'TZ' since (1) we provide /etc/localtime, and (2)
;; it doesn't work for setuid binaries. See <https://bugs.gnu.org/29212>.
("TZDIR" . ,(file-append tzdata "/share/zoneinfo"))
;; Tell 'modprobe' & co. where to look for modules.
("LINUX_MODULE_DIRECTORY" . "/run/booted-system/kernel/lib/modules")
;; These variables are honored by OpenSSL (libssl) and Git.
("SSL_CERT_DIR" . "/etc/ssl/certs")
("SSL_CERT_FILE" . "/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt")
("GIT_SSL_CAINFO" . "/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt")
;; 'GTK_DATA_PREFIX' must name one directory where GTK+ themes are
;; searched for.
("GTK_DATA_PREFIX" . "/run/current-system/profile")
;; By default, applications that use D-Bus, such as Emacs, abort at startup
;; when /etc/machine-id is missing. Make sure these warnings are non-fatal.
("DBUS_FATAL_WARNINGS" . "0")
;; XXX: Normally we wouldn't need to do this, but our glibc@2.23 package
;; used to look things up in 'PREFIX/lib/locale' instead of
;; '/run/current-system/locale' as was intended. Keep this hack around so
;; that people who still have glibc@2.23-using packages in their profiles
;; can use them correctly.
;; TODO: Remove when glibc@2.23 is long gone.
("GUIX_LOCPATH" . "/run/current-system/locale")))
(define %setuid-programs
;; Default set of setuid-root programs.
(let ((shadow (@ (gnu packages admin) shadow)))
(list (file-append shadow "/bin/passwd")
(file-append shadow "/bin/sg")
(file-append shadow "/bin/su")
(file-append shadow "/bin/newgrp")
(file-append shadow "/bin/newuidmap")
(file-append shadow "/bin/newgidmap")
(file-append inetutils "/bin/ping")
(file-append inetutils "/bin/ping6")
(file-append sudo "/bin/sudo")
(file-append sudo "/bin/sudoedit")
(file-append fuse "/bin/fusermount")
;; To allow mounts with the "user" option, "mount" and "umount" must
;; be setuid-root.
(file-append util-linux "/bin/mount")
(file-append util-linux "/bin/umount"))))
(define %sudoers-specification
;; Default /etc/sudoers contents: 'root' and all members of the 'wheel'
;; group can do anything. See
;; <http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/man/1.8.10/sudoers.man.html>.
;; TODO: Add a declarative API.
(plain-file "sudoers" "\
root ALL=(ALL) ALL
%wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL\n"))
(define* (operating-system-activation-script os)
"Return the activation script for OS---i.e., the code that \"activates\" the
stateful part of OS, including user accounts and groups, special directories,
etc."
(let* ((services (operating-system-services os))
(activation (fold-services services
#:target-type activation-service-type)))
(activation-service->script activation)))
(define* (operating-system-boot-script os)
"Return the boot script for OS---i.e., the code started by the initrd once
we're running in the final root."
(let* ((services (operating-system-services os))
(boot (fold-services services #:target-type boot-service-type)))
(service-value boot)))
(define (operating-system-user-accounts os)
"Return the list of user accounts of OS."
(let* ((services (operating-system-services os))
(account (fold-services services
#:target-type account-service-type)))
(filter user-account?
(service-value account))))
(define (operating-system-shepherd-service-names os)
"Return the list of Shepherd service names for OS."
(append-map shepherd-service-provision
(service-value
(fold-services (operating-system-services os)
#:target-type
shepherd-root-service-type))))
(define* (operating-system-derivation os)
"Return a derivation that builds OS."
(let* ((services (operating-system-services os))
(system (fold-services services)))
;; SYSTEM contains the derivation as a monadic value.
(service-value system)))
(define* (operating-system-profile os)
"Return a derivation that builds the system profile of OS."
(mlet* %store-monad
((services -> (operating-system-services os))
(profile (fold-services services
#:target-type profile-service-type)))
(match profile
(("profile" profile)
(return profile)))))
(define (operating-system-root-file-system os)
"Return the root file system of OS."
(find (lambda (fs)
(string=? "/" (file-system-mount-point fs)))
(operating-system-file-systems os)))
(define (operating-system-initrd-file os)
"Return a gexp denoting the initrd file of OS."
(define boot-file-systems
(filter file-system-needed-for-boot?
