Mirror of GNU Guix
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;;; GNU Guix --- Functional package management for GNU
;;; Copyright © 2013, 2014, 2015 Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org>
;;; Copyright © 2015 Mark H Weaver <mhw@netris.org>
;;;
;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
;;; under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
;;; your option) any later version.
;;;
;;; GNU Guix is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;;;
;;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;;; along with GNU Guix. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
(define-module (gnu system)
#:use-module (guix store)
#:use-module (guix monads)
#:use-module (guix gexp)
#:use-module (guix records)
#:use-module (guix packages)
#:use-module (guix derivations)
#:use-module (guix profiles)
#:use-module (gnu packages base)
#:use-module (gnu packages bash)
gnu: Split (gnu packages base), adding (gnu packages commencement). * gnu/packages/base.scm (gnu-make-boot0, diffutils-boot0, findutils-boot0, %boot0-inputs, nix-system->gnu-triplet, boot-triplet, binutils-boot0, gcc-boot0, perl-boot0, linux-libre-headers-boot0, texinfo-boot0, %boot1-inputs, glibc-final-with-bootstrap-bash, cross-gcc-wrapper, static-bash-for-glibc, glibc-final, gcc-boot0-wrapped, %boot2-inputs, binutils-final, libstdc++, gcc-final, ld-wrapper-boot3, %boot3-inputs, bash-final, %boot4-inputs, guile-final, gnu-make-final, ld-wrapper, coreutils-final, grep-final, %boot5-inputs, %final-inputs, canonical-package, gcc-toolchain, gcc-toolchain-4.8, gcc-toolchain-4.9): Move to... * gnu/packages/commencement.scm: ... here. New file. * gnu-system.am (GNU_SYSTEM_MODULES): Add it. * build-aux/check-final-inputs-self-contained.scm: Adjust accordingly. * gnu/packages/cross-base.scm: Likewise. * gnu/packages/make-bootstrap.scm: Likewise. * guix/build-system/cmake.scm (cmake-build): Likewise. * guix/build-system/gnu.scm (standard-packages, gnu-build, gnu-cross-build): Likewise. * guix/build-system/perl.scm (perl-build): Likewise. * guix/build-system/python.scm (python-build): Likewise. * guix/build-system/trivial.scm (guile-for-build): Likewise. * guix/download.scm (url-fetch): Likewise. * guix/gexp.scm (default-guile): Likewise. * guix/git-download.scm (git-fetch): Likewise. * guix/monads.scm (run-with-store): Likewise. * guix/packages.scm (default-guile): Likewise. * guix/scripts/package.scm (guix-package): Likewise. * guix/scripts/refresh.scm: Likewise. * guix/svn-download.scm (svn-fetch): Likewise. * tests/builders.scm (%bootstrap-inputs, %bootstrap-search-paths): Likewise. * tests/packages.scm ("GNU Make, bootstrap"): Likewise. * tests/guix-package.sh: Likewise. * gnu/services/base.scm: Use 'canonical-package' instead of xxx-final. * gnu/services/xorg.scm: Likewise. * gnu/system/vm.scm: Likewise. * guix/scripts/pull.scm (guix-pull): Likewise.
8 years ago
#:use-module (gnu packages guile)
#:use-module (gnu packages admin)
#:use-module (gnu packages linux)
#:use-module (gnu packages pciutils)
#:use-module (gnu packages package-management)
#:use-module (gnu packages less)
#:use-module (gnu packages zile)
#:use-module (gnu packages nano)
#:use-module (gnu packages lsof)
#:use-module (gnu packages gawk)
#:use-module (gnu packages man)
#:use-module (gnu packages compression)
#:use-module (gnu packages firmware)
#:autoload (gnu packages cryptsetup) (cryptsetup)
#:use-module (gnu services)
#:use-module (gnu services dmd)
#:use-module (gnu services base)
#:use-module (gnu system grub)
#:use-module (gnu system shadow)
#:use-module (gnu system nss)
#:use-module (gnu system locale)
#:use-module (gnu system linux)
#:use-module (gnu system linux-initrd)
#:use-module (gnu system file-systems)
#:use-module (ice-9 match)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-34)
#:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
#:export (operating-system
operating-system?
