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Add 'guix archive'.

* guix/scripts/archive.scm, tests/guix-archive.sh: New files.
* Makefile.am (MODULES): Add 'archive.scm'.
  (SH_TESTS): Add 'guix-archive.sh'.
* doc/guix.texi (Invoking guix archive): New section.
* guix/scripts/build.scm: Export 'derivation-from-expression'.
* guix/scripts/package.scm: Export 'specification->package+output'.
gn-latest-20200428
Ludovic Courtès 8 years ago
parent
commit
760c60d684
6 changed files with 342 additions and 4 deletions
  1. +2
    -0
      Makefile.am
  2. +58
    -1
      doc/guix.texi
  3. +232
    -0
      guix/scripts/archive.scm
  4. +2
    -1
      guix/scripts/build.scm
  5. +3
    -2
      guix/scripts/package.scm
  6. +45
    -0
      tests/guix-archive.sh

+ 2
- 0
Makefile.am View File

@ -67,6 +67,7 @@ MODULES = \
guix/snix.scm \
guix/scripts/download.scm \
guix/scripts/build.scm \
guix/scripts/archive.scm \
guix/scripts/import.scm \
guix/scripts/package.scm \
guix/scripts/gc.scm \
@ -130,6 +131,7 @@ SH_TESTS = \
tests/guix-gc.sh \
tests/guix-hash.sh \
tests/guix-package.sh \
tests/guix-archive.sh \
tests/guix-authenticate.sh
if BUILD_DAEMON


+ 58
- 1
doc/guix.texi View File

@ -407,9 +407,10 @@ management tools it provides.
@menu
* Features:: How Guix will make your life brighter.
* Invoking guix package:: Package installation, removal, etc.
* Packages with Multiple Outputs:: Single source package, multiple outputs.
* Packages with Multiple Outputs:: Single source package, multiple outputs.
* Invoking guix gc:: Running the garbage collector.
* Invoking guix pull:: Fetching the latest Guix and distribution.
* Invoking guix archive:: Exporting and importing store files.
@end menu
@node Features
@ -914,6 +915,62 @@ Use the bootstrap Guile to build the latest Guix. This option is only
useful to Guix developers.
@end table
@node Invoking guix archive
@section Invoking @command{guix archive}
The @command{guix archive} command allows users to @dfn{export} files
from the store into a single archive, and to later @dfn{import} them.
In particular, it allows store files to be transferred from one machine
to another machine's store. For example, to transfer the @code{emacs}
package to a machine connected over SSH, one would run:
@example
guix archive --export emacs | ssh the-machine guix archive --import
@end example
Archives are stored in the ``Nix archive'' or ``Nar'' format, which is
comparable in spirit to `tar'. When exporting, the daemon digitally
signs the contents of the archive, and that digital signature is
appended. When importing, the daemon verifies the signature and rejects
the import in case of an invalid signature.
@c FIXME: Add xref to daemon doc about signatures.
The main options are:
@table @code
@item --export
Export the specified store files or packages (see below.) Write the
resulting archive to the standard output.
@item --import
Read an archive from the standard input, and import the files listed
therein into the store. Abort if the archive has an invalid digital
signature.
@end table
To export store files as an archive to the standard output, run:
@example
guix archive --export @var{options} @var{specifications}...
@end example
@var{specifications} may be either store file names or package
specifications, as for @command{guix package} (@pxref{Invoking guix
package}). For instance, the following command creates an archive
containing the @code{gui} output of the @code{git} package and the main
output of @code{emacs}:
@example
guix archive --export git:gui /nix/store/...-emacs-24.3 > great.nar
@end example
If the specified packages are not built yet, @command{guix archive}
automatically builds them. The build process may be controlled with the
same options that can be passed to the @command{guix build} command
(@pxref{Invoking guix build}).
@c *********************************************************************
@node Programming Interface
@chapter Programming Interface


