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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2014 Nikita Karetnikov <nikita@karetnikov.org>
;;; Copyright © 2018 Kyle Meyer <kyle@kyleam.com>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (guix scripts substitute)
#:use-module (guix ui)
#:use-module (guix store)
#:use-module (guix utils)
#:use-module (guix combinators)
#:use-module (guix config)
#:use-module (guix records)
#:use-module ((guix serialization) #:select (restore-file))
#:use-module (gcrypt hash)
#:use-module (guix base32)
#:use-module (guix base64)
#:use-module (guix cache)
#:use-module (gcrypt pk-crypto)
#:use-module (guix pki)
#:use-module ((guix build utils) #:select (mkdir-p dump-port))
#:use-module ((guix build download)
#:select (uri-abbreviation nar-uri-abbreviation
(open-connection-for-uri
. guix:open-connection-for-uri)
store-path-abbreviation byte-count->string))
#:use-module (guix progress)
#:use-module ((guix build syscalls)
#:select (set-thread-name))
#:autoload (guix lzlib) (lzlib-available?)
#:use-module (ice-9 rdelim)
#:use-module (ice-9 regex)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 format)
#:use-module (ice-9 ftw)
#:use-module (ice-9 binary-ports)
#:use-module (ice-9 vlist)
#:use-module (rnrs bytevectors)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-9)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-11)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-19)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
#:use-module (web uri)
#:use-module (web http)
#:use-module (web request)
#:use-module (web response)
#:use-module (guix http-client)
#:export (narinfo-signature->canonical-sexp
narinfo?
narinfo-path
narinfo-uris
narinfo-uri-base
narinfo-compressions
narinfo-file-hashes
narinfo-file-sizes
narinfo-hash
narinfo-size
narinfo-references
narinfo-deriver
narinfo-system
narinfo-signature
narinfo-hash->sha256
narinfo-best-uri
lookup-narinfos
lookup-narinfos/diverse
read-narinfo
write-narinfo
%allow-unauthenticated-substitutes?
substitute-urls
guix-substitute))
;;; Comment:
;;;
;;; This is the "binary substituter". It is invoked by the daemon do check
;;; for the existence of available "substitutes" (pre-built binaries), and to
;;; actually use them as a substitute to building things locally.
;;;
;;; If possible, substitute a binary for the requested store path, using a Nix
;;; "binary cache". This program implements the Nix "substituter" protocol.
;;;
;;; Code:
(define %narinfo-cache-directory
;; A local cache of narinfos, to avoid going to the network. Most of the
;; time, 'guix substitute' is called by guix-daemon as root and stores its
;; cached data in /var/guix/…. However, when invoked from 'guix challenge'
;; as a user, it stores its cache in ~/.cache.
(if (zero? (getuid))
(or (and=> (getenv "XDG_CACHE_HOME")
(cut string-append <> "/guix/substitute"))
(string-append %state-directory "/substitute/cache"))
(string-append (cache-directory #:ensure? #f) "/substitute")))
(define (warn-about-missing-authentication)
(warning (G_ "authentication and authorization of substitutes \
disabled!~%"))
#t)
(define %allow-unauthenticated-substitutes?
;; Whether to allow unchecked substitutes. This is useful for testing
;; purposes, and should be avoided otherwise.
(make-parameter
(and=> (getenv "GUIX_ALLOW_UNAUTHENTICATED_SUBSTITUTES")
(cut string-ci=? <> "yes"))
(lambda (value)
(when value
(warn-about-missing-authentication))
value)))
(define %narinfo-ttl
;; Number of seconds during which cached narinfo lookups are considered
;; valid for substitute servers that do not advertise a TTL via the
;; 'Cache-Control' response header.
(* 36 3600))
(define %narinfo-negative-ttl
;; Likewise, but for negative lookups---i.e., cached lookup failures (404).
(* 3 3600))
(define %narinfo-transient-error-ttl
;; Likewise, but for transient errors such as 504 ("Gateway timeout").
(* 10 60))
(define %narinfo-expired-cache-entry-removal-delay
;; How often we want to remove files corresponding to expired cache entries.
(* 7 24 3600))
(define fields->alist
;; The narinfo format is really just like recutils.
recutils->alist)
(define %fetch-timeout
;; Number of seconds after which networking is considered "slow".
5)
(define %random-state
(seed->random-state (+ (ash (cdr (gettimeofday)) 32) (getpid))))
(define-syntax-rule (with-timeout duration handler body ...)
"Run BODY; when DURATION seconds have expired, call HANDLER, and run BODY
again."
(begin
(sigaction SIGALRM
(lambda (signum)
(sigaction SIGALRM SIG_DFL)
handler))
(alarm duration)
(call-with-values
(lambda ()
(let try ()
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
body ...)
