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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2016 Chris Marusich <cmmarusich@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2017 Leo Famulari <leo@famulari.name>
;;; Copyright © 2017, 2020 Mathieu Othacehe <m.othacehe@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2019, 2020 Jan (janneke) Nieuwenhuizen <janneke@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2020 Maxim Cournoyer <maxim.cournoyer@gmail.com>
;;; Copyright © 2020 Stefan <stefan-guix@vodafonemail.de>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (gnu bootloader grub)
#:use-module (guix records)
#:use-module ((guix utils) #:select (%current-system))
#:use-module (guix gexp)
#:use-module (gnu artwork)
#:use-module (gnu bootloader)
#:use-module (gnu system uuid)
#:use-module (gnu system file-systems)
#:use-module (gnu system keyboard)
#:use-module (gnu packages bootloaders)
#:autoload (gnu packages gtk) (guile-cairo guile-rsvg)
#:autoload (gnu packages xorg) (xkeyboard-config)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (ice-9 regex)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-2)
#:export (grub-theme
grub-theme?
grub-theme-image
grub-theme-resolution
grub-theme-color-normal
grub-theme-color-highlight
grub-theme-gfxmode
grub-bootloader
grub-efi-bootloader
grub-mkrescue-bootloader
grub-minimal-bootloader
grub-configuration))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; Configuration of GNU GRUB.
;;;
;;; Code:
(define* (normalize-file file mount-point store-directory-prefix)
"Strip MOUNT-POINT and prepend STORE-DIRECTORY-PREFIX, if any, to FILE, a
G-expression or other lowerable object denoting a file name."
(define (strip-mount-point mount-point file)
(if mount-point
(if (string=? mount-point "/")
file
#~(let ((file #$file))
(if (string-prefix? #$mount-point file)
(substring #$file #$(string-length mount-point))
file)))
file))
(define (prepend-store-directory-prefix store-directory-prefix file)
(if store-directory-prefix
#~(string-append #$store-directory-prefix #$file)
file))
(prepend-store-directory-prefix store-directory-prefix
(strip-mount-point mount-point file)))
(define-record-type* <grub-theme>
;; Default theme contributed by Felipe López.
grub-theme make-grub-theme
grub-theme?
(image grub-theme-image
(default (file-append %artwork-repository
"/grub/GuixSD-fully-black-4-3.svg")))
(resolution grub-theme-resolution
(default '(1024 . 768)))
(color-normal grub-theme-color-normal
(default '((fg . light-gray) (bg . black))))
(color-highlight grub-theme-color-highlight
(default '((fg . yellow) (bg . black))))
(gfxmode grub-theme-gfxmode
(default '("auto")))) ;list of string
;;;
;;; Background image & themes.
;;;
(define (bootloader-theme config)
"Return user defined theme in CONFIG if defined or a default theme
otherwise."
(or (bootloader-configuration-theme config) (grub-theme)))
(define* (image->png image #:key width height)
"Build a PNG of HEIGHT x WIDTH from IMAGE if its file suffix is \".svg\".
Otherwise the picture in IMAGE is just copied."
(computed-file "grub-image.png"
(with-imported-modules '((gnu build svg))
(with-extensions (list guile-rsvg guile-cairo)
#~(if (string-suffix? ".svg" #+image)
(begin
(use-modules (gnu build svg))
(svg->png #+image #$output
#:width #$width
#:height #$height))
(copy-file #+image #$output))))))
(define* (grub-background-image config)
"Return the GRUB background image defined in CONFIG or #f if none was found.
If the suffix of the image file is \".svg\", then it is converted into a PNG
file with the resolution provided in CONFIG."
(let* ((theme (bootloader-theme config))
(image (grub-theme-image theme)))
(and image
(match (grub-theme-resolution theme)
(((? number? width) . (? number? height))
(image->png image #:width width #:height height))
(_ #f)))))
(define* (eye-candy config store-device store-mount-point
#:key store-directory-prefix port)
"Return a gexp that writes to PORT (a port-valued gexp) the 'grub.cfg' part
concerned with graphics mode, background images, colors, and all that.
STORE-DEVICE designates the device holding the store, and STORE-MOUNT-POINT is
its mount point; these are used to determine where the background image and
fonts must be searched for. STORE-DIRECTORY-PREFIX is a directory prefix to
prepend to any store file name."
