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guix system: 'reconfigure' disallows downgrades by default.

This is similar to what 9744cc7b46 did for
'guix pull'.

* guix/scripts/system/reconfigure.scm (ensure-forward-reconfigure)
(warn-about-backward-reconfigure, channel-relations)
(check-forward-update): New procedures.
* guix/scripts/system.scm (perform-action): Add #:validate-reconfigure.
Call 'check-forward-update' when ACTION is 'reconfigure.
(%options, show-help): Add "--allow-downgrades".
(%default-options): Add 'validate-reconfigure' key.
(process-action): Pass #:validate-reconfigure to 'perform-action'.
* doc/guix.texi (Invoking guix system): Document 'guix system describe'
more prominently, and document '--allow-downgrades'.
Ludovic Courtès 1 year ago
No known key found for this signature in database GPG Key ID: 90B11993D9AEBB5
3 changed files with 141 additions and 6 deletions
  1. +31
  2. +14
  3. +96

+ 31
- 4
doc/guix.texi View File

@ -28388,11 +28388,16 @@ an older system generation at boot time should you need it.
Upon completion, the new system is deployed under
@file{/run/current-system}. This directory contains @dfn{provenance
meta-data}: the list of channels in use (@pxref{Channels}) and
@var{file} itself, when available. This information is useful should
you later want to inspect how this particular generation was built.
@var{file} itself, when available. You can view it by running:
In fact, assuming @var{file} is self-contained, you can later rebuild
generation @var{n} of your operating system with:
guix system describe
@end example
This information is useful should you later want to inspect how this
particular generation was built. In fact, assuming @var{file} is
self-contained, you can later rebuild generation @var{n} of your
operating system with:
guix time-machine \
@ -28406,6 +28411,12 @@ system is not just a binary artifact: @emph{it carries its own source}.
@xref{Service Reference, @code{provenance-service-type}}, for more
information on provenance tracking.
By default, @command{reconfigure} @emph{prevents you from downgrading
your system}, which could (re)introduce security vulnerabilities and
also cause problems with ``stateful'' services such as database
management systems. You can override that behavior by passing
@item switch-generation
@cindex generations
Switch to an existing system generation. This action atomically
@ -28732,6 +28743,22 @@ appear in the @code{operating-system} declaration actually exist
needed at boot time are listed in @code{initrd-modules} (@pxref{Initial
RAM Disk}). Passing this option skips these tests altogether.
@item --allow-downgrades
Instruct @command{guix system reconfigure} to allow system downgrades.
By default, @command{reconfigure} prevents you from downgrading your
system. It achieves that by comparing the provenance info of your
system (shown by @command{guix system describe}) with that of your
@command{guix} command (shown by @command{guix describe}). If the
commits for @command{guix} are not descendants of those used for your
system, @command{guix system reconfigure} errors out. Passing
@option{--allow-downgrades} allows you to bypass these checks.
@quotation Note
Make sure you understand its security implications before using
@end quotation
@cindex on-error
@cindex on-error strategy
@cindex error strategy