(lambda args
;; Before Guile v2.0.9-39-gfe51c7b, the SIGALRM triggers EINTR
;; because of the bug at
;; <http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/guile-devel/2013-06/msg00050.html>.
;; When that happens, try again. Note: SA_RESTART cannot be
;; used because of <http://bugs.gnu.org/14640>.
(if (= EINTR (system-error-errno args))
(begin
;; Wait a little to avoid bursts.
(usleep (random 3000000 %random-state))
(try))
(apply throw args))))))
(lambda result
(alarm 0)
(sigaction SIGALRM SIG_DFL)
(apply values result)))))
(define* (fetch uri #:key (buffered? #t) (timeout? #t))
"Return a binary input port to URI and the number of bytes it's expected to
provide."
(case (uri-scheme uri)
((file)
(let ((port (open-file (uri-path uri)
(if buffered? "rb" "r0b"))))
(values port (stat:size (stat port)))))
((http https)
(guard (c ((http-get-error? c)
(leave (G_ "download from '~a' failed: ~a, ~s~%")
(uri->string (http-get-error-uri c))
(http-get-error-code c)
(http-get-error-reason c))))
;; Test this with:
;; sudo tc qdisc add dev eth0 root netem delay 1500ms
;; and then cancel with:
;; sudo tc qdisc del dev eth0 root
(let ((port #f))
(with-timeout (if timeout?
%fetch-timeout
0)
(begin
(warning (G_ "while fetching ~a: server is somewhat slow~%")
(uri->string uri))
(warning (G_ "try `--no-substitutes' if the problem persists~%")))
(begin
(when (or (not port) (port-closed? port))
(set! port (guix:open-connection-for-uri
uri #:verify-certificate? #f))
(unless (or buffered? (not (file-port? port)))
(setvbuf port 'none)))
(http-fetch uri #:text? #f #:port port
#:verify-certificate? #f))))))
(else
(leave (G_ "unsupported substitute URI scheme: ~a~%")
(uri->string uri)))))
(define-record-type <narinfo>
(%make-narinfo path uri-base uris compressions file-sizes file-hashes
nar-hash nar-size references deriver system
signature contents)
narinfo?
(path narinfo-path)
(uri-base narinfo-uri-base) ;URI of the cache it originates from
(uris narinfo-uris) ;list of strings
(compressions narinfo-compressions) ;list of strings
(file-sizes narinfo-file-sizes) ;list of (integers | #f)
(file-hashes narinfo-file-hashes)
(nar-hash narinfo-hash)
(nar-size narinfo-size)
(references narinfo-references)
(deriver narinfo-deriver)
(system narinfo-system)
(signature narinfo-signature) ; canonical sexp
;; The original contents of a narinfo file. This field is needed because we
;; want to preserve the exact textual representation for verification purposes.
;; See <https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/guix-devel/2014-02/msg00340.html>
;; for more information.
(contents narinfo-contents))
(define (narinfo-hash->sha256 hash)
"If the string HASH denotes a sha256 hash, return it as a bytevector.
Otherwise return #f."
(and (string-prefix? "sha256:" hash)
(nix-base32-string->bytevector (string-drop hash 7))))
(define (narinfo-signature->canonical-sexp str)
"Return the value of a narinfo's 'Signature' field as a canonical sexp."
(match (string-split str #\;)
((version host-name sig)
(let ((maybe-number (string->number version)))
(cond ((not (number? maybe-number))
(leave (G_ "signature version must be a number: ~s~%")
version))
;; Currently, there are no other versions.
((not (= 1 maybe-number))
(leave (G_ "unsupported signature version: ~a~%")
maybe-number))
(else
(let ((signature (utf8->string (base64-decode sig))))
(catch 'gcry-error
(lambda ()
(string->canonical-sexp signature))
(lambda (key proc err)
(leave (G_ "signature is not a valid \
s-expression: ~s~%")
signature))))))))
(x
(leave (G_ "invalid format of the signature field: ~a~%") x))))
(define (narinfo-maker str cache-url)
"Return a narinfo constructor for narinfos originating from CACHE-URL. STR
must contain the original contents of a narinfo file."
(lambda (path urls compressions file-hashes file-sizes
nar-hash nar-size references deriver system
signature)
"Return a new <narinfo> object."
(define len (length urls))
(%make-narinfo path cache-url
;; Handle the case where URL is a relative URL.