operating-system-bootloader
operating-system-services
operating-system-user-services
operating-system-packages
operating-system-host-name
operating-system-hosts-file
operating-system-kernel
operating-system-initrd
operating-system-users
operating-system-groups
operating-system-issue
operating-system-timezone
operating-system-locale
operating-system-locale-definitions
operating-system-mapped-devices
operating-system-file-systems
operating-system-activation-script
operating-system-derivation
operating-system-profile
operating-system-grub.cfg
local-host-aliases
%setuid-programs
%base-packages
%base-firmware
luks-device-mapping))
;;; Commentary:
;;;
;;; This module supports whole-system configuration.
;;;
;;; Code:
;; System-wide configuration.
;; TODO: Add per-field docstrings/stexi.
(define-record-type* <operating-system> operating-system
make-operating-system
operating-system?
(kernel operating-system-kernel ; package
(default linux-libre))
(bootloader operating-system-bootloader) ; <grub-configuration>
(initrd operating-system-initrd ; (list fs) -> M derivation
(default base-initrd))
(firmware operating-system-firmware ; list of packages
(default %base-firmware))
(host-name operating-system-host-name) ; string
(hosts-file operating-system-hosts-file ; M item | #f
(default #f))
(mapped-devices operating-system-mapped-devices ; list of <mapped-device>
(default '()))
(file-systems operating-system-file-systems) ; list of fs
(swap-devices operating-system-swap-devices ; list of strings
(default '()))
(users operating-system-users ; list of user accounts
(default '()))
(groups operating-system-groups ; list of user groups
(default %base-groups))
(skeletons operating-system-skeletons ; list of name/monadic value
(default (default-skeletons)))
(issue operating-system-issue ; string
(default %default-issue))
(packages operating-system-packages ; list of (PACKAGE OUTPUT...)
(default %base-packages)) ; or just PACKAGE
(timezone operating-system-timezone) ; string
(locale operating-system-locale ; string
(default "en_US.utf8"))
(locale-definitions operating-system-locale-definitions ; list of <locale-definition>
(default %default-locale-definitions))
(name-service-switch operating-system-name-service-switch ; <name-service-switch>
(default %default-nss))
(services operating-system-user-services ; list of monadic services
(default %base-services))
(pam-services operating-system-pam-services ; list of PAM services
(default (base-pam-services)))
(setuid-programs operating-system-setuid-programs
(default %setuid-programs)) ; list of string-valued gexps
(sudoers operating-system-sudoers ; /etc/sudoers contents
(default %sudoers-specification)))
;;;
;;; Derivation.
;;;
(define* (file-union name files)
"Return a derivation that builds a directory containing all of FILES. Each
item in FILES must be a list where the first element is the file name to use
in the new directory, and the second element is a gexp denoting the target
file."
(define builder
#~(begin
(mkdir #$output)
(chdir #$output)
#$@(map (match-lambda
((target source)
#~(symlink #$source #$target)))
files)))
(gexp->derivation name builder))
(define (directory-union name things)
"Return a directory that is the union of THINGS."
(match things
((one)
;; Only one thing; return it.
(with-monad %store-monad (return one)))
(_
(gexp->derivation name
#~(begin
(use-modules (guix build union))
(union-build #$output '#$things))
#:modules '((guix build union))
#:local-build? #t))))
;;;
;;; Services.
;;;
(define (open-luks-device source target)
"Return a gexp that maps SOURCE to TARGET as a LUKS device, using
'cryptsetup'."
#~(zero? (system* (string-append #$cryptsetup "/sbin/cryptsetup")
"open" "--type" "luks"
#$source #$target)))
(define (close-luks-device source target)
"Return a gexp that closes TARGET, a LUKS device."
#~(zero? (system* (string-append #$cryptsetup "/sbin/cryptsetup")
"close" #$target)))
(define luks-device-mapping
;; The type of LUKS mapped devices.