(define (setup-gfxterm config font-file)
(if (memq 'gfxterm (bootloader-configuration-terminal-outputs config))
#~(format #f "
if loadfont ~a; then
set gfxmode=~a
insmod all_video
insmod gfxterm
fi~%"
#+font-file
#$(string-join
(grub-theme-gfxmode (bootloader-theme config))
";"))
""))
(define (theme-colors type)
(let* ((theme (bootloader-theme config))
(colors (type theme)))
(string-append (symbol->string (assoc-ref colors 'fg)) "/"
(symbol->string (assoc-ref colors 'bg)))))
(define font-file
(normalize-file (file-append grub "/share/grub/unicode.pf2")
store-mount-point
store-directory-prefix))
(define image
(normalize-file (grub-background-image config)
store-mount-point
store-directory-prefix))
(and image
#~(format #$port "
# Set 'root' to the partition that contains /gnu/store.
~a
~a
~a
insmod png
if background_image ~a; then
set color_normal=~a
set color_highlight=~a
else
set menu_color_normal=cyan/blue
set menu_color_highlight=white/blue
fi~%"
#$(grub-root-search store-device font-file)
#$(setup-gfxterm config font-file)
#$(grub-setup-io config)
#$image
#$(theme-colors grub-theme-color-normal)
#$(theme-colors grub-theme-color-highlight))))
;;;
;;; Configuration file.
;;;
(define* (keyboard-layout-file layout
#:key
(grub grub))
"Process the X keyboard layout description LAYOUT, a <keyboard-layout> record,
and return a file in the format for GRUB keymaps. LAYOUT must be present in
the 'share/X11/xkb/symbols/' directory of 'xkeyboard-config'."
(define builder
(with-imported-modules '((guix build utils))
#~(begin
(use-modules (guix build utils))
;; 'grub-kbdcomp' passes all its arguments but '-o' to 'ckbcomp'
;; (from the 'console-setup' package).
(invoke #+(file-append grub "/bin/grub-mklayout")
"-i" #+(keyboard-layout->console-keymap layout)
"-o" #$output))))
(computed-file (string-append "grub-keymap."
(string-map (match-lambda
(#\, #\-)
(chr chr))
(keyboard-layout-name layout)))
builder))
(define (grub-setup-io config)
"Return GRUB commands to configure the input / output interfaces. The result
is a string that can be inserted in grub.cfg."
(let* ((symbols->string (lambda (list)
(string-join (map symbol->string list) " ")))
(outputs (bootloader-configuration-terminal-outputs config))
(inputs (bootloader-configuration-terminal-inputs config))
(unit (bootloader-configuration-serial-unit config))
(speed (bootloader-configuration-serial-speed config))
;; Respectively, GRUB_TERMINAL_OUTPUT and GRUB_TERMINAL_INPUT,
;; as documented in GRUB manual section "Simple Configuration
;; Handling".
(valid-outputs '(console serial serial_0 serial_1 serial_2 serial_3
gfxterm vga_text mda_text morse spkmodem))
(valid-inputs '(console serial serial_0 serial_1 serial_2 serial_3
at_keyboard usb_keyboard))
(io (string-append
"terminal_output "
(symbols->string
(map
(lambda (output)
(if (memq output valid-outputs) output #f)) outputs)) "\n"
(if (null? inputs)
""
(string-append
"terminal_input "
(symbols->string
(map
(lambda (input)
(if (memq input valid-inputs) input #f)) inputs)) "\n"))
;; UNIT and SPEED are arguments to the same GRUB command
;; ("serial"), so we process them together.
(if (or unit speed)
(string-append
"serial"
(if unit
;; COM ports 1 through 4
(if (and (exact-integer? unit) (<= unit 3) (>= unit 0))
(string-append " --unit=" (number->string unit))
#f)
"")
(if speed
(if (exact-integer? speed)
(string-append " --speed=" (number->string speed))
#f)
""))
""))))
(format #f "~a" io)))
(define (grub-root-search device file)
"Return the GRUB 'search' command to look for DEVICE, which contains FILE,
a gexp. The result is a gexp that can be inserted in the grub.cfg-generation
code."
;; Usually FILE is a file name gexp like "/gnu/store/…-linux/vmlinuz", but
;; it can also be something like "(hd0,msdos1)/vmlinuz" in the case of
;; custom menu entries. In the latter case, don't emit a 'search' command.