(map (lambda (url)
(or (string->uri url)
(string->uri
(string-append cache-url "/" url))))
urls)
compressions
(match file-sizes
(() (make-list len #f))
((lst ...) (map string->number lst)))
(match file-hashes
(() (make-list len #f))
((lst ...) (map string->number lst)))
nar-hash
(and=> nar-size string->number)
(string-tokenize references)
(match deriver
((or #f "") #f)
(_ deriver))
system
(false-if-exception
(and=> signature narinfo-signature->canonical-sexp))
str)))
(define* (read-narinfo port #:optional url
#:key size)
"Read a narinfo from PORT. If URL is true, it must be a string used to
build full URIs from relative URIs found while reading PORT. When SIZE is
true, read at most SIZE bytes from PORT; otherwise, read as much as possible.
No authentication and authorization checks are performed here!"
(let ((str (utf8->string (if size
(get-bytevector-n port size)
(get-bytevector-all port)))))
(alist->record (call-with-input-string str fields->alist)
(narinfo-maker str url)
'("StorePath" "URL" "Compression"
"FileHash" "FileSize" "NarHash" "NarSize"
"References" "Deriver" "System"
"Signature")
'("URL" "Compression" "FileSize" "FileHash"))))
(define (narinfo-sha256 narinfo)
"Return the sha256 hash of NARINFO as a bytevector, or #f if NARINFO lacks a
'Signature' field."
(define %mandatory-fields
;; List of fields that must be signed. If they are not signed, the
;; narinfo is considered unsigned.
'("StorePath" "NarHash" "References"))
(let ((contents (narinfo-contents narinfo)))
(match (string-contains contents "Signature:")
(#f #f)
(index
(let* ((above-signature (string-take contents index))
(signed-fields (match (call-with-input-string above-signature
fields->alist)
(((fields . values) ...) fields))))
(and (every (cut member <> signed-fields) %mandatory-fields)
(sha256 (string->utf8 above-signature))))))))
(define* (valid-narinfo? narinfo #:optional (acl (current-acl))
#:key verbose?)
"Return #t if NARINFO's signature is not valid."
(or (%allow-unauthenticated-substitutes?)
(let ((hash (narinfo-sha256 narinfo))
(signature (narinfo-signature narinfo))
(uri (uri->string (first (narinfo-uris narinfo)))))
(and hash signature
(signature-case (signature hash acl)
(valid-signature #t)
(invalid-signature
(when verbose?
(format (current-error-port)
"invalid signature for substitute at '~a'~%"
uri))
#f)
(hash-mismatch
(when verbose?
(format (current-error-port)
"hash mismatch for substitute at '~a'~%"
uri))
#f)
(unauthorized-key
(when verbose?
(format (current-error-port)
"substitute at '~a' is signed by an \
unauthorized party~%"
uri))
#f)
(corrupt-signature
(when verbose?
(format (current-error-port)
"corrupt signature for substitute at '~a'~%"
uri))
#f))))))
(define (write-narinfo narinfo port)
"Write NARINFO to PORT."
(put-bytevector port (string->utf8 (narinfo-contents narinfo))))
(define (narinfo->string narinfo)
"Return the external representation of NARINFO."
(call-with-output-string (cut write-narinfo narinfo <>)))
(define (string->narinfo str cache-uri)
"Return the narinfo represented by STR. Assume CACHE-URI as the base URI of
the cache STR originates form."
(call-with-input-string str (cut read-narinfo <> cache-uri)))
(define (narinfo-cache-file cache-url path)
"Return the name of the local file that contains an entry for PATH. The
entry is stored in a sub-directory specific to CACHE-URL."
;; The daemon does not sanitize its input, so PATH could be something like
;; "/gnu/store/foo". Gracefully handle that.
(match (store-path-hash-part path)
(#f
(leave (G_ "'~a' does not name a store item~%") path))
((? string? hash-part)
(string-append %narinfo-cache-directory "/"
(bytevector->base32-string (sha256 (string->utf8 cache-url)))
"/" hash-part))))
(define (cached-narinfo cache-url path)
"Check locally if we have valid info about PATH coming from CACHE-URL.
Return two values: a Boolean indicating whether we have valid cached info, and
that info, which may be either #f (when PATH is unavailable) or the narinfo
for PATH."
(define now
(current-time time-monotonic))
(define cache-file
(narinfo-cache-file cache-url path))
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(call-with-input-file cache-file
(lambda (p)
(match (read p)
(('narinfo ('version 2)
('cache-uri cache-uri)
('date date) ('ttl ttl) ('value #f))
;; A cached negative lookup.
(if (obsolete? date now ttl)
(values #f #f)
(values #t #f)))
(('narinfo ('version 2)
('cache-uri cache-uri)
('date date) ('ttl ttl) ('value value))
;; A cached positive lookup
(if (obsolete? date now ttl)
(values #f #f)
(values #t (string->narinfo value cache-uri))))
(('narinfo ('version v) _ ...)