(mapped-device-kind
(open open-luks-device)
(close close-luks-device)))
(define (other-file-system-services os)
"Return file system services for the file systems of OS that are not marked
as 'needed-for-boot'."
(define file-systems
(remove file-system-needed-for-boot?
(operating-system-file-systems os)))
(define (device-mappings fs)
(filter (lambda (md)
(string=? (string-append "/dev/mapper/"
(mapped-device-target md))
(file-system-device fs)))
(operating-system-mapped-devices os)))
(define (requirements fs)
(map (lambda (md)
(symbol-append 'device-mapping-
(string->symbol (mapped-device-target md))))
(device-mappings fs)))
(sequence %store-monad
(map (lambda (fs)
(match fs
(($ <file-system> device title target type flags opts
#f check? create?)
(file-system-service device target type
#:title title
#:requirements (requirements fs)
#:check? check?
#:create-mount-point? create?
#:options opts
#:flags flags))))
file-systems)))
(define (mapped-device-user device file-systems)
"Return a file system among FILE-SYSTEMS that uses DEVICE, or #f."
(let ((target (string-append "/dev/mapper/" (mapped-device-target device))))
(find (lambda (fs)
(string=? (file-system-device fs) target))
file-systems)))
(define (operating-system-user-mapped-devices os)
"Return the subset of mapped devices that can be installed in
user-land--i.e., those not needed during boot."
(let ((devices (operating-system-mapped-devices os))
(file-systems (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(filter (lambda (md)
(let ((user (mapped-device-user md file-systems)))
(or (not user)
(not (file-system-needed-for-boot? user)))))
devices)))
(define (operating-system-boot-mapped-devices os)
"Return the subset of mapped devices that must be installed during boot,
from the initrd."
(let ((devices (operating-system-mapped-devices os))
(file-systems (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(filter (lambda (md)
(let ((user (mapped-device-user md file-systems)))
(and user (file-system-needed-for-boot? user))))
devices)))
(define (device-mapping-services os)
"Return the list of device-mapping services for OS as a monadic list."
(sequence %store-monad
(map (lambda (md)
(let* ((source (mapped-device-source md))
(target (mapped-device-target md))
(type (mapped-device-type md))
(open (mapped-device-kind-open type))
(close (mapped-device-kind-close type)))
(device-mapping-service target
(open source target)
(close source target))))
(operating-system-user-mapped-devices os))))
(define (swap-services os)
"Return the list of swap services for OS as a monadic list."
(sequence %store-monad
(map swap-service (operating-system-swap-devices os))))
(define (essential-services os)
"Return the list of essential services for OS. These are special services
that implement part of what's declared in OS are responsible for low-level
bookkeeping."
(define known-fs
(map file-system-mount-point (operating-system-file-systems os)))
(mlet* %store-monad ((mappings (device-mapping-services os))
(root-fs (root-file-system-service))
(other-fs (other-file-system-services os))
(unmount (user-unmount-service known-fs))
(swaps (swap-services os))
(procs (user-processes-service
(map (compose first service-provision)
other-fs)))
(host-name (host-name-service
(operating-system-host-name os))))
(return (cons* host-name procs root-fs unmount
(append other-fs mappings swaps)))))
(define (operating-system-services os)
"Return all the services of OS, including \"internal\" services that do not
explicitly appear in OS."
(mlet %store-monad
((user (sequence %store-monad (operating-system-user-services os)))
(essential (essential-services os)))
(return (append essential user))))
;;;
;;; /etc.
;;;
(define %base-firmware
;; Firmware usable by default.
(list ath9k-htc-firmware))
(define %base-packages
;; Default set of packages globally visible. It should include anything
;; required for basic administrator tasks.