(operating-system-file-systems os)))
(define mapped-devices
(operating-system-boot-mapped-devices os))
(define make-initrd
(operating-system-initrd os))
(make-initrd boot-file-systems
#:linux (operating-system-kernel os)
#:linux-modules
(operating-system-initrd-modules os)
#:mapped-devices mapped-devices
#:keyboard-layout (operating-system-keyboard-layout os)))
(define* (operating-system-uuid os #:optional (type 'dce))
"Compute UUID object with a deterministic \"UUID\" for OS, of the given
TYPE (one of 'iso9660 or 'dce). Return a UUID object."
;; Note: For this to be deterministic, we must not hash things that contains
;; (directly or indirectly) procedures, for example. That rules out
;; anything that contains gexps, thunk or delayed record fields, etc.
(define service-name
(compose service-type-name service-kind))
(define (file-system-digest fs)
;; Return a hashable digest that does not contain 'dependencies' since
;; this field can contain procedures.
(let ((device (file-system-device fs)))
(list (file-system-mount-point fs)
(file-system-type fs)
(file-system-device->string device)
(file-system-options fs))))
(if (eq? type 'iso9660)
(let ((pad (compose (cut string-pad <> 2 #\0)
number->string))
(h (hash (map service-name (operating-system-services os))
3600)))
(bytevector->uuid
(string->iso9660-uuid
(string-append "1970-01-01-"
(pad (hash (operating-system-host-name os) 24)) "-"
(pad (quotient h 60)) "-"
(pad (modulo h 60)) "-"
(pad (hash (map file-system-digest
(operating-system-file-systems os))
100))))
'iso9660))
(bytevector->uuid
(uint-list->bytevector
(list (hash (map file-system-digest
(operating-system-file-systems os))
(- (expt 2 32) 1))
(hash (operating-system-host-name os)
(- (expt 2 32) 1))
(hash (map service-name (operating-system-services os))
(- (expt 2 32) 1))
(hash (map file-system-digest (operating-system-file-systems os))
(- (expt 2 32) 1)))
(endianness little)
4)
type)))
(define (locale-name->definition* name)
"Variant of 'locale-name->definition' that raises an error upon failure."
(match (locale-name->definition name)
(#f
(raise (condition
(&message
(message (format #f (G_ "~a: invalid locale name") name))))))
(def def)))
(define (operating-system-locale-directory os)
"Return the directory containing the locales compiled for the definitions
listed in OS. The C library expects to find it under
/run/current-system/locale."
(define name
(operating-system-locale os))
(define definitions
;; While we're at it, check whether NAME is defined and add it if needed.
(if (member name (map locale-definition-name
(operating-system-locale-definitions os)))
(operating-system-locale-definitions os)
(cons (locale-name->definition* name)
(operating-system-locale-definitions os))))
(locale-directory definitions
#:libcs (operating-system-locale-libcs os)))
(define* (kernel->boot-label kernel #:key hurd)
"Return a label for the bootloader menu entry that boots KERNEL."
(cond ((package? hurd)
(string-append "GNU with the "
(string-titlecase (package-name hurd)) " "
(package-version hurd)))
((package? kernel)
(string-append "GNU with "
(string-titlecase (package-name kernel)) " "
(package-version kernel)))
((inferior-package? kernel)
(string-append "GNU with "
(string-titlecase (inferior-package-name kernel)) " "
(inferior-package-version kernel)))
(else "GNU")))
(define (operating-system-default-label os)
"Return the default label for OS, as it will appear in the bootloader menu
entry."
(kernel->boot-label (operating-system-kernel os)
#:hurd (operating-system-hurd os)))
(define (store-file-system file-systems)
"Return the file system object among FILE-SYSTEMS that contains the store."
(match (filter (lambda (fs)
(and (file-system-mount? fs)
(not (memq 'bind-mount (file-system-flags fs)))
(string-prefix? (file-system-mount-point fs)
(%store-prefix))))
file-systems)
((and candidates (head . tail))
(reduce (lambda (fs1 fs2)
(if (> (string-length (file-system-mount-point fs1))
(string-length (file-system-mount-point fs2)))
fs1
fs2))
head
candidates))))
(define (operating-system-store-file-system os)
"Return the file system that contains the store of OS."
(store-file-system (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(define* (operating-system-bootcfg os #:optional (old-entries '()))
"Return the bootloader configuration file for OS. Use OLD-ENTRIES,
a list of <menu-entry>, to populate the \"old entries\" menu."