(values #f #f))))))
(lambda _
(values #f #f))))
(define (cache-narinfo! cache-url path narinfo ttl)
"Cache locally NARNIFO for PATH, which originates from CACHE-URL, with the
given TTL (a number of seconds or #f). NARINFO may be #f, in which case it
indicates that PATH is unavailable at CACHE-URL."
(define now
(current-time time-monotonic))
(define (cache-entry cache-uri narinfo)
`(narinfo (version 2)
(cache-uri ,cache-uri)
(date ,(time-second now))
(ttl ,(or ttl
(if narinfo %narinfo-ttl %narinfo-negative-ttl)))
(value ,(and=> narinfo narinfo->string))))
(let ((file (narinfo-cache-file cache-url path)))
(mkdir-p (dirname file))
(with-atomic-file-output file
(lambda (out)
(write (cache-entry cache-url narinfo) out))))
narinfo)
(define (narinfo-request cache-url path)
"Return an HTTP request for the narinfo of PATH at CACHE-URL."
(let ((url (string-append cache-url "/" (store-path-hash-part path)
".narinfo"))
(headers '((User-Agent . "GNU Guile"))))
(build-request (string->uri url) #:method 'GET #:headers headers)))
(define (at-most max-length lst)
"If LST is shorter than MAX-LENGTH, return it; otherwise return its
MAX-LENGTH first elements."
(let loop ((len 0)
(lst lst)
(result '()))
(match lst
(()
(reverse result))
((head . tail)
(if (>= len max-length)
(reverse result)
(loop (+ 1 len) tail (cons head result)))))))
(define* (http-multiple-get base-uri proc seed requests
#:key port (verify-certificate? #t))
"Send all of REQUESTS to the server at BASE-URI. Call PROC for each
response, passing it the request object, the response, a port from which to
read the response body, and the previous result, starting with SEED, à la
'fold'. Return the final result. When PORT is specified, use it as the
initial connection on which HTTP requests are sent."
(let connect ((port port)
(requests requests)
(result seed))
(define batch
(at-most 1000 requests))
;; (format (current-error-port) "connecting (~a requests left)..."
;; (length requests))
(let ((p (or port (guix:open-connection-for-uri
base-uri
#:verify-certificate?
verify-certificate?))))
;; For HTTPS, P is not a file port and does not support 'setvbuf'.
(when (file-port? p)
(setvbuf p 'block (expt 2 16)))
;; Send BATCH in a row.
;; XXX: Do our own caching to work around inefficiencies when
;; communicating over TLS: <http://bugs.gnu.org/22966>.
(let-values (((buffer get) (open-bytevector-output-port)))
;; Inherit the HTTP proxying property from P.
(set-http-proxy-port?! buffer (http-proxy-port? p))
(for-each (cut write-request <> buffer)
batch)
(put-bytevector p (get))
(force-output p))
;; Now start processing responses.
(let loop ((sent batch)
(processed 0)
(result result))
(match sent
(()
(match (drop requests processed)
(()
(reverse result))
(remainder
(connect p remainder result))))
((head tail ...)
(let* ((resp (read-response p))
(body (response-body-port resp))
(result (proc head resp body result)))
;; The server can choose to stop responding at any time, in which
;; case we have to try again. Check whether that is the case.
;; Note that even upon "Connection: close", we can read from BODY.
(match (assq 'connection (response-headers resp))
(('connection 'close)
(close-port p)
(connect #f ;try again
(drop requests (+ 1 processed))
result))
(_
(loop tail (+ 1 processed) result)))))))))) ;keep going
(define (read-to-eof port)
"Read from PORT until EOF is reached. The data are discarded."
(dump-port port (%make-void-port "w")))
(define (narinfo-from-file file url)
"Attempt to read a narinfo from FILE, using URL as the cache URL. Return #f
if file doesn't exist, and the narinfo otherwise."
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(call-with-input-file file
(cut read-narinfo <> url)))
(lambda args
(if (= ENOENT (system-error-errno args))
#f
(apply throw args)))))
(define %unreachable-hosts
;; Set of names of unreachable hosts.
(make-hash-table))
(define* (open-connection-for-uri/maybe uri
#:key
(verify-certificate? #f)
(time %fetch-timeout))
"Open a connection to URI and return a port to it, or, if connection failed,
print a warning and return #f."
(define host
(uri-host uri))
(catch #t
(lambda ()
(guix:open-connection-for-uri uri
#:verify-certificate? verify-certificate?