(cons* procps psmisc which less zile nano
gnu: Split (gnu packages base), adding (gnu packages commencement). * gnu/packages/base.scm (gnu-make-boot0, diffutils-boot0, findutils-boot0, %boot0-inputs, nix-system->gnu-triplet, boot-triplet, binutils-boot0, gcc-boot0, perl-boot0, linux-libre-headers-boot0, texinfo-boot0, %boot1-inputs, glibc-final-with-bootstrap-bash, cross-gcc-wrapper, static-bash-for-glibc, glibc-final, gcc-boot0-wrapped, %boot2-inputs, binutils-final, libstdc++, gcc-final, ld-wrapper-boot3, %boot3-inputs, bash-final, %boot4-inputs, guile-final, gnu-make-final, ld-wrapper, coreutils-final, grep-final, %boot5-inputs, %final-inputs, canonical-package, gcc-toolchain, gcc-toolchain-4.8, gcc-toolchain-4.9): Move to... * gnu/packages/commencement.scm: ... here. New file. * gnu-system.am (GNU_SYSTEM_MODULES): Add it. * build-aux/check-final-inputs-self-contained.scm: Adjust accordingly. * gnu/packages/cross-base.scm: Likewise. * gnu/packages/make-bootstrap.scm: Likewise. * guix/build-system/cmake.scm (cmake-build): Likewise. * guix/build-system/gnu.scm (standard-packages, gnu-build, gnu-cross-build): Likewise. * guix/build-system/perl.scm (perl-build): Likewise. * guix/build-system/python.scm (python-build): Likewise. * guix/build-system/trivial.scm (guile-for-build): Likewise. * guix/download.scm (url-fetch): Likewise. * guix/gexp.scm (default-guile): Likewise. * guix/git-download.scm (git-fetch): Likewise. * guix/monads.scm (run-with-store): Likewise. * guix/packages.scm (default-guile): Likewise. * guix/scripts/package.scm (guix-package): Likewise. * guix/scripts/refresh.scm: Likewise. * guix/svn-download.scm (svn-fetch): Likewise. * tests/builders.scm (%bootstrap-inputs, %bootstrap-search-paths): Likewise. * tests/packages.scm ("GNU Make, bootstrap"): Likewise. * tests/guix-package.sh: Likewise. * gnu/services/base.scm: Use 'canonical-package' instead of xxx-final. * gnu/services/xorg.scm: Likewise. * gnu/system/vm.scm: Likewise. * guix/scripts/pull.scm (guix-pull): Likewise.
8 years ago
(@ (gnu packages admin) dmd) guix
lsof ;for Guix's 'list-runtime-roots'
pciutils usbutils
util-linux inetutils isc-dhcp
;; wireless-tools is deprecated in favor of iw, but it's still what
;; many people are familiar with, so keep it around.
iw wireless-tools
net-tools ; XXX: remove when Inetutils suffices
man-db
;; The 'sudo' command is already in %SETUID-PROGRAMS, but we also
;; want the other commands and the man pages (notably because
;; auto-completion in Emacs shell relies on man pages.)
sudo
;; Get 'insmod' & co. from kmod, not module-init-tools, since udev
;; already depends on it anyway.
kmod eudev
e2fsprogs kbd
bash-completion
;; The packages below are also in %FINAL-INPUTS, so take them from
;; there to avoid duplication.
(map canonical-package
(list guile-2.0 bash coreutils findutils grep sed
diffutils patch gawk tar gzip bzip2 xz lzip))))
(define %default-issue
;; Default contents for /etc/issue.
"
This is the GNU system. Welcome.\n")
(define (local-host-aliases host-name)
"Return aliases for HOST-NAME, to be used in /etc/hosts."
(string-append "127.0.0.1 localhost " host-name "\n"
"::1 localhost " host-name "\n"))
(define (default-/etc/hosts host-name)
"Return the default /etc/hosts file."
(text-file "hosts" (local-host-aliases host-name)))
(define (emacs-site-file)
"Return the Emacs 'site-start.el' file. That file contains the necessary
settings for 'guix.el' to work out-of-the-box."
(gexp->file "site-start.el"
#~(progn
;; Add the "normal" elisp directory to the search path;
;; guix.el may be there.
(add-to-list
'load-path
"/run/current-system/profile/share/emacs/site-lisp")
;; Attempt to load guix.el.