(if (and (string? file) (not (string-prefix? "/" file)))
""
(match device
;; Preferably refer to DEVICE by its UUID or label. This is more
;; efficient and less ambiguous, see <http://bugs.gnu.org/22281>.
((? uuid? uuid)
(format #f "search --fs-uuid --set ~a"
(uuid->string device)))
((? file-system-label? label)
(format #f "search --label --set ~a"
(file-system-label->string label)))
((or #f (? string?))
#~(format #f "search --file --set ~a" #$file)))))
(define* (grub-configuration-file config entries
#:key
(system (%current-system))
(old-entries '())
store-directory-prefix)
"Return the GRUB configuration file corresponding to CONFIG, a
<bootloader-configuration> object, and where the store is available at
STORE-FS, a <file-system> object. OLD-ENTRIES is taken to be a list of menu
entries corresponding to old generations of the system.
STORE-DIRECTORY-PREFIX may be used to specify a store prefix, as is required
when booting a root file system on a Btrfs subvolume."
(define all-entries
(append entries (bootloader-configuration-menu-entries config)))
(define (menu-entry->gexp entry)
(let ((label (menu-entry-label entry))
(linux (menu-entry-linux entry))
(device (menu-entry-device entry))
(device-mount-point (menu-entry-device-mount-point entry)))
(if linux
(let ((arguments (menu-entry-linux-arguments entry))
(linux (normalize-file linux
device-mount-point
store-directory-prefix))
(initrd (normalize-file (menu-entry-initrd entry)
device-mount-point
store-directory-prefix)))
;; Here DEVICE is the store and DEVICE-MOUNT-POINT is its mount point.
;; Use the right file names for LINUX and INITRD in case
;; DEVICE-MOUNT-POINT is not "/", meaning that the store is on a
;; separate partition.
;; When BTRFS-SUBVOLUME-FILE-NAME is defined, prepend it the linux and
;; initrd paths, to allow booting from a Btrfs subvolume.
#~(format port "menuentry ~s {
~a
linux ~a ~a
initrd ~a
}~%"
#$label
#$(grub-root-search device linux)
#$linux (string-join (list #$@arguments))
#$initrd))
(let ((kernel (menu-entry-multiboot-kernel entry))
(arguments (menu-entry-multiboot-arguments entry))
(modules (menu-entry-multiboot-modules entry))
(root-index 1)) ; XXX EFI will need root-index 2
#~(format port "
menuentry ~s {
multiboot ~a root=device:hd0s~a~a~a
}~%"
#$label
#$kernel
#$root-index (string-join (list #$@arguments) " " 'prefix)
(string-join (map string-join '#$modules)
"\n module " 'prefix))))))
(define (sugar)
(let* ((entry (first all-entries))
(device (menu-entry-device entry))
(mount-point (menu-entry-device-mount-point entry)))
(eye-candy config
device
mount-point
#:store-directory-prefix store-directory-prefix
#:port #~port)))
(define keyboard-layout-config
(let* ((layout (bootloader-configuration-keyboard-layout config))
(grub (bootloader-package
(bootloader-configuration-bootloader config)))
(keymap* (and layout
(keyboard-layout-file layout #:grub grub)))
(keymap (and keymap*
(if store-directory-prefix
#~(string-append #$store-directory-prefix
#$keymap*)
keymap*))))
#~(when #$keymap
(format port "\
insmod keylayouts
keymap ~a~%" #$keymap))))
(define builder
#~(call-with-output-file #$output
(lambda (port)
(format port
"# This file was generated from your Guix configuration. Any changes
# will be lost upon reconfiguration.
")
#$(sugar)
#$keyboard-layout-config
(format port "
set default=~a
set timeout=~a~%"
#$(bootloader-configuration-default-entry config)
#$(bootloader-configuration-timeout config))
#$@(map menu-entry->gexp all-entries)
#$@(if (pair? old-entries)
#~((format port "
submenu \"GNU system, old configurations...\" {~%")
#$@(map menu-entry->gexp old-entries)
(format port "}~%"))
#~())
(format port "
if [ \"${grub_platform}\" == efi ]; then
menuentry \"Firmware setup\" {
fwsetup
}
fi~%"))))
;; Since this file is rather unique, there's no point in trying to
;; substitute it.
(computed-file "grub.cfg" builder
#:options '(#:local-build? #t
#:substitutable? #f)))
;;;
;;; Install procedures.