#:timeout time))
(match-lambda*
(('getaddrinfo-error error)
(unless (hash-ref %unreachable-hosts host)
(hash-set! %unreachable-hosts host #t) ;warn only once
(warning (G_ "~a: host not found: ~a~%")
host (gai-strerror error)))
#f)
(('system-error . args)
(unless (hash-ref %unreachable-hosts host)
(hash-set! %unreachable-hosts host #t)
(warning (G_ "~a: connection failed: ~a~%") host
(strerror
(system-error-errno `(system-error ,@args)))))
#f)
(args
(apply throw args)))))
(define (fetch-narinfos url paths)
"Retrieve all the narinfos for PATHS from the cache at URL and return them."
(define update-progress!
(let ((done 0)
(total (length paths)))
(lambda ()
(display "\r\x1b[K" (current-error-port)) ;erase current line
(force-output (current-error-port))
(format (current-error-port)
(G_ "updating substitutes from '~a'... ~5,1f%")
url (* 100. (/ done total)))
(set! done (+ 1 done)))))
(define hash-part->path
(let ((mapping (fold (lambda (path result)
(vhash-cons (store-path-hash-part path) path
result))
vlist-null
paths)))
(lambda (hash)
(match (vhash-assoc hash mapping)
(#f #f)
((_ . path) path)))))
(define (handle-narinfo-response request response port result)
(let* ((code (response-code response))
(len (response-content-length response))
(cache (response-cache-control response))
(ttl (and cache (assoc-ref cache 'max-age))))
(update-progress!)
;; Make sure to read no more than LEN bytes since subsequent bytes may
;; belong to the next response.
(if (= code 200) ; hit
(let ((narinfo (read-narinfo port url #:size len)))
(if (string=? (dirname (narinfo-path narinfo))
(%store-prefix))
(begin
(cache-narinfo! url (narinfo-path narinfo) narinfo ttl)
(cons narinfo result))
result))
(let* ((path (uri-path (request-uri request)))
(hash-part (basename
(string-drop-right path 8)))) ;drop ".narinfo"
(if len
(get-bytevector-n port len)
(read-to-eof port))
(cache-narinfo! url (hash-part->path hash-part) #f
(if (= 404 code)
ttl
%narinfo-transient-error-ttl))
result))))
(define (do-fetch uri)
(case (and=> uri uri-scheme)
((http https)
(let ((requests (map (cut narinfo-request url <>) paths)))
(match (open-connection-for-uri/maybe uri)
(#f
'())
(port
(update-progress!)
;; Note: Do not check HTTPS server certificates to avoid depending
;; on the X.509 PKI. We can do it because we authenticate
;; narinfos, which provides a much stronger guarantee.
(let ((result (http-multiple-get uri
handle-narinfo-response '()
requests
#:verify-certificate? #f
#:port port)))
(close-port port)
(newline (current-error-port))
result)))))
((file #f)
(let* ((base (string-append (uri-path uri) "/"))
(files (map (compose (cut string-append base <> ".narinfo")
store-path-hash-part)
paths)))
(filter-map (cut narinfo-from-file <> url) files)))
(else
(leave (G_ "~s: unsupported server URI scheme~%")
(if uri (uri-scheme uri) url)))))
(do-fetch (string->uri url)))
(define (lookup-narinfos cache paths)
"Return the narinfos for PATHS, invoking the server at CACHE when no
information is available locally."
(let-values (((cached missing)
(fold2 (lambda (path cached missing)
(let-values (((valid? value)
(cached-narinfo cache path)))
(if valid?
(if value
(values (cons value cached) missing)
(values cached missing))
(values cached (cons path missing)))))
'()
'()
paths)))
(if (null? missing)
cached
(let ((missing (fetch-narinfos cache missing)))
(append cached (or missing '()))))))
(define (equivalent-narinfo? narinfo1 narinfo2)
"Return true if NARINFO1 and NARINFO2 are equivalent--i.e., if they describe
the same store item. This ignores unnecessary metadata such as the Nar URL."
(and (string=? (narinfo-hash narinfo1)
(narinfo-hash narinfo2))
;; The following is not needed if all we want is to download a valid
;; nar, but it's necessary if we want valid narinfo.
(string=? (narinfo-path narinfo1)
(narinfo-path narinfo2))
(equal? (narinfo-references narinfo1)
(narinfo-references narinfo2))
(= (narinfo-size narinfo1)
(narinfo-size narinfo2))))
(define (lookup-narinfos/diverse caches paths authorized?)
"Look up narinfos for PATHS on all of CACHES, a list of URLS, in that order.
That is, when a cache lacks an AUTHORIZED? narinfo, look it up in the next
cache, and so on.