+ 232
- 0
guix/scripts/archive.scm View File

@ -0,0 +1,232 @@
;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (guix scripts archive)
#:use-module (guix config)
#:use-module (guix utils)
#:use-module (guix store)
#:use-module (guix packages)
#:use-module (guix derivations)
#:use-module (guix ui)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-11)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-37)
#:use-module (guix scripts build)
#:use-module (guix scripts package)
#:export (guix-archive))
;;;
;;; Command-line options.
;;;
(define %default-options
;; Alist of default option values.
`((system . ,(%current-system))
(substitutes? . #t)
(max-silent-time . 3600)
(verbosity . 0)))
(define (show-help)
(display (_ "Usage: guix archive [OPTION]... PACKAGE...
Export/import one or more packages from/to the store.\n"))
(display (_ "
--export export the specified files/packages to stdout"))
(display (_ "
--import import from the archive passed on stdin"))
(newline)
(display (_ "
-e, --expression=EXPR build the package or derivation EXPR evaluates to"))
(display (_ "
-S, --source build the packages' source derivations"))
(display (_ "
-s, --system=SYSTEM attempt to build for SYSTEM--e.g., \"i686-linux\""))
(display (_ "
--target=TRIPLET cross-build for TRIPLET--e.g., \"armel-linux-gnu\""))
(display (_ "
-n, --dry-run do not build the derivations"))
(display (_ "
--fallback fall back to building when the substituter fails"))
(display (_ "
--no-substitutes build instead of resorting to pre-built substitutes"))
(display (_ "
--max-silent-time=SECONDS
mark the build as failed after SECONDS of silence"))
(display (_ "
-c, --cores=N allow the use of up to N CPU cores for the build"))
(newline)
(display (_ "
-h, --help display this help and exit"))
(display (_ "
-V, --version display version information and exit"))
(newline)
(show-bug-report-information))
(define %options
;; Specifications of the command-line options.
(list (option '(#\h "help") #f #f
(lambda args
(show-help)
(exit 0)))
(option '(#\V "version") #f #f
(lambda args
(show-version-and-exit "guix build")))
(option '("export") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'export #t result)))
(option '("import") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'import #t result)))
(option '(#\S "source") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'source? #t result)))
(option '(#\s "system") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'system arg
(alist-delete 'system result eq?))))
(option '("target") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'target arg
(alist-delete 'target result eq?))))
(option '(#\e "expression") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'expression arg result)))
(option '(#\c "cores") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(let ((c (false-if-exception (string->number arg))))
(if c
(alist-cons 'cores c result)
(leave (_ "~a: not a number~%") arg)))))
(option '(#\n "dry-run") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'dry-run? #t result)))
(option '("fallback") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'fallback? #t
(alist-delete 'fallback? result))))
(option '("no-substitutes") #f #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'substitutes? #f
(alist-delete 'substitutes? result))))
(option '("max-silent-time") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'max-silent-time (string->number* arg)
result)))
(option '(#\r "root") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(alist-cons 'gc-root arg result)))
(option '("verbosity") #t #f
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(let ((level (string->number arg)))
(alist-cons 'verbosity level
(alist-delete 'verbosity result)))))))
(define (options->derivations+files store opts)
"Given OPTS, the result of 'args-fold', return a list of derivations to
build and a list of store files to transfer."
(define package->derivation
(match (assoc-ref opts 'target)
(#f package-derivation)
(triplet
(cut package-cross-derivation <> <> triplet <>))))
(define src? (assoc-ref opts 'source?))
(define sys (assoc-ref opts 'system))
(fold2 (lambda (arg derivations files)
(match arg
(('expression . str)
(let ((drv (derivation-from-expression store str
package->derivation
sys src?)))
(values (cons drv derivations)
(cons (derivation->output-path drv) files))))
(('argument . (? store-path? file))
(values derivations (cons file files)))
(('argument . (? string? spec))
(let-values (((p output)
(specification->package+output spec)))
(if src?
(let* ((s (package-source p))
(drv (package-source-derivation store s)))
(values (cons drv derivations)
(cons (derivation->output-path drv)
files)))
(let ((drv (package->derivation store p sys)))
(values (cons drv derivations)
(cons (derivation->output-path drv output)
files))))))
(_
(values derivations files))))
'()
'()
opts))
;;;
;;; Entry point.
;;;
(define (export-from-store store opts)
"Export the packages or derivations specified in OPTS from STORE. Write the
resulting archive to the standard output port."
(let-values (((drv files)
(options->derivations+files store opts)))
(show-what-to-build store drv
#:use-substitutes? (assoc-ref opts 'substitutes?)
#:dry-run? (assoc-ref opts 'dry-run?))
(set-build-options store
#:build-cores (or (assoc-ref opts 'cores) 0)
#:fallback? (assoc-ref opts 'fallback?)
#:use-substitutes? (assoc-ref opts 'substitutes?)
#:max-silent-time (assoc-ref opts 'max-silent-time))
(if (or (assoc-ref opts 'dry-run?)
(build-derivations store drv))
(export-paths store files (current-output-port))
(leave (_ "unable to export the given packages")))))
(define (guix-archive . args)
(define (parse-options)
;; Return the alist of option values.
(args-fold* args %options
(lambda (opt name arg result)
(leave (_ "~A: unrecognized option~%") name))
(lambda (arg result)
(alist-cons 'argument arg result))
%default-options))
(with-error-handling
;; Ask for absolute file names so that .drv file names passed from the
;; user to 'read-derivation' are absolute when it returns.
(with-fluids ((%file-port-name-canonicalization 'absolute))
(let* ((opts (parse-options))
(store (open-connection)))
(cond ((assoc-ref opts 'export)
(export-from-store store opts))
((assoc-ref opts 'import)
(import-paths store (current-input-port)))
(else
(leave
(_ "either '--export' or '--import' must be specified"))))))))