+ 14
- 1
guix/scripts/system.scm View File

@ -736,6 +736,7 @@ and TARGET arguments."
(define* (perform-action action os
(validate-reconfigure ensure-forward-reconfigure)
@ -778,7 +779,8 @@ static checks."
(operating-system-bootcfg os menu-entries)))
(when (eq? action 'reconfigure)
(check-forward-update validate-reconfigure))
;; Check whether the declared file systems exist. This is better than
;; instantiating a broken configuration. Assume that we can only check if
@ -926,6 +928,9 @@ Some ACTIONS support additional ARGS.\n"))
(display (G_ "
-e, --expression=EXPR consider the operating-system EXPR evaluates to
instead of reading FILE, when applicable"))
(display (G_ "
--allow-downgrades for 'reconfigure', allow downgrades to earlier
channel revisions"))
(display (G_ "
apply STRATEGY (one of nothing-special, backtrace,
@ -981,6 +986,11 @@ Some ACTIONS support additional ARGS.\n"))
(option '(#\d "derivation") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'derivations-only? #t result)))
(option '("allow-downgrades") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'validate-reconfigure
(option '("on-error") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'on-error (string->symbol arg)
@ -1053,6 +1063,7 @@ Some ACTIONS support additional ARGS.\n"))
(graft? . #t)
(debug . 0)
(verbosity . #f) ;default
(validate-reconfigure . ,ensure-forward-reconfigure)
(file-system-type . "ext4")
(image-size . guess)
(install-bootloader? . #t)))
@ -1138,6 +1149,8 @@ resulting from command-line parsing."
#:use-substitutes? (assoc-ref opts 'substitutes?)
(assoc-ref opts 'skip-safety-checks?)
(assoc-ref opts 'validate-reconfigure)
#:file-system-type (assoc-ref opts 'file-system-type)
#:image-size (assoc-ref opts 'image-size)
#:full-boot? (assoc-ref opts 'full-boot?)

+ 96
- 1
guix/scripts/system/reconfigure.scm View File

@ -34,9 +34,18 @@
#:use-module (guix monads)
#:use-module (guix store)
#:use-module ((guix self) #:select (make-config.scm))
#:autoload (guix describe) (current-profile)
#:use-module (guix channels)
#:autoload (guix git) (update-cached-checkout)
#:use-module (guix i18n)
#:use-module (guix diagnostics)
#:use-module ((guix utils) #:select (&fix-hint))
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-11)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
#:use-module ((guix config) #:select (%guix-package-name))
#:export (switch-system-program
@ -44,7 +53,11 @@
;;; Commentary:
@ -266,3 +279,85 @@ additional configurations specified by MENU-ENTRIES can be selected."
;;; Downgrade detection.
(define (ensure-forward-reconfigure channel start commit relation)
"Raise an error if RELATION is not 'ancestor, meaning that START is not an
ancestor of COMMIT, unless CHANNEL specifies a commit."
(match relation
('ancestor #t)
('self #t)
(raise (make-compound-condition
(&message (message
(format #f (G_ "\
aborting reconfiguration because commit ~a of channel '~a' is not a descendant of ~a")
commit (channel-name channel)
(hint (G_ "Use @option{--allow-downgrades} to force
this downgrade.")))))))))
(define (warn-about-backward-reconfigure channel start commit relation)
"Warn about non-forward updates of CHANNEL from START to COMMIT, without
(match relation
((or 'ancestor 'self)
(warning (G_ "rolling back channel '~a' from ~a to ~a~%")
(channel-name channel) start commit))
(warning (G_ "moving channel '~a' from ~a to unrelated commit ~a~%")
(channel-name channel) start commit))))
(define (channel-relations old new)
"Return a list of channel/relation pairs, where each relation is a symbol as
returned by 'commit-relation' denoting how commits of channels in OLD relate
to commits of channels in NEW."
(filter-map (lambda (old)
(let ((new (find (lambda (channel)
(eq? (channel-name channel)
(channel-name old)))
(and new
(let-values (((checkout commit relation)
(channel-url new)
`(commit . ,(channel-commit new))
(channel-commit old)
#:check-out? #f)))
(list new
(channel-commit old) (channel-commit new)
(define* (check-forward-update #:optional
(validate-reconfigure ensure-forward-reconfigure))
"Call VALIDATE-RECONFIGURE passing it, for each channel, the channel, the
currently-deployed commit (as returned by 'guix system describe') and the
target commit (as returned by 'guix describe')."
;; TODO: Make that functionality available to 'guix deploy'.
(define new
(or (and=> (current-profile) profile-channels)
(define old
(system-provenance "/run/current-system"))
(when (null? old)
(warning (G_ "cannot determine provenance for /run/current-system~%")))
(when (and (null? new) (not (getenv "GUIX_UNINSTALLED")))
(warning (G_ "cannot determine provenance of ~a~%") %guix-package-name))
(for-each (match-lambda
((channel old new relation)
(validate-reconfigure channel old new relation)))
(channel-relations old new)))