Return a list of narinfos for PATHS or a subset thereof. The returned
narinfos are either AUTHORIZED?, or they claim a hash that matches an
AUTHORIZED? narinfo."
(define (select-hit result)
(lambda (path)
(match (vhash-fold* cons '() path result)
((one)
one)
((several ..1)
(let ((authorized (find authorized? (reverse several))))
(and authorized
(find (cut equivalent-narinfo? <> authorized)
several)))))))
(let loop ((caches caches)
(paths paths)
(result vlist-null) ;path->narinfo vhash
(hits '())) ;paths
(match paths
(() ;we're done
;; Now iterate on all the HITS, and return exactly one match for each
;; hit: the first narinfo that is authorized, or that has the same hash
;; as an authorized narinfo, in the order of CACHES.
(filter-map (select-hit result) hits))
(_
(match caches
((cache rest ...)
(let* ((narinfos (lookup-narinfos cache paths))
(definite (map narinfo-path (filter authorized? narinfos)))
(missing (lset-difference string=? paths definite))) ;XXX: perf
(loop rest missing
(fold vhash-cons result
(map narinfo-path narinfos) narinfos)
(append definite hits))))
(() ;that's it
(filter-map (select-hit result) hits)))))))
(define (lookup-narinfo caches path authorized?)
"Return the narinfo for PATH in CACHES, or #f when no substitute for PATH
was found."
(match (lookup-narinfos/diverse caches (list path) authorized?)
((answer) answer)
(_ #f)))
(define (cached-narinfo-expiration-time file)
"Return the expiration time for FILE, which is a cached narinfo."
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(call-with-input-file file
(lambda (port)
(match (read port)
(('narinfo ('version 2) ('cache-uri uri)
('date date) ('ttl ttl) ('value #f))
(+ date ttl))
(('narinfo ('version 2) ('cache-uri uri)
('date date) ('ttl ttl) ('value value))
(+ date ttl))
(x
0)))))
(lambda args
;; FILE may have been deleted.
0)))
(define (narinfo-cache-directories directory)
"Return the list of narinfo cache directories (one per cache URL.)"
(map (cut string-append directory "/" <>)
(scandir %narinfo-cache-directory
(lambda (item)
(and (not (member item '("." "..")))
(file-is-directory?
(string-append %narinfo-cache-directory
"/" item)))))))
(define* (cached-narinfo-files #:optional
(directory %narinfo-cache-directory))
"Return the list of cached narinfo files under DIRECTORY."
(append-map (lambda (directory)
(map (cut string-append directory "/" <>)
(scandir directory
(lambda (file)
(= (string-length file) 32)))))
(narinfo-cache-directories directory)))
(define-syntax with-networking
(syntax-rules ()
"Catch DNS lookup errors and TLS errors and gracefully exit."
;; Note: no attempt is made to catch other networking errors, because DNS
;; lookup errors are typically the first one, and because other errors are
;; a subset of `system-error', which is harder to filter.
((_ exp ...)
(catch #t
(lambda () exp ...)
(match-lambda*
(('getaddrinfo-error error)
(leave (G_ "host name lookup error: ~a~%")
(gai-strerror error)))
(('gnutls-error error proc . rest)
(let ((error->string (module-ref (resolve-interface '(gnutls))
'error->string)))
(leave (G_ "TLS error in procedure '~a': ~a~%")
proc (error->string error))))
(args
(apply throw args)))))))
;;;
;;; Help.
;;;
(define (show-help)
(display (G_ "Usage: guix substitute [OPTION]...
Internal tool to substitute a pre-built binary to a local build.\n"))
(display (G_ "
--query report on the availability of substitutes for the
store file names passed on the standard input"))
(display (G_ "
--substitute STORE-FILE DESTINATION
download STORE-FILE and store it as a Nar in file
DESTINATION"))
(newline)
(display (G_ "
-h, --help display this help and exit"))
(display (G_ "
-V, --version display version information and exit"))
(newline)
(show-bug-report-information))
;;;
;;; Daemon/substituter protocol.
;;;
(define (display-narinfo-data narinfo)
"Write to the current output port the contents of NARINFO in the format
expected by the daemon."
(format #t "~a\n~a\n~a\n"
(narinfo-path narinfo)
(or (and=> (narinfo-deriver narinfo)
(cute string-append (%store-prefix) "/" <>))
"")
(length (narinfo-references narinfo)))
(for-each (cute format #t "~a/~a~%" (%store-prefix) <>)
(narinfo-references narinfo))
(let-values (((uri compression file-size) (narinfo-best-uri narinfo)))
(format #t "~a\n~a\n"
(or file-size 0)
(or (narinfo-size narinfo) 0))))
(define* (process-query command
#:key cache-urls acl)
"Reply to COMMAND, a query as written by the daemon to this process's
standard input. Use ACL as the access-control list against which to check
authorized substitutes."