(require 'guix-init nil t)
(when (require 'geiser-guile nil t)
;; Make sure Geiser's Scheme modules are in Guile's search
;; path.
(add-to-list
'geiser-guile-load-path
"/run/current-system/profile/share/geiser/guile")))))
(define (emacs-site-directory)
"Return the Emacs site directory, aka. /etc/emacs."
(mlet %store-monad ((file (emacs-site-file)))
(gexp->derivation "emacs"
#~(begin
(mkdir #$output)
(chdir #$output)
(symlink #$file "site-start.el")))))
(define (user-shells os)
"Return the list of all the shells used by the accounts of OS. These may be
gexps or strings."
(mlet %store-monad ((accounts (operating-system-accounts os)))
(return (map user-account-shell accounts))))
(define (shells-file shells)
"Return a derivation that builds a shell list for use as /etc/shells based
on SHELLS. /etc/shells is used by xterm, polkit, and other programs."
(gexp->derivation "shells"
#~(begin
(use-modules (srfi srfi-1))
(define shells
(delete-duplicates (list #$@shells)))
(call-with-output-file #$output
(lambda (port)
(display "\
/bin/sh
/run/current-system/profile/bin/sh
/run/current-system/profile/bin/bash\n" port)
(for-each (lambda (shell)
(display shell port)
(newline port))
shells))))))
(define* (etc-directory #:key
(locale "C") (timezone "Europe/Paris")
(issue "Hello!\n")
(skeletons '())
(pam-services '())
(profile "/run/current-system/profile")
hosts-file nss (shells '())
(sudoers ""))
"Return a derivation that builds the static part of the /etc directory."
(mlet* %store-monad
((pam.d (pam-services->directory pam-services))
(sudoers (text-file "sudoers" sudoers))
(login.defs (text-file "login.defs" "# Empty for now.\n"))
(shells (shells-file shells))
(emacs (emacs-site-directory))
(issue (text-file "issue" issue))
(nsswitch (text-file "nsswitch.conf"
(name-service-switch->string nss)))
;; Startup file for POSIX-compliant login shells, which set system-wide
;; environment variables.
(profile (text-file* "profile" "\
export LANG=\"" locale "\"
export TZ=\"" timezone "\"
export TZDIR=\"" tzdata "/share/zoneinfo\"
# Tell 'modprobe' & co. where to look for modules.
export LINUX_MODULE_DIRECTORY=/run/booted-system/kernel/lib/modules
export PATH=$HOME/.guix-profile/bin:/run/current-system/profile/bin
export PATH=/run/setuid-programs:/run/current-system/profile/sbin:$PATH
export MANPATH=$HOME/.guix-profile/share/man:/run/current-system/profile/share/man
export INFOPATH=$HOME/.guix-profile/share/info:/run/current-system/profile/share/info
export XDG_DATA_DIRS=$HOME/.guix-profile/share:/run/current-system/profile/share
export XDG_CONFIG_DIRS=$HOME/.guix-profile/etc/xdg:/run/current-system/profile/etc/xdg
# Append the directory of 'site-start.el' to the search path.
export EMACSLOADPATH=:/etc/emacs
# By default, applications that use D-Bus, such as Emacs, abort at startup
# when /etc/machine-id is missing. Make sure these warnings are non-fatal.
export DBUS_FATAL_WARNINGS=0
# These variables are honored by OpenSSL (libssl) and Git.
export SSL_CERT_DIR=/etc/ssl/certs
export SSL_CERT_FILE=\"$SSL_CERT_DIR/ca-certificates.crt\"
export GIT_SSL_CAINFO=\"$SSL_CERT_FILE\"
# Allow Aspell to find dictionaries installed in the user profile.
export ASPELL_CONF=\"dict-dir $HOME/.guix-profile/lib/aspell\"
if [ -n \"$BASH_VERSION\" -a -f /etc/bashrc ]
then
# Load Bash-specific initialization code.
source /etc/bashrc
fi
"))