+ 2
- 1
guix/scripts/build.scm View File

@ -33,7 +33,8 @@
#:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-37)
#:autoload (gnu packages) (find-best-packages-by-name)
#:export (guix-build))
#:export (derivation-from-expression
guix-build))
(define (derivation-from-expression store str package-derivation
system source?)


+ 3
- 2
guix/scripts/package.scm View File

@ -41,7 +41,8 @@
#:use-module ((gnu packages base) #:select (guile-final))
#:use-module ((gnu packages bootstrap) #:select (%bootstrap-guile))
#:use-module (guix gnu-maintenance)
#:export (guix-package))
#:export (specification->package+output
guix-package))
(define %store
(make-parameter #f))
@ -293,7 +294,7 @@ return its return value."
#f))))
(define* (specification->package+output spec #:optional (output "out"))
"Find the package and output specified by SPEC, or #f and #f; SPEC may
"Return the package and output specified by SPEC, or #f and #f; SPEC may
optionally contain a version number and an output name, as in these examples:
guile


+ 45
- 0
tests/guix-archive.sh View File

@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
# GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
# Copyright © 2013 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
#
# This file is part of GNU Guix.
#
# GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
# your option) any later version.
#
# GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
# WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
#
# Test the 'guix archive' command-line utility.
#
guix archive --version
archive="t-archive-$$"
archive_alt="t-archive-alt-$$"
rm -f "$archive" "$archive_alt"
trap 'rm -f "$archive" "$archive_alt"' EXIT
guix archive --export guile-bootstrap > "$archive"
guix archive --export guile-bootstrap:out > "$archive_alt"
cmp "$archive" "$archive_alt"
guix archive --export \
-e '(@ (gnu packages bootstrap) %bootstrap-guile)' > "$archive_alt"
cmp "$archive" "$archive_alt"
guix archive --export `guix build guile-bootstrap` > "$archive_alt"
cmp "$archive" "$archive_alt"
guix archive --import < "$archive" 2>&1 | grep "import.*guile-bootstrap"
if guix archive something-that-does-not-exist
then false; else true; fi

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