(define (valid? obj)
(valid-narinfo? obj acl))
(match (string-tokenize command)
(("have" paths ..1)
;; Return the subset of PATHS available in CACHE-URLS.
(let ((substitutable (lookup-narinfos/diverse cache-urls paths valid?)))
(for-each (lambda (narinfo)
(format #t "~a~%" (narinfo-path narinfo)))
substitutable)
(newline)))
(("info" paths ..1)
;; Reply info about PATHS if it's in CACHE-URLS.
(let ((substitutable (lookup-narinfos/diverse cache-urls paths valid?)))
(for-each display-narinfo-data substitutable)
(newline)))
(wtf
(error "unknown `--query' command" wtf))))
(define %compression-methods
;; Known compression methods and a thunk to determine whether they're
;; supported. See 'decompressed-port' in (guix utils).
`(("gzip" . ,(const #t))
("lzip" . ,lzlib-available?)
("xz" . ,(const #t))
("bzip2" . ,(const #t))
("none" . ,(const #t))))
(define (supported-compression? compression)
"Return true if COMPRESSION, a string, denotes a supported compression
method."
(match (assoc-ref %compression-methods compression)
(#f #f)
(supported? (supported?))))
(define (compresses-better? compression1 compression2)
"Return true if COMPRESSION1 generally compresses better than COMPRESSION2;
this is a rough approximation."
(match compression1
("none" #f)
("gzip" (string=? compression2 "none"))
(_ (or (string=? compression2 "none")
(string=? compression2 "gzip")))))
(define (narinfo-best-uri narinfo)
"Select the \"best\" URI to download NARINFO's nar, and return three values:
the URI, its compression method (a string), and the compressed file size."
(define choices
(filter (match-lambda
((uri compression file-size)
(supported-compression? compression)))
(zip (narinfo-uris narinfo)
(narinfo-compressions narinfo)
(narinfo-file-sizes narinfo))))
(define (file-size<? c1 c2)
(match c1
((uri1 compression1 (? integer? file-size1))
(match c2
((uri2 compression2 (? integer? file-size2))
(< file-size1 file-size2))
(_ #t)))
((uri compression1 #f)
(match c2
((uri2 compression2 _)
(compresses-better? compression1 compression2))))
(_ #f))) ;we can't tell
(match (sort choices file-size<?)
(((uri compression file-size) _ ...)
(values uri compression file-size))))
(define* (process-substitution store-item destination
#:key cache-urls acl print-build-trace?)
"Substitute STORE-ITEM (a store file name) from CACHE-URLS, and write it to
DESTINATION as a nar file. Verify the substitute against ACL."
(define narinfo
(lookup-narinfo cache-urls store-item
(cut valid-narinfo? <> acl)))
(unless narinfo
(leave (G_ "no valid substitute for '~a'~%")
store-item))
(let-values (((uri compression file-size)
(narinfo-best-uri narinfo)))
;; Tell the daemon what the expected hash of the Nar itself is.
(format #t "~a~%" (narinfo-hash narinfo))
(unless print-build-trace?
(format (current-error-port)
(G_ "Downloading ~a...~%") (uri->string uri)))
(let*-values (((raw download-size)
;; Note that Hydra currently generates Nars on the fly
;; and doesn't specify a Content-Length, so
;; DOWNLOAD-SIZE is #f in practice.
(fetch uri #:buffered? #f #:timeout? #f))
((progress)
(let* ((dl-size (or download-size
(and (equal? compression "none")
(narinfo-size narinfo))))
(reporter (if print-build-trace?
(progress-reporter/trace
destination
(uri->string uri) dl-size
(current-error-port))
(progress-reporter/file
(uri->string uri) dl-size
(current-error-port)
#:abbreviation nar-uri-abbreviation))))
(progress-report-port reporter raw)))
((input pids)
;; NOTE: This 'progress' port of current process will be
;; closed here, while the child process doing the
;; reporting will close it upon exit.
(decompressed-port (string->symbol compression)
progress)))
;; Unpack the Nar at INPUT into DESTINATION.
(restore-file input destination)
(close-port input)
;; Wait for the reporter to finish.
(every (compose zero? cdr waitpid) pids)
;; Skip a line after what 'progress-reporter/file' printed, and another
;; one to visually separate substitutions.
(display "\n\n" (current-error-port)))))
;;;
;;; Entry point.
;;;
(define (check-acl-initialized)
"Warn if the ACL is uninitialized."