(bashrc (text-file "bashrc" "\
# Bash-specific initialization.
# The 'bash-completion' package.
if [ -f /run/current-system/profile/etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh ]
then
# Bash-completion sources ~/.bash_completion. It installs a dynamic
# completion loader that searches its own completion files as well
# as those in ~/.guix-profile and /run/current-system/profile.
source /run/current-system/profile/etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh
fi\n"))
(skel (skeleton-directory skeletons)))
(file-union "etc"
`(("services" ,#~(string-append #$net-base "/etc/services"))
("protocols" ,#~(string-append #$net-base "/etc/protocols"))
("rpc" ,#~(string-append #$net-base "/etc/rpc"))
("emacs" ,#~#$emacs)
("pam.d" ,#~#$pam.d)
("login.defs" ,#~#$login.defs)
("issue" ,#~#$issue)
("nsswitch.conf" ,#~#$nsswitch)
("skel" ,#~#$skel)
("shells" ,#~#$shells)
("profile" ,#~#$profile)
("bashrc" ,#~#$bashrc)
("hosts" ,#~#$hosts-file)
("localtime" ,#~(string-append #$tzdata "/share/zoneinfo/"
#$timezone))
("sudoers" ,#~#$sudoers)))))
(define (operating-system-profile os)
"Return a derivation that builds the system profile of OS."
(profile-derivation (manifest (map package->manifest-entry
(operating-system-packages os)))))
(define %root-account
;; Default root account.
(user-account
(name "root")
(password "")
(uid 0) (group "root")
(comment "System administrator")
(home-directory "/root")))
(define (operating-system-accounts os)
"Return the user accounts for OS, including an obligatory 'root' account."
(define users
;; Make sure there's a root account.
(if (find (lambda (user)
(and=> (user-account-uid user) zero?))
(operating-system-users os))
(operating-system-users os)
(cons %root-account (operating-system-users os))))
(mlet %store-monad ((services (operating-system-services os)))
(return (append users
(append-map service-user-accounts services)))))
(define (operating-system-etc-directory os)
"Return that static part of the /etc directory of OS."
(mlet* %store-monad
((services (operating-system-services os))
(pam-services ->
;; Services known to PAM.
(append (operating-system-pam-services os)
(append-map service-pam-services services)))
(profile-drv (operating-system-profile os))
(skeletons (operating-system-skeletons os))
(/etc/hosts (or (operating-system-hosts-file os)
(default-/etc/hosts (operating-system-host-name os))))
(shells (user-shells os)))
(etc-directory #:pam-services pam-services
#:skeletons skeletons
#:issue (operating-system-issue os)
#:locale (operating-system-locale os)
#:nss (operating-system-name-service-switch os)
#:timezone (operating-system-timezone os)
#:hosts-file /etc/hosts
#:shells shells
#:sudoers (operating-system-sudoers os)
#:profile profile-drv)))
(define %setuid-programs
;; Default set of setuid-root programs.
(let ((shadow (@ (gnu packages admin) shadow)))
(list #~(string-append #$shadow "/bin/passwd")
#~(string-append #$shadow "/bin/su")
#~(string-append #$inetutils "/bin/ping")
#~(string-append #$sudo "/bin/sudo")
#~(string-append #$fuse "/bin/fusermount"))))
(define %sudoers-specification
;; Default /etc/sudoers contents: 'root' and all members of the 'wheel'
;; group can do anything. See
;; <http://www.sudo.ws/sudo/man/1.8.10/sudoers.man.html>.
;; TODO: Add a declarative API.
"root ALL=(ALL) ALL
%wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL\n")
(define (user-group->gexp group)
"Turn GROUP, a <user-group> object, into a list-valued gexp suitable for
'active-groups'."
#~(list #$(user-group-name group)
#$(user-group-password group)
#$(user-group-id group)
#$(user-group-system? group)))
(define (user-account->gexp account)
"Turn ACCOUNT, a <user-account> object, into a list-valued gexp suitable for
'activate-users'."
#~`(#$(user-account-name account)
#$(user-account-uid account)