;;;
(define install-grub
#~(lambda (bootloader device mount-point)
(let ((grub (string-append bootloader "/sbin/grub-install"))
(install-dir (string-append mount-point "/boot")))
;; Install GRUB on DEVICE which is mounted at MOUNT-POINT. If DEVICE
;; is #f, then we populate the disk-image rooted at MOUNT-POINT.
(if device
(begin
;; Tell 'grub-install' that there might be a LUKS-encrypted
;; /boot or root partition.
(setenv "GRUB_ENABLE_CRYPTODISK" "y")
;; Hide potentially confusing messages from the user, such as
;; "Installing for i386-pc platform."
(invoke/quiet grub "--no-floppy" "--target=i386-pc"
"--boot-directory" install-dir
device))
;; When creating a disk-image, only install GRUB modules.
(copy-recursively (string-append bootloader "/lib/")
install-dir)))))
(define install-grub-disk-image
#~(lambda (bootloader root-index image)
;; Install GRUB on the given IMAGE. The root partition index is
;; ROOT-INDEX.
(let ((grub-mkimage
(string-append bootloader "/bin/grub-mkimage"))
(modules '("biosdisk" "part_msdos" "fat" "ext2"))
(grub-bios-setup
(string-append bootloader "/sbin/grub-bios-setup"))
(root-device (format #f "hd0,msdos~a" root-index))
(boot-img (string-append bootloader "/lib/grub/i386-pc/boot.img"))
(device-map "device.map"))
;; Create a minimal, standalone GRUB image that will be written
;; directly in the MBR-GAP (space between the end of the MBR and the
;; first partition).
(apply invoke grub-mkimage
"-O" "i386-pc"
"-o" "core.img"
"-p" (format #f "(~a)/boot/grub" root-device)
modules)
;; Create a device mapping file.
(call-with-output-file device-map
(lambda (port)
(format port "(hd0) ~a~%" image)))
;; Copy the default boot.img, that will be written on the MBR sector
;; by GRUB-BIOS-SETUP.
(copy-file boot-img "boot.img")
;; Install both the "boot.img" and the "core.img" files on the given
;; IMAGE. On boot, the MBR sector will execute the minimal GRUB
;; written in the MBR-GAP. GRUB configuration and missing modules will
;; be read from ROOT-DEVICE.
(invoke grub-bios-setup
"-m" device-map
"-r" root-device
"-d" "."
image))))
(define install-grub-efi
#~(lambda (bootloader efi-dir mount-point)
;; Install GRUB onto the EFI partition mounted at EFI-DIR, for the
;; system whose root is mounted at MOUNT-POINT.
(let ((grub-install (string-append bootloader "/sbin/grub-install"))
(install-dir (string-append mount-point "/boot"))
;; When installing Guix, it's common to mount EFI-DIR below
;; MOUNT-POINT rather than /boot/efi on the live image.
(target-esp (if (file-exists? (string-append mount-point efi-dir))
(string-append mount-point efi-dir)
efi-dir)))
;; Tell 'grub-install' that there might be a LUKS-encrypted /boot or
;; root partition.
(setenv "GRUB_ENABLE_CRYPTODISK" "y")
(invoke/quiet grub-install "--boot-directory" install-dir
"--bootloader-id=Guix"
"--efi-directory" target-esp))))
;;;
;;; Bootloader definitions.
;;;
(define grub-bootloader
(bootloader
(name 'grub)
(package grub)
(installer install-grub)
(disk-image-installer install-grub-disk-image)
(configuration-file "/boot/grub/grub.cfg")
(configuration-file-generator grub-configuration-file)))
(define* grub-minimal-bootloader
(bootloader
(inherit grub-bootloader)
(package grub-minimal)))
(define* grub-efi-bootloader
(bootloader
(inherit grub-bootloader)
(installer install-grub-efi)
(disk-image-installer #f)
(name 'grub-efi)
(package grub-efi)))
(define* grub-mkrescue-bootloader
(bootloader
(inherit grub-efi-bootloader)
(package grub-hybrid)))
;;;
;;; Compatibility macros.
;;;
(define-syntax grub-configuration
(syntax-rules (grub)
((_ (grub package) fields ...)
(if (eq? package grub)
(bootloader-configuration
(bootloader grub-bootloader)
fields ...)
(bootloader-configuration
(bootloader grub-efi-bootloader)
fields ...)))
((_ fields ...)
(bootloader-configuration
(bootloader grub-bootloader)
fields ...))))
;;; grub.scm ends here