(define (singleton? acl)
;; True if ACL contains just the user's public key.
(and (file-exists? %public-key-file)
(let ((key (call-with-input-file %public-key-file
(compose string->canonical-sexp
read-string))))
(match acl
((thing)
(equal? (canonical-sexp->string thing)
(canonical-sexp->string key)))
(_
#f)))))
(let ((acl (acl->public-keys (current-acl))))
(when (or (null? acl) (singleton? acl))
(warning (G_ "ACL for archive imports seems to be uninitialized, \
substitutes may be unavailable\n")))))
(define (daemon-options)
"Return a list of name/value pairs denoting build daemon options."
(define %not-newline
(char-set-complement (char-set #\newline)))
(match (getenv "_NIX_OPTIONS")
(#f ;should not happen when called by the daemon
'())
(newline-separated
;; Here we get something of the form "OPTION1=VALUE1\nOPTION2=VALUE2\n".
(filter-map (lambda (option=value)
(match (string-index option=value #\=)
(#f ;invalid option setting
#f)
(equal-sign
(cons (string-take option=value equal-sign)
(string-drop option=value (+ 1 equal-sign))))))
(string-tokenize newline-separated %not-newline)))))
(define (find-daemon-option option)
"Return the value of build daemon option OPTION, or #f if it could not be
found."
(assoc-ref (daemon-options) option))
(define %default-substitute-urls
(match (and=> (or (find-daemon-option "untrusted-substitute-urls") ;client
(find-daemon-option "substitute-urls")) ;admin
string-tokenize)
((urls ...)
urls)
(#f
;; This can only happen when this script is not invoked by the
;; daemon.
'("http://ci.guix.gnu.org"))))
(define substitute-urls
;; List of substitute URLs.
(make-parameter %default-substitute-urls))
(define (client-terminal-columns)
"Return the number of columns in the client's terminal, if it is known, or a
default value."
(or (and=> (or (find-daemon-option "untrusted-terminal-columns")
(find-daemon-option "terminal-columns"))
(lambda (str)
(let ((number (string->number str)))
(and number (max 20 (- number 1))))))
80))
(define (validate-uri uri)
(unless (string->uri uri)
(leave (G_ "~a: invalid URI~%") uri)))
(define (guix-substitute . args)
"Implement the build daemon's substituter protocol."
(define print-build-trace?
(match (or (find-daemon-option "untrusted-print-extended-build-trace")
(find-daemon-option "print-extended-build-trace"))
(#f #f)
((= string->number number) (> number 0))
(_ #f)))
(mkdir-p %narinfo-cache-directory)
(maybe-remove-expired-cache-entries %narinfo-cache-directory
cached-narinfo-files
#:entry-expiration
cached-narinfo-expiration-time
#:cleanup-period
%narinfo-expired-cache-entry-removal-delay)
(check-acl-initialized)
;; Starting from commit 22144afa in Nix, we are allowed to bail out directly
;; when we know we cannot substitute, but we must emit a newline on stdout
;; when everything is alright.
(when (null? (substitute-urls))
(exit 0))
;; Say hello (see above.)
(newline)
(force-output (current-output-port))
;; Sanity-check SUBSTITUTE-URLS so we can provide a meaningful error message.
(for-each validate-uri (substitute-urls))
;; Attempt to install the client's locale, mostly so that messages are
;; suitably translated.
(match (or (find-daemon-option "untrusted-locale")
(find-daemon-option "locale"))
(#f #f)
(locale (false-if-exception (setlocale LC_ALL locale))))
(catch 'system-error
(lambda ()
(set-thread-name "guix substitute"))
(const #t)) ;GNU/Hurd lacks 'prctl'
(with-networking
(with-error-handling ; for signature errors
(match args
(("--query")
(let ((acl (current-acl)))
(let loop ((command (read-line)))
(or (eof-object? command)
(begin
(process-query command
#:cache-urls (substitute-urls)
#:acl acl)
(loop (read-line)))))))
(("--substitute" store-path destination)
;; Download STORE-PATH and add store it as a Nar in file DESTINATION.
;; Specify the number of columns of the terminal so the progress
;; report displays nicely.
(parameterize ((current-terminal-columns (client-terminal-columns)))
(process-substitution store-path destination
#:cache-urls (substitute-urls)
#:acl (current-acl)
#:print-build-trace? print-build-trace?)))
((or ("-V") ("--version"))
(show-version-and-exit "guix substitute"))
(("--help")
(show-help))
(opts
(leave (G_ "~a: unrecognized options~%") opts))))))
;;; Local Variables:
;;; eval: (put 'with-timeout 'scheme-indent-function 1)
;;; End:
;;; substitute.scm ends here