(let* ((file-systems (operating-system-file-systems os))
(root-fs (operating-system-root-file-system os))
(root-device (file-system-device root-fs))
(params (operating-system-boot-parameters
os root-device
#:system-kernel-arguments? #t))
(entry (boot-parameters->menu-entry params))
(bootloader-conf (operating-system-bootloader os)))
(define generate-config-file
(bootloader-configuration-file-generator
(bootloader-configuration-bootloader bootloader-conf)))
(generate-config-file bootloader-conf (list entry)
#:old-entries old-entries
#:store-directory-prefix
(btrfs-store-subvolume-file-name file-systems))))
(define (operating-system-multiboot-modules os)
(if (operating-system-hurd os) (hurd-multiboot-modules os) '()))
(define (hurd-multiboot-modules os)
(let* ((hurd (operating-system-hurd os))
(root-file-system-command
(list (file-append hurd "/hurd/ext2fs.static")
"ext2fs"
"--multiboot-command-line='${kernel-command-line}'"
"--host-priv-port='${host-port}'"
"--device-master-port='${device-port}'"
"--exec-server-task='${exec-task}'"
"--store-type=typed"
"--x-xattr-translator-records"
"'${root}'" "'$(task-create)'" "'$(task-resume)'"))
(target (%current-target-system))
(libc (if target
(with-parameters ((%current-target-system #f))
;; TODO: cross-libc has extra patches for the Hurd;
;; remove in next rebuild cycle
(cross-libc target))
glibc))
(exec-server-command
(list (file-append libc "/lib/ld.so.1") "exec"
(file-append hurd "/hurd/exec") "'$(exec-task=task-create)'")))
(list root-file-system-command exec-server-command)))
(define* (operating-system-boot-parameters os root-device
#:key system-kernel-arguments?)
"Return a monadic <boot-parameters> record that describes the boot
parameters of OS. When SYSTEM-KERNEL-ARGUMENTS? is true, add kernel arguments
such as '--root' and '--load' to <boot-parameters>."
(let* ((initrd (and (not (hurd-target?))
(operating-system-initrd-file os)))
(store (operating-system-store-file-system os))
(bootloader (bootloader-configuration-bootloader
(operating-system-bootloader os)))
(bootloader-name (bootloader-name bootloader))
(label (operating-system-label os))
(multiboot-modules (operating-system-multiboot-modules os)))
(boot-parameters
(label label)
(root-device root-device)
(kernel (operating-system-kernel-file os))
(kernel-arguments
(if system-kernel-arguments?
(operating-system-kernel-arguments os root-device)
(operating-system-user-kernel-arguments os)))
(initrd initrd)
(multiboot-modules multiboot-modules)
(bootloader-name bootloader-name)
(bootloader-menu-entries
(bootloader-configuration-menu-entries (operating-system-bootloader os)))
(store-device (ensure-not-/dev (file-system-device store)))
(store-mount-point (file-system-mount-point store)))))
(define (device->sexp device)
"Serialize DEVICE as an sexp (really, as an object with a read syntax.)"
(match device
((? uuid? uuid)
`(uuid ,(uuid-type uuid) ,(uuid-bytevector uuid)))
((? file-system-label? label)
`(file-system-label ,(file-system-label->string label)))
(_
device)))
(define* (operating-system-boot-parameters-file os
#:key system-kernel-arguments?)
"Return a file that describes the boot parameters of OS. The primary use of
this file is the reconstruction of GRUB menu entries for old configurations.
When SYSTEM-KERNEL-ARGUMENTS? is true, add kernel arguments such as '--root'
and '--load' to the returned file (since the returned file is then usually
stored into the content-addressed \"system\" directory, it's usually not a
good idea to give it because the content hash would change by the content hash
being stored into the \"parameters\" file)."
(let* ((root (operating-system-root-file-system os))
(device (file-system-device root))
(params (operating-system-boot-parameters
os device
#:system-kernel-arguments?
system-kernel-arguments?)))
(scheme-file "parameters"
#~(boot-parameters
(version 0)
(label #$(boot-parameters-label params))
(root-device
#$(device->sexp
(boot-parameters-root-device params)))
(kernel #$(boot-parameters-kernel params))
(kernel-arguments
#$(boot-parameters-kernel-arguments params))
(initrd #$(boot-parameters-initrd params))
(bootloader-name #$(boot-parameters-bootloader-name params))
(bootloader-menu-entries
#$(map menu-entry->sexp
(or (and=> (operating-system-bootloader os)
bootloader-configuration-menu-entries)
'())))
(store
(device
#$(device->sexp (boot-parameters-store-device params)))
(mount-point #$(boot-parameters-store-mount-point
params))))
#:set-load-path? #f)))
(define-gexp-compiler (operating-system-compiler (os <operating-system>)
system target)
((store-lift
(lambda (store)
;; XXX: This is not super elegant but we can't pass SYSTEM and TARGET to
;; 'operating-system-derivation'.
(run-with-store store (operating-system-derivation os)
#:system system
#:target target)))))
;;; system.